Importance Research activities contribute to a better positioning of any country on the global scale. Being a key indicator of scientific research, publication activities of scientists undergo the influence of various underexplored factors. Objectives The study aims to perform a critical analysis of certain widespread 'myths' describing the drivers of publication activities, as their consideration is crucial to develop an adequate State policy in the sphere of science and to involve the latter in the economic relationship. Methods I theorize that publication activities of Russian scientists is an important instrument in supporting the interests of the State. Based on various statistical information, I analyze three ubiquitous myths about factors impacting the publication activities, provide qualitative interpretation of the data and perform a correlation analysis. Results Intensive publication activities of scientists imply the permanent accumulation of intellectual capabilities in the country, promotion of its favorable image, thus enhancing the investment appeal. Over recent years, Russian scientists have submitted more articles to international journals, and the proportion of articles coauthored by foreign specialists has shrunk. The grant-based and publication activities in federal universities of Russia do not demonstrate any correlation. Conclusions The State policy in science should pursue more intensive publication activity of domestic specialists, however, it is important to avoid too high requirements as they have nothing to do with direct interests of the State.
Keywords: State interests, intellectual capabilities, international journal, scientific paper, economics of science
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