Importance The 21st century is seeing how countries are vying for their access to energy resources, which, if available, shape the economic destiny of the country in the foreseeable future. Oil and gas reserves are depleting, with shale gas production still being very expensive. In these circumstances, the Arctic and its substantial hydrocarbon reserves, convenient cross-continental sea and air routes attracts more and more attention of the developed States. It fuels a race for control over the region. Some developed States of the Northeast Asia joined this race to pursue their national interests in the Arctic. Objectives Whereas the Arctic becomes even more important for the national interests of Russia, Russia approved The Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2020 and onwards, in 2008. The article shows changes in the global geopolitical situation in 2014-2015, which influenced the Russian buildup plans in the Arctic. Methods Based on an analysis and synthesis of the leading global States' policies and strategies, the article investigates the challenges to the regional stability in the Arctic that affect Russia's interests. We apply a content analysis of regulatory literature and original studies. Results We point out key aspects of the Northeast Asia's activities in the region. Considering the situation in Ukraine, the Western countries imposed sanctions against Russia to isolate it globally. In this respect, the Russian and Northeast Asian cooperation becomes especially important for exploration of the Arctic. It especially refers to the Northeast Asian investment, transfer of information and telecommunications technologies and supplies of equipment used to develop deep water and arctic oil and natural gas reserves. China may become a crucial strategic partner of Russia in exploring and developing the Arctic region. Conclusions and Relevance The research proposes aspects for further cooperation of Russia and the States to explore the economic potential of the Arctic. It also outlines possible steps of the Russian Government to counteract the Western sanctions. We point out that, considering the growing military efforts of the Western countries in the Arctic region, it is reasonable to continue deploying adequate forces and facilities and developing the infrastructure to protect the national interests of Russia in the region.
Vasil'ev A.M., Kuranov Yu.F., Zatkheeva V.A. Obosnovanie napravlenii modernizatsii rybolovstva Evropeiskogo Severa Rossii v tselyakh obespecheniya natsional'nykh interesov [Substantiating the aspects of improving fishery in the European North of Russia to secure the national interests]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' =National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2010, no. 32, pp. 13–19.
Vasil'ev A.M., Zatkheeva V.A. Voprosy vosproizvodstva promyslovogo flota Severnogo basseina [Issues of reproducing the fishing fleet of the Northern basin]. Regional'naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika = Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 21, pp. 26–34.
Vasil'ev A.M., Khrapov V.E. Sudoremontnoe obespechenie morskoi ekonomicheskoi deyatel'nosti v Arktike: problemy i puti resheniya [Ship repair services to support maritime economic activities in the Arctic: problems and solutions]. Regional'naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika = Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, 2010, no. 12, pp. 6–11.
Grushenko E.B. Otsenka turistsko-rekreatsionnogo potentsiala i faktorov, sposobstvuyushchikh investitsionnoi i turisticheskoi privlekatel'nosti Zapadnoi Arktiki [Evaluating the tourism and recreation potential and factors encouraging investment and tourism opportunities of the Western Arctic]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' =National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2010, no. 32, pp. 56–59.
Indzhiev A. Bitva za Arktiku [A battle for the Arctic]. Moscow, Eksmo Publ., 2010, 224 p.
Istomin A.V., Pavlov K.V., Selin V.S. Ustoichivoe razvitie Arkticheskoi zony kak uslovie effektivnogo funktsionirovaniya rossiiskoi ekonomiki [Sustainable development of the Arctic zone as a condition for the effective functioning of the Russian economy]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' =National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2008, no. 7, pp. 4–13.
Kashin V. Arkticheskaya kladovaya [The Arctic treasury]. Vedomosti,July 25, 2008.
Konovalov A.M. Arktika: natsional'nye interesy v usloviyakh globalizatsii [The Arctic: national interests in the context of globalization]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' =National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2011, no. 48, pp. 20–28.
Larchenko L.V. Sovremennaya Arktika: problemy osvoeniya i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya [The modern Arctic: issues of exploration and socio-economic development]. Regional'naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika = Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, 2011, no. 11, pp. 2–8.
Morozov Yu.V. Strategiya vedushchikh gosudarstv mira v Arktike v XXI veke i vyzovy natsional'nym interesam Rossii v regione [The Arctic strategies of the leading countries in the 21st century and challenges to Russia's national interests in the region]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' =National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2013, no. 45, pp. 37–52.
Morgunov B.A. Metodologiya ucheta ekologicheskogo faktora v protsesse vyrabotki strategii ustoichivogo razvitiya Arkticheskoi zony Rossii [The methodology of considering environmental factors in developing a strategy for sustainable development of the Arctic zone of Russia]. St. Petersburg, Russian State Hydrometeorological University Publ., 2006, 331 p.
Sergeev P.A. Problemy effektivnogo ispol'zovaniya resursnogo potentsiala rossiiskoi Arktiki [Issues of the efficient use of the resource potential of the Russian Arctic]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' =National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2014, no. 44, pp. 13–19.
Selin V.S. Tret'ya paradigma razvitiya rossiiskoi Arktiki [The third paradigm of the Russian Arctic development]. Regional'naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika = Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 21, pp. 17–25.
Sukneva S.A. Arkticheskaya zona Severo-Vostoka Rossii: problemy demograficheskogo razvitiya [The Arctic zone of the northeastern region of Russia: problems of demographic development]. Regional'naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika = Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 25, pp. 13–16.
Tsukerman V.A., Goryachevskaya E.S. Innovatsionnye podkhody k osvoeniyu mineral'no-syr'evykh resursov i zhizneobespecheniyu regionov Severa i Arktiki [Innovative approaches to the development of mineral and raw material resources and life sustenance of the Northern and Arctic regions]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' =National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2010, no. 32, pp. 38–43.
Morozov Y. Arctic 2030: What Are The Consequences Of Climate Change? The Russian Response. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 2012, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 22–27.
NATO Warns of Tensions as Ice Thaws in the Arctic. The Associated Press,January 30, 2009.
New Chances and New Responsibilities in the Arctic Region. International Conference of the German Federal Foreign Office in cooperation with the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Denmark and Norway. Berlin, March 11–13, 2009.
Matthias Schepp, Gerald Traufetter. Russia Builds Bold Arctic Plans. Business Week,May 24, 2010.
Svend Aage Christensen. Are the northern sea routes really the shortest? Available at: www.diis.dk/sac.