Importance Production cost reduction enables to achieve maximum effect at minimum cost. Therefore, development and improvement of cost accounting methods are important in production process accounting. Objectives The purpose of the study is to review and develop the theory and practical recommendations on improvement of cost accounting and calculation of production costs that allow optimizing costs at planning and production stages, to offer a unique method of cost accounting based on the synthesis of target costing and Kaizen costing, to develop an algorithm for cost optimization. Methods The methodology includes analysis, comparison, systematization and generalization of modern academic literature on the subject of the research. Results The article describes modern methods of cost accounting and calculation of production cost. We offer our own technique based on the synthesis of target costing and Kaizen costing. The technique has practical importance and enables cost optimization on the basis of modern cost accounting methods. Conclusions The most efficient methods to optimize costs and achieve target (optimal) cost are target costing and Kaizen costing.
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