Subject The paper deals with the determination of specific features of population aging in Russia at the regional level. Objectives The aim is to adapt and combine the existing approaches to demographic aging process description at the regional level. Methods The paper presents an overview of approaches to determining the level of demographic aging. It shows that the old-age dependency ratio is the most common and obvious measure, but it is not sufficient to identify the specific aspects of the phenomenon. We offer methods to assess the scale of population aging in the region. The stages of aging are defined on the basis of the threshold metrics system, which includes such valuation parameters as the level of aging, its depth, factors and speed. Results The findings show that problem of population aging is irrelevant for some subjects of the Russian Federation. Under the presented approach, only 60 percent of the subjects of the Russian Federation have old and very old population. Conclusions and Relevance Trends in population aging are observed throughout Russia. Some subjects face a very acute problem of health protection of the population, rather than aging.
Keywords: population aging, elderly population, health protection
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