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Project portfolio valuation using real options

Lanchakov A.B. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University) (MIPT), Dolgoprudny, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( ab5657171@yandex.ru )

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #2, 2020

Subject. The article analyzes the expected effect of a portfolio of projects in the face of risk and uncertainty, when using real options.
Objectives. The purpose is to offer a more objective formula to assess the expected impact of a portfolio of projects for real investment objects under risk and uncertainty, using real options, and provide recommendations for improving the portfolio efficiency.
Methods. The study draws on methods of real options and evaluation of investment projects through the real option value, the cash flow discounting method, synthesis, and mathematical modeling.
Results. We systematized the main types of real options and developed a formula for calculating the expected effect of project portfolio implementation. The said formula shows that considering the additional long-term costs embedded in a portfolio of real options, which are associated with the use of these real options, and, therefore, reducing the overall risk of projects and the entire portfolio, permit to improve the objectivity of such calculations.
Conclusions. When analyzing real options that have real assets as underlying instruments, it is often impossible to apply the computational formulae for financial options, as they differ significantly. The systematization of the main types of real options helps expand the range of application of management solutions. The offered formula enables to improve the efficiency of project insurance under risk and uncertainty and to use additional opportunities for effective development of the company.


Motivational component in the activity of research scientists and its relationship with statistical theory of knowledge

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #1, 2020

Subject The article addresses relationship between the statistical theory of knowledge and the motivation of research scientists. Analysis of stimulation and motivation of their activities in different countries unveiled differences that reflect the characteristics of relevant communities as sociocultural environment and transformational processes, which are dependent on increasing the use of knowledge-intensive services and high technology. This can be seen as a conceptual platform and a basic hypothesis of the study.
Objectives The aim is to justify this hypothesis and develop recommendations to improve the effectiveness of stimulation and motivation of research scientists (inventors) in organizations.
Methods We employ methods of logical research, economic analysis and synthesis based on systems approach.
Results We review individual characteristics of modern society, measures of State support at appropriate levels to scientific and innovative activities of research scientists in a number of countries, and methods of stimulating and motivating them in organizations. The paper presents logical and mathematical models within the statistical theory of knowledge of the expected results of the activity of research scientists (inventors) in companies and universities. It also includes recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of stimulation and motivation of research scientists (inventors) in organizations.
Conclusions The necessary condition for the formation of innovative thinking in Russia is to shape a belief that such thinking is imperative for social success and technological, economic and national security of Russia.


The system model of the economic structure of the society to forecast the innovative development

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian Economic University (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #12, 2019

Subject The article focuses on the development of socio-economic systems at various levels, which takes place during long and medium economic and technological waves. To strategically manage the development of socio-economic systems and innovation, their state should be systemically modeled throughout phases of the economic and technological cycles, which is the means of forecasting and optimizing decisions. Based on such strategic modeling, such measures will cushion, if not prevent, social development crises.
Objectives The study aims to build a model describing the inner state of the socio-economic development throughout phases of economic and technological cycles to strategically manage the development. The model should not depend on a phase of economic and technological cycles and the very cycle, as well as the socio-economic order.
Methods The research involves general scientific and special methods, such as retrospective, systems and functional-structural analysis, observation, classification, evolutionary and dynamic analysis.
Results I propose a model describing the socio-economic system as a set of eight economic cycles, which synergetically interact and constitute sub-systems creating value added in a different manner. Economic cycles are not homogeneous, with one of them always dominating. Evolving, they can spur and inhibit their development. Social development crises can be interpreted as a conflict of people who strive to promote some economic cycle, which could not be timely resolved by the social management system.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering that Russia needs a robust innovative sector, it is necessary to promptly and appropriately configure economic cycles ensuring the priority development of innovative activities to produce and commercialize the intellectual capital in Russia.


The organizational and administrative framework for the digital economy

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #3, 2019

Subject Currently, organizational and management innovations continue to emerge. They can be regarded as the conceptual framework for the digital economy, being the basic hypothesis of this article.
Objectives The research attempts to validate the hypothesis and outline recommendations for accelerating and enhancing the transition to the digital economy in Russia by modernizing the Russian manufacturing sector.
Methods The research is based on methods of logic research, economic analysis and synthesis on the basis of a systems and information approach. As the novelty of the research, we provide the rationale for the use and streamlined design of more refined organizational and management innovations as the basis of the digital economy.
Results We formulated the principal trends in the development of corporate governance systems as they will be adapting to the digital economy, and trend-setting factors. We identify and analyze conditions, which help enterprises adapt their governance systems to the digital economy, and respective impediments. The article sets out recommendations for streamlining the implementation of organizational and management innovations, which will underlie the digital economy.
Conclusions and Relevance To help Russia shift to the digital economy faster and more effectively, the Russian enterprises should ensure the priority development and implementation of organizational and management innovations.


Organizational and management innovations as the cornerstone of the digital economy

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2018

Importance Currently, organizational and management innovations continue to emerge. They can be regarded as the conceptual framework for the digital economy, being the basic hypothesis of this article.
Objectives The research attempts to validate the hypothesis and outline recommendations for accelerating and enhancing the transition to the digital economy in Russia by modernizing the Russian manufacturing sector.
Methods The research is based on methods of logic research, economic analysis and synthesis on the basis of a systems and information approach. As the novelty of the research, we provide the rationale for the use and streamlined design of more refined organizational and management innovations as the basis of the digital economy.
Results We formulated the principal trends in the development of corporate governance systems as they will be adapting to the digital economy, and trend-setting factors. We identify and analyze conditions, which help enterprises adapt their governance systems to the digital economy, and respective impediments. The article sets out recommendations for streamlining the implementation of organizational and management innovations, which will underlie the digital economy.
Conclusions and Relevance To help Russia shift to the digital economy faster and more effectively, the Russian enterprises should ensure the priority development and implementation of organizational and management innovations.


Innovative economy and standardization

Filin S.A. Cand. Tech. Sc, the responsible secretary, Dep. the chairman Russian-Mongolian Business Council

Yakushev A.Zh. candidate of economic sciences, Center of management, economic and legal initiatives “Strategy”

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #14, 2009

To transfer Russia to innovative course of development as soon as possible as a developing country with low solvent demand, business and population that do not have investment experience, state interference in these processes of innovation development is highly urgent. One of ways to effectively solve this problem in the field of formation of solvent demand for innovative products is technical regulation executed by way of promotional standardization.


Growing importance of intellectual property in innovation companies` assets formation

Chaikovskaia L.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Сhaik4@yandex.ru )

IakusheV A.Zh. JSC "Strategiya-Centre", Moscow, Russian Federation ( yakushev@mnevniki.ru )

Korkunov M.V. Federal State Unitary Enterprise OKB "Fakel", Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( info@fakel-russia.com )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #22, 2014

The article discusses the intellectual property management issues, which constitute an important component of innovation organizations. The authors reveal accounting objects aspects, their depreciation. The article deals with technological improvement and hi-tech product manufacture, which require an economic model enabling considering and effectively depreciating an intellectual property. The authors provide recommendations about financial base expansion of an innovation activity at the expense of increase of intellectual property depreciation in production cost.


Strategic directions for the development of the national innovation system of Russia

Filin S.A. Plehanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plehanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2016

Importance The article discusses the issues of identifying the strategic areas of development of the innovation system of Russia.
Objectives The article aims to analyze the formation stages of the Russian innovation system and its current status, and develop the strategic directions of its development.
Methods The article uses the logical methods of historical research, comparative analysis and synthesis based on system information and system-cognitive approaches and principles of project strategic management.
Results The article contains system requirements and conditions for ensuring the possibility of adopting the innovation system of Russia as the primary systems integrator in joint innovation system of the Eurasian Economic Community.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that the innovation system of Russia, reflecting all aspects of innovative activities in the country, is the result of combining sustainable regional and local systems, the basis for innovative interactions within its borders and, at the same time, an integral part of the international systems in the course of internationalization of the innovation process and in shaping the world's innovation space. The proposed strategic development directions and forms of State regulation of the Russian innovation system through investment and innovation multiplier accelerators and other multipliers will enhance the process of transition to an innovative economy.


A strategy for implementing the Transcontinental Railway Project across the Bering Strait

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( safilin@mail.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #10, 2016

Importance The article overviews key strategic areas for the transcontinental railway project across the Bering Strait.
Objectives The research analyzes the current state of the transcontinental railway across the Bering Strait, States that may possibly take part in the project, and outlines strategic areas for this project implementation.
Methods The article involves methods of logic historical research, comparative analysis and synthesis through principles of strategic project management and forecasting. As for the scientific novelty, the article identifies and systematizes conditions, strategic implementation areas, roles and benefits of Russia and other countries in the transcontinental railway over the Bering Strait.
Results We analyze development phases and contemporary state of the project, relevant hazards, threats, risks and opportunities. Based on the analysis, we proposed and systematized strategic areas for the project implementation, and opportunities for innovative development of the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia. The article presents a comparative analysis of States that may possibly participate in the transcontinental crossing project and proposed systemic requirements, conditions, roles and benefits of Russia and other countries from its implementation.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that the transcontinental railway project across the Bering Strait, notwithstanding multiple political and economic benefits, cannot be recognized as economically reasonable, geopolitically and geoeconomically secure for Russia, unless conditions mentioned herein are observed.


The formation of conditions and strategic tools to mobilize the economy

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( safilin@mail.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #9, 2016

Subject The paper discusses the issues of formation of conditions and instruments for mobilizing the Russian economy under economic sanctions by the United States, European Union countries and others.
Objectives The paper aims to analyze the possibility of mobilizing the economy in Russia and on the basis of this analysis, develop suggestions to enhance the effectiveness of the mobilization for transition to a new economy, the higher quality one.
Methods The paper uses the logical methods of historical research, analysis and synthesis based on the system information and system-cognitive approaches and principles of design strategic and crisis management. The novelty of this work is to identify the conditions and instruments to ensure the effective mobilization of the Russian economy of innovation type.
Results The paper contains system requirements and organizational and economic tools to mobilize the economy, the availability and use of which are necessary to successfully overcome the current socio-economic crisis and for the Russian economy transition to an innovative type of development. As a result of research, the paper presents systematized prerequisites, conditions, and tools for the effective mobilization of the Russian economy.
Conclusions The paper concludes that mobilization of the economy requires the development of strategic organizational-economic instruments, relevant to the objectives of social development. A prerequisite for application of mobilization innovative type strategies is the cooperation of enterprises and scientific and technological organizations of average technological production equipment level or better.


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