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Efficiency of dairy farming and the key problems of its development in the Penza Oblast

Reshetkina Yu.V. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Stolyarova O.A. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( economy1247@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #10, 2019

Subject This article discusses the issues related to improving the efficiency of the dairy cattle breeding industry and ensuring the region's food independence.
Objectives The article aims to analyze the effectiveness of dairy cattle breeding and solve the main problems of its low-efficiency development in the Penza Oblast.
Methods For the study, we used the statistical analysis, abstract-logical, balancing, and analysis methods.
Results The article identifies the problems and causes of the Penza Oblast's dairy cattle breeding industry underperformance.
Conclusions To improve the efficiency of dairy industry, government regulation measures should be implemented that have an effective impact on the development of dairy farming. Particular importance should be attached to the development of the industry within the framework of the country's food security.


The development of the milk and dairy product market in terms of import substitution

Stolyarova Yu.V. Penza State Agricultural Academy, Penza, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #4, 2017

Importance The article discusses the development of the market of milk and dairy products in the context of import substitution. As the object, the article examines the dairy cattle and dairy industries of Russia and the Penza oblast.
Objectives The article aims to show the major problems and solutions to and prospects of the development of the market of milk and dairy products.
Methods For the study, I used the monographic, abstract and logical methods, and a method of analysis.
Results Based on the analysis of dairy farms and dairy industry, I reveal the reasons for reducing the production of dairy products. I have calculated the demand for raw milk and dairy products to achieve self-sufficiency of the Penza oblast. I offer promising directions of improving the effectiveness of the dairy sub-complex of the Penza oblast; one of which is to create a production cluster.
Conclusions I conclude that for the development of dairy cattle breeding, direct support is the most effective measure of State support.


Improving public support of dairy cattle breeding in the region

Stolyarova O.A. Penza State Agricultural Academy, Penza, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Stolyarova Yu.V. Penza State Agricultural Academy, Penza, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #6, 2017

Importance The article deals with the issues of improvement of the State support for dairy cattle breeding in the conditions of import substitution in the framework of the regional Program of Development of the Dairy Industry of the Penza Oblast for 2014–2016.
Objectives The paper aims to study the peculiarities of State support for the industry through the analysis of current status of dairy farms of the Penza oblast and work out proposals on improving State support to dairy farms of the oblast.
Methods For the study, we used monographic, abstract and logical methods of analysis.
Results The paper describes the main factors determining the need for Government support in dairy cattle breeding and presents certain proposals on improving State support to the industry.
Conclusions The paper concludes that in order to improve the efficiency of dairy cattle breeding, the methods for calculating subsidies per one kilogram of sold milk should be improved. It is advisable to allocate such amount of subsidies, which would bring the level of milk production profitability to 55–60 percent minimum.


On the role of peasant (farm) holdings in the functioning of dairy sub-complex of the region: Trends and prospects

Stolyarova O.A. Penza State Agrarian University, Penza, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Stolyarova Yu.V. Penza State Agrarian University, Penza, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #9, 2017

Importance The article discusses the role of peasant (farm) holdings to increase dairy production under conditions of economic sanctions and embargo.
Objectives The purpose of this work is to develop certain proposals and recommendations on promising directions of peasant (farm) holdings' development in the dairy production of the Penza oblast.
Methods For the study, we used the monographic and abstract and logical methods of analysis.
Results The article presents a number of certain proposals and recommendations to boost and improve the dairy sub-complex' production of the Penza oblast, including financial, chain retail system, and State support aspects.
Conclusions The article concludes that for technical and technological modernization of peasant (farm) economies in the region, the number of supply and procurement and processing cooperatives should be increased.


Organizational and economic relations in the dairy produce sub-complex of the Penza oblast

Vinnichek L.V. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( l_vinnichek@mail.ru )

Stolyarova Yu.V. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( stolyarova.o.a@pgau.ru )

Stolyarova O.A. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( stolyarova.o.a@pgau.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #2, 2018

Subject This article discusses the issues of improvement of organizational and economic relations in the dairy products sub-complex of the region.
Objectives The article aims to develop proposals and recommendations for the improvement of organizational and economic relations in the dairy products sub-complex of the region and define their prospective directions of development.
Methods For the study, we used monographic, abstract-logical, analytical, and other methods.
Results The article offers concrete variants of distribution of proceeds from realization of dairy production to the final consumer between the main participants of the market of milk and dairy production. It substantiates the concept of creation of a branch cluster in the dairy products sub-complex of the Penza oblast.
Conclusions The organizational and economic mechanism of the cluster functioning should be based on the distributive relations, so that the agricultural organizations, processing enterprises and trade network enterprises were interested in the overall outcomes, taking into account each participant's contribution to their achievement.


Dairy cattle breeding on the basis of cooperation of the region's small businesses: The main areas of development

Reshetkina Yu.V. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Stolyarova O.A. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( economy1247@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #2, 2019

Subject This article considers the issues related to the development of small businesses in the dairy cattle breeding of the region.
Objectives The article aims to define the main directions of development of dairy cattle breeding on the basis of cooperation of small enterprises of the Penza Oblast as a case study.
Methods For the study, we used monographic, abstract-logical methods, and the analytical approach.
Results The article describes the directions of strategic development of consumer cooperatives in the dairy industry of the Penza Oblast. A significant growth of milk production in the Penza Oblast is caused by the effective activities of small enterprises.
Conclusions Improving the efficiency of dairy farming should be ensured through the improvement of consumer cooperatives, as private subsidiary holdings and peasant farm enterprises are experiencing difficulties with the sale of products and formation of the necessary material and technical base.


Assessment of the efficiency of investment in the region's dairy industry fixed capital

Stolyarova Yu.V. Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov (Saratov SAU), Saratov, Russian Federation ( OlgaZa24@yandex.ru )

Stolyarova O.A. Penza State Agrarian University (Penza SAU), Penza, Russian Federation ( economy1247@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #10, 2018

Subject This article discusses the development of dairy cattle breeding and dairy industry of the Penza Oblast.
Objectives The article aims to assess the effectiveness of investments in the capital facilities of the dairy industry and the updating of its production capacity in the context of limited investment resources.
Methods For the study, we used monographic, abstract-logical, and analysis methods.
Results The article presents the results of the research in the field of investments in the fixed capital of agriculture of the Penza Oblast since 2008.
Conclusions Improving the efficiency of investments in fixed capital is possible on the basis of technical and technological improvement of production. It is necessary to change the structure of investments to increase the share of expenses for purchase of machinery, equipment, vehicles.


The international practice of using modern information technology for financial education aims

Stakhovich L.V. Candidate of Economic Science, Financial Markets Center of the Research Financial Institute of the Budget and Treasury Academy of the Russian Federation Ministry of Finance ( (495) 699-78-75 )

Stolyarova A.A. senior researcher, Financial Markets Center of the Research Financial Institute of the Budget and Treasury Academy of the Russian Federation Ministry of Finance ( nifi@abik.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #10, 2009

This article is devoted to tools developing and information technology systems, innovative educating technologies and channels of information in the areas of personal finance. Possible ways and methods of using the accumulated progressive experience (both domestic and foreign), the introduction of information technology in education, enlightening, information and legal scope for improving level of financial literacy were considered here.


Mutual sector in national economic structure

Stolyarova A.N. assistant professor of economic faculty, postdoctoral student of IREY, member of Moscow consumers union cooperation, Moscow state regional socio-humanitarian institute ( tpk-dom@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2010

In article we consider particular qualities and conditions formation, development of cooperative sector of organization public production in national economic structure and its regional branches. The fundamental basis is process of transformation operating and self-organization of new systems of mass service vital functions of population in places of its living.


Mutual sector in national economic structure

Stolyarova A.N. assistant professor of economic faculty, postdoctoral student of IREY, member of Moscow consumers union cooperation, Moscow state regional socio-humanitarian institute ( tpk-dom@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #4, 2010

In article we consider particular qualities & conditions formation & development of cooperative sector of organization public production in national economic structure & its regional branches. The fundamental basis is process of transformation operating & self-organization of new systems of mass service vital functions of population in places of its living.


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