SEARCH
 

Search

 

Результаты поиска 1 - 10 из 23
Начало | Пред. | 1 2 3 | След. | Конец


Labor productivity and remuneration in aircraft industry

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2019

Subject The article discusses productivity of labor and remuneration of the world's leading aircraft manufacturers.
Objectives I analyze the labor productivity and competitiveness of Russian aviation companies based on the experience of successful Western companies, trends and forecasts of the global aircraft industry development.
Methods The article employs general scientific methods of analysis, reports of leading airlines.
Results The analysis shows that the gap in labor productivity in the aircraft industry of Russia in relation to Western aerospace corporations is increasing despite significant government investment in the industry, the introduction of information technologies and technical re-equipment of major facilities.
Conclusions The main obstacles to labor productivity growth in the Russian aviation industry is monopolization, weak management, the lack of motivation for productive labor. To meet the domestic demand for air transport service and the development of the civil segment of aviation industry in accordance with global trends, it is important to create a strong civil aviation company that would be attractive for private capital (including international), and competitive suppliers at all levels.


Military and civil space

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2017

Importance The article analyzes the global space market in 2015, its segments and the position of the Western and Russian leading producers of aerospace equipment in different segments.
Objectives The research is confined to increasing the cost effectiveness of the Russian aerospace industry. The cost effectiveness can be improved through the structural combination of global aerospace leaders to form 3 to 5 business segments competing in several markets (not necessarily aerospace) at a time.
Methods The research constitutes a comparative analysis of leading foreign and Russian companies developing and manufacturing aerospace equipment. The article sums up results and provides recommendations.
Results As the analysis shows, the Russian aerospace companies opted for a conventional way by setting up the United Rocket and Space Corporation, i.e. a mere aggregation of assets. In the mean time, limited financial resources, domestic market needs in various high-tech products urges the Russian aerospace companies to search for more flexible cooperation formats typical of the Western aerospace companies.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering the growing competition in the global aerospace market, it is necessary to find optimal integration forms as part of both united corporations and separate business segments, and develop the domestic competition.


To the issue of restructuring of the United Aircraft Corporation

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2018

Importance The research constitutes a comparative analysis of the structure of leading military and civil aircraft companies of the world through annual reports, SIPRI ratings of arm-producing companies, annual ratings of aircraft corporations in Flight International journal and publications in the public domain.
Objectives The research aims to increase the economic efficiency of UAC’s operations by considering the organizational design of successful companies, global aircraft engineering trends and forecasts.
Methods The research is based on a comparative analysis of international aircraft engineering companies’ activities. I also identify possibilities for developing military and civil segments of those companies.
Results As the analysis shows, UAC has not created an effective civil segment for 10 years of its operations. Leading civil aircraft companies like Boeing and Airbus increased their revenues through a growth in their civil segments’ revenues, while revenues of military segments remained almost unchanged.
Conclusions and Relevance UAC’s project of SSJ100 generally failed to meet expectations. Another civil project faced high competition, thus its global launch requires many efforts and investment. As UAC is expected to enter all military and civil aviation markets, a lack of talent, lagging engine manufacturing and avionics, Western sanctions make the goal unattainable in the mid run, thus necessitating its adjustments.


Air cargo fleet of Russia

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2017

Importance The modern transport aviation consists of two segments, i.e. the military and civil transport aviation. In the military transport aviation market, Russia, by virtue of its status as one of the largest military nations, tends to maintain its presence in all aircraft categories (by lifting capacity). As for the civil air fright, Russia occupies a rather modest place because of a relatively small volume of international and domestic trade and weakness in all categories of civil aviation: long-range, regional and general aviation.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to analyze major trends in the development of global transport aviation markets.
Methods I compare the operations of international manufacturers of military and civil transport aviation in all segments of the transport aviation market by lifting capacity, identify general trends in individual segments, analyze the competition and prospects for Russia in these markets.
Results The paper shows how world producers have reacted to the changing demand for various types of aircraft over recent decades. The Russian aviation industry should also respond to changes in the demand for transport aircraft, otherwise the Russian air cargo fleet will have only foreign manufacturers' aircraft, as it has already happened in the air passenger market.
Conclusions and Relevance In fact, only OAO Ilyushin (a subsidiary of the United Aircraft Corporation) is currently implementing the Ilyushin-76 in-depth modernization project and other single option projects started at the end of the previous century and rejected due to their uncompetitiveness.


Regional aviation of Russia

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #1, 2018

Importance The modern regional aviation is one of civil aviation segments covering the needs for transport mobility of citizens living in remote regions, and functioning as a ‘supplier’ for long-haul and international flights. After vain attempts to penetrate this market with Russian projects of the 80th (Tupolev TU-334, Ilyushin IL-114) and Russian-Ukrainian projects (Antonov AN-148 and AN-140), the Russian regional aviation has the only new competitive product of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), namely, SSJ 100 98-seater liner.
Objectives The aim of the study is to analyze the actual state of things in the world regional aviation market and to search for ways of Russian expansion therein.
Methods The study draws on the comparative analysis of the world regional aircraft manufacturers’ operations in terms of seating capacity in all segments of the market, which is influenced by the new hub-and-spoke structure of air service organization.
Results The analysis shows how global manufacturers responded to changes in demand in the regional aviation market. The Russian aviation industry should either promptly react to the changed demand or accept aircraft of foreign manufacturers in the Russian regional fleet.
Conclusions At present, only UAC, more specifically, Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company, its subsidiary, is engaged in regional aircraft manufacturing. I believe, it is necessary to demonopolize the aviation industry. The paper gives some examples of diversification.


Economic aspects of military aircraft engineering

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #4, 2018

Importance The article analyzes the economic aspects of military aircraft construction, like the volume of the world market, market segmentation, main producers, revenues of major manufacturers of military aviation, etc.
Objectives To improve the economic efficiency of Russia's military aircraft industry in conditions of the civilian segment weakness, economic sanctions and budget constraints.
Methods The research methodology rests on a comparative analysis of performance of leading aircraft manufacturers and identification of trends in the development of military segments.
Results The analysis shows that in general, the Russian military aircraft industry is up to the world standards, though, in technical aspect, it concedes to the USA in the serial production of the fifth-generation multirole jet fighter (T-50) and military electronics, and in the economic aspect – in efficiency of production and labor. At the same time, the operations performance of the leading foreign aircraft manufacturers increases as the share of civil aviation segment and diversification of production grow.
Conclusions The military aviation market share expansion is associated with the introduction of full-scale production of the fifth-generation aircraft, the use of 'economies of scale' to reduce product costs, and product differentiation through military electronics, information systems and participation in space projects.


Regional airlines shape the future

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #4, 2019

Subject The article reviews price-related and other factors of demand for regional air flights in Russia, proposition of aviation companies and the composition of regional airlines, the potential for further growth in regional air flights.
Objectives The research outlines recommendations for improving the regional air traffic in Russia.
Methods I conduct a comparative analysis of regional air traffic in major countries and Russia.
Results In Russia, the demand for international air traffic begins to tend to domestic traffic. The national government is noted to pay greater attention to the national civil aircraft engineering. Regional airline companies increase the occupancy rates in large long-range aircraft and total efficiency of passenger air traffic.
Conclusions Considering the low growth rate of GDP and public well-being respectively in Russia, passenger air flights will demonstrate a sustainable increase only if regional traffic intensifies. Airports in large cities were modernized, and the program for rehabilitation of regional airports and aircraft engineering was adopted by regional enterprises that do not strongly depend on components and parts manufactured abroad. The government supports initiatives that are vital for the national socio-economic sustainability.


Strategies for the development of aerospace corporations

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2019

Subject Fierce competition in all aerospace markets makes the Western companies upgrade their products and cut costs continuously, inter alia, cooperating with rivals to launch new products within a shorter period of time and share risks of certain projects. The optimal strategy ensures the sustainable development of corporations in high competition markets, growth in labor productivity and value of stocks.
Objectives The research analyzes methods for increasing the quality of development strategies and governmental programs for aviation and aerospace sectors of the Russian Federation in order to ensure the national economic security.
Methods The research employs the comparative analysis of development strategies of leading global and Russian aerospace corporations.
Results Drawing upon elaborate development strategies, the Western aerospace corporations ensure the sustainable growth in economic indicators in compliance with global trends (total revenue, sales, shareholder value).
Conclusions and Relevance As the competition intensifies in the global aerospace market, it is useful to review alternative development strategies of the aviation and aerospace sectors of Russia, revitalize the domestic competition (at least in the Soviet manner), and practice a more conscientious approach to diversifying aviation and aerospace holding groups.


Russia in the global passenger air transportation market

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #11, 2018

Subject The article analyzes the main indicators of the world and domestic passenger air transportation markets, i.e. demand, supply, organization of transportation, role of the State in the industry, organization of maintenance.
Objectives The aim is to develop recommendations for improving airline service in Russia.
Methods The study employs the method of comparative analysis of passenger air transportation organization in the largest countries of the world and Russia.
Results The paper reveals common patterns of demand for passenger air transportation formation, considers the structure of air carriers, and compares those of developed and developing countries that have in-house production of civil aircraft. It shows that the world's leading air carriers achieve high economic performance by optimizing the structure of companies in which the segment of trunk airlines is supplemented by one or several regional subsidiaries delivering passengers to intercontinental routes. These companies constantly carry out optimization of their air assets to reduce costs and increase economic performance.
Conclusions Russia should develop its civil aircraft and infrastructure, focusing on solvency and interests of mainstream population.


Problems of engineering education in Russia

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #7, 2018

Importance The article addresses problems related to the quality of engineering education in Russia. Transition to a market economy demonstrated the failure of technical universities to produce competitive engineers for civil industries, like aircraft industry, space industry, car manufacturing, etc.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to improve the training mechanism of Russian engineers for them to work in competitive market environment.
Methods I employ the comparative analysis of various systems of engineers training in Russian and foreign technical universities.
Results The analysis shows that engineering profession is not prestigious in Russia, as it is the case all over the world. There are many reasons, like small number of professors who are able not only to teach theory, but also to lead scientific and practical work of students; undeveloped scientific and research base of technical universities; lack of competition among professors; lack of English language skills preventing from communication with foreign colleagues, etc.
Conclusions The paper presents recommendations on reforms to be implemented in the coming years to improve the quality of engineering education in Russia.


Результаты поиска 1 - 10 из 23
Начало | Пред. | 1 2 3 | След. | Конец


Сортировать по релевантности | Отсортировано по дате