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Functions of public and municipal finance and the update of financial instruments in modern conditions

Malinovskaya O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Skobeleva I.P. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( SkobelevaIP@gumrf.ru )

Brovkina A.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( brovkinaav@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #1, 2018

Importance This article identifies problems in the modern practice of realization of functions of public and municipal finances. It considers the U.S. experience in implementation of the re-distributive function of finance and organization of the developed system of social assistance to the population.
Objectives The article aims to assess the performance of the main functions of public and municipal finance in the Russian Federation in modern conditions and compare this with the performance of functions based on the Anglo-Saxon model.
Methods The research relies upon the systems approach as well as the abstraction and logical, and comparative analyses.
Results The work provides certain results of assessment of the effectiveness of public and municipal finance functions. It also helps choose the tools that influence the living standard of the population.
Conclusions The article draws a conclusion about objectivity and permanence of public and municipal finance functions, on the one hand, and dependence of a choice of financial policy instruments on preferences of the business elite, on the other hand.


Simulation modeling of the Smart City System: The concept, methods, and cases

Makarov V.L. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (CEMI RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation ( makarov@cemi.rssi.ru )

Bakhtizin R.A. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (CEMI RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation ( albert.bakhtizin@gmail.com )

Beklaryan G.L. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (CEMI RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation ( glbeklaryan@gmail.com )

Akopov A.S. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (CEMI RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation ( akopovas@umail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2019

Subject The research investigates key processes of urban life and its maintenance, including food supply, infrastructure, fire security, quality and accessibility of medical services, etc. The article also discusses the creation of a system supporting the Smart City decision-making process.
Objectives The research develops methods and tools to manage the Smart City system through system dynamics and agent-based modeling.
Methods Using simulation modeling, namely system dynamics and agent-based modeling (supported via Powersim and AnyLogic), we evaluate how multiple guiding parameters influence crucial characteristics of the Smart City system.
Results We devised an approach to designing the Smart City system through methods of system dynamics and agent-based modeling (supported via Powersim and AnyLogic) intended to streamline the decision making process for reasonable urban planning.
Conclusions and Relevance We propose the consolidated architecture of the Smart City decision-making system integrating the simulation models, data storage and city monitoring subsystem. The article describes the cases of simulation models implemented via Powersim and AnyLogic to support rational urban planning. The simulation models will significantly improve the quality of urban environment, satisfy the demand for food products, provide access to healthcare services and ensure effective rescue actions in case of emergency.


Forecasting the commercial bank default based on a probabilistic model

Yashina N.I. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( sitnicof@mail.ru )

Makarova S.D. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( makarovasd@iee.unn.ru )

Makarov I.A. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( makartolk@mail.ru )

Otdelkina A.A. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( otdalla@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2017

Importance The article evaluates the efficiency of commercial banks' operations by means of econometric model for default. It represents a practical approach to assessing the probability of bankruptcy of commercial banks under modern Russian economy.
Objectives The aim of the study is to build an econometric model with a set of factors (indicators) enabling early prediction of possible default of a commercial bank based on changes within the annual period preceding the default.
Methods We apply a method of econometric modeling for default probability that rests on evaluation of commercial bank's financial stability as a baseline approach. The distinctive feature of the study is the use of multiple correlation and regression analysis of macro- and microeconomic indicators. Macroeconomic indicators help consider the impact of external factors on financial stability, and microeconomic indicators that are reported in official financial statements of commercial banks, allow for objectivity in calculations.
Results We present an econometric model to predict a possible negative scenario of commercial bank's operations based on a set of indicators that allow early prediction of default with significant degree of probability. The obtained results enable to forecast the development of possible negative processes in commercial bank's operations with 1-year time lag.
Conclusions The proposed method for early prediction of commercial banks' critical state will facilitate timely measures to strengthen their financial stability and prevent bankruptcy.


Commercialization of space activities: Best practices, problems, and promising areas

Makarov S.V. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sergei.makarov@gmail.com )

Khrustalev O.E. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( stalev777@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #7, 2018

Importance We consider problems related to decreasing the financial expenses of the most advanced high technology enterprises for rocket and space equipment creation and reducing the cost of various space services provided by satellite systems.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to review and, wherever possible, to adapt the experience of foreign countries, and to develop new instruments for efficient integration of public corporations and private businesses.
Methods The proposed method rests on general scientific research principles, integrated use of the systems analysis methodology, improved methodology for expert evaluation of efficiency and competitiveness of all types of high-tech enterprises.
Results To enhance the efficiency of commercialization processes of various space activities, we present the typology and classification of space services from the consumer perspective. The paper includes results of comparative analysis of national and international space markets in historical perspective, underpins new forms of cooperation between space and land industries. The offered methods and tools encourage identification of new trends in space services commercialization, effective generation of possible alternatives of market formation, prospects for demand, assessment of their impact on technologies in the space industry and the reverse influence of technologies on demand creation.
Conclusions The research focuses on increasing the technical level of rocket and space equipment and efficient management of Roscosmos enterprises; consolidation of positions of the national aerospace industry in the global space market through engaging the private business in manufacturing processes and space services commercialization.


A company financial policy development in compliance with life-cycle stages

Makarov A.S. associate professor, Higher School of Economics, Nizhny Novgorod ( amakarov@hse.nnov.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #12, 2010

In order to develop the theory and the practice of a company financial policy, it is necessary to research decision-making problems in compliance with not only conditions, management objects, evaluation criteria and instruments of realization, but also life-cycle stages. A survey of researches of some aspects of the problem is presented in the article. There are some areas of financial policy development methodology. Particularly it is necessary to investigate a structure and levels of criteria for detection of a life-cycle position, identification of conditions for shifting to a new life-cycle curve.


Inventory financing system at differentiated discount

Yashin S.N. doctor of economic sciences, professor of chair of innovating management, Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University ( jashin@52.ru )

Koshelev E.V. associate professor, Nizhny Novgorod State University by N.I. Lobachevskiy ( ekoshelev@yandex.ru )

Makarov S.A. lecturer of chair of mathematics and system analysis, Volgo-Vyatsky Regional Academy of Public Administration ( mcarow@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #25, 2010

In the context of the global financial crisis and the increasing competition to economic subjects relevant question of reducing the costs associated with the acquisition of physical resources. The article deals with a situation involving the inventory financing that may arise if the supplier offers a differentiated system of discounts. Developed and presented an analytical method for the determination of the party, at which the value of costs is minimized.


Company restructuring: determination of definition, types, valuation system and steps for implementation

Makarov A.S. candidate of economic sciences, associate professor, head of chair the Financial Management, Higher School of Economics - State University, Nizhny Novgorod Branch ( amakarov2170@gmail.com )

Makarycheva Y.S. graduate student of chair the Mathematical Economics, Higher School of Economics - State University, Nizhny Novgorod Branch ( cat1286@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #34, 2010

Many Russian companies are looking at options for their economic development. One of the best ways to transform business system - its restructuring. This article provides a clarification of the basic definitions, species composition, and the restructuring.


Formation of multifactor criteria for evaluating viability of the organization using the analytic hierarchy process and econometrics tools

Makarov A.S. candidate of economic sciences, associate professor of chair Financial management, Higher school of economics, Nizhny Novgorod ( amakarov@hse.nnov.ru )

Maksimov A.G. candidate of physical-mathematical sciences, associate professor of chair Economic theory and econometrics, Higher school of economics, Nizhny Novgorod ( amaksimov@hse.nnov.ru )

Leonova L.A. lecturer of chair Economic theory and econometrics, Higher school of economics, Nizhny Novgorod ( laleonova@mail.ru )

Sharunina A.V. lecturer of chair Economic theory and econometrics, Higher school of economics, Nizhny Novgorod ( sharunina@bk.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #30, 2010

Despite huge amount of researches, dedicated to analysis of factors and methods of viability of organizations, their results are not exhaustive. Disadvantages of all existing methods and criteria of estimation of bankruptcy, controversial results of testing make us to look for new approaches. The attempt of integration of two methods: the analytic hierarchy process and econometric analysis is presented in this article. The developing method was tested on 33 organizations. The presented approach is recommended as a solution for mentioned financial and economical problems, for the reason of providing more reliable, flexible and detailed estimation of bankruptcy probability.


Harmonization of innovative systems development as a factor of improving knowledge management system

Makarov A.M. doctor of economic science, professor of chair management of social and economic systems, Udmurt state university ( makarov@uni.udm.ru )

Khramov E.N. graduate student of Institute of Economics and Management, Udmurt state university ( evgenykhramov86@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #36, 2010

The problem of the harmonization of structure and functions of regional innovation systems little is studied in the contemporary science. Is developed model and is carried out the estimation of the balance of the innovation system of Udmurt Republic, are revealed problems in its development, the corresponding recommendations and directions for further study are given.


Financial and economic mechanisms for coordinating corporate interests of stakeholders of integrated structures

Khrustalev E.Y. doctor of economic sciences, professor, leading scientific worker Central economics and mathematics institute Russian academy of sciences ( stalev@cemi.rssi.ru )

Makarov Y.N. candidate of technical sciences, head of the consolidated management organization of space activities of the Federal space agency ( uokp@roscosmos.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #37, 2010

The article attempts to describe the basic mechanisms of coordination of corporate participants are interested in the production process, to investigate their properties and make recommendations on the Application of these mechanisms in corporate governance practices.


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