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Studying the transport accessibility of the European and Cis-Ural regions in the North of Russia based on a modified Engel's coefficient

Kiselenko A.N. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Centre, Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( kiselenko@iespn.komisc.ru )

Malashchuk P.A. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Centre, Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( p-mal1@mail.ru )

Fomina I.V. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Centre, Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( appmin@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #9, 2019

Subject The article addresses the modified Engel's coefficient as one of the elements of comprehensive assessment of transport accessibility for subjects of the European and Cis-Ural regions in the North of Russia.
Objectives The aim is to analyze the result of calculations of the classical Engel's indicator for subjects of the European and Cis-Ural regions in the North of Russia, offer its modified version, considering the influence of passenger transportation volumes, and define how the Engel's coefficient is applicable to the assessment of transport accessibility for northern regions.
Methods The study rests on statistical data on subjects of the European and Cis-Ural regions in the North of Russia for 2015–2017. We applied general scientific methods and the systems and comparative analysis. We also employed the comparative analysis of calculated values of the classical and modified Engel's coefficient.
Results The obtained values of classical Engel's indicator are not informative. The offered modified Engel's indicators contribute to comparability, and enable to estimate the considered subjects in terms of their supply with transport network, taking into account the volume of passenger transportation.
Conclusions The application of classical and modified Engel's indicators, when assessing the transport accessibility for subjects of the European and Cis-Ural regions in the North of Russia should be considered as a supplementary method, as these indicators deal only with transportation network security.


Assessment and prediction for the development of air transport in the European North-East of the Russian Federation

Kiselenko A.N. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Center of Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( kiselenko@iespn.komisc.ru )

Fomina I.V. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Center of Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( appmin@yandex.ru )

Sheveleva A.A. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Center of Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( AnyaSheveleva@inbox.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #1, 2017

Importance The article deals with the issues of development of air transport in the European North-East of Russia.
Objectives The article aims to evaluate the activities of air transport in the European North-East of Russia and develop forecasts for air transportation in the Arkhangelsk oblast and Komi Republic in the short term.
Methods For the study, we used methods of comparative analysis, statistical analysis, and the methods of applied regression analysis. When developing the predictive models of passenger and cargo air transportation for the Arkhangelsk oblast and Komi Republic, we applied the algorithms developed by A.M. Andronov and A.N. Kiselenko.
Results We have analyzed and assessed the state of air transport in the European North-East of Russia. Using the regression methods, we have estimated the air transportation volumes for 2016–2018 for the Arkhangelsk oblast and Komi Republic, and specified directions for the development of air transport in the European North-East of Russia for the short and long term.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that at the current trend, the passenger and cargo air transportation volumes in the European North-East will grow. The results of the study can be used by regional authorities in the formulation of strategic documents for the socio-economic development of the territory of the European North-East of Russia.


The analysis of dynamics of the functioning of regional infrastucture companies (on an exemple transport of the Komi Republic)

Kiselenko A.N. doctor of technical sciences, doctor of economics sciences, professor, head of laboratory of the transport problems of the Komi science centre, Ural division, Russian academy of sciences (Komi SC Ur.Div. RAS) ( kiselenko@ib.komisc.ru )

Fomina I.V. engineer-programmist of laboratory of the transport problems of the Komi science centre, Ural division, Russian academy of sciences (Komi SC Ur.Div. RAS) ( translab@ib.komisc.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #6, 2011

Under current conditions of the economy with the development of interregional and intraregional relations the problem in assessing of functioning dynamics of regional infrastructure companies is of great importance. In this research the results of comprehensive functioning analysis of regional infrastructure companies on an example transport of the Komi Republic in 1995 - 2008 аre presented. The main trends of their development identified of different modes of transport in the region and on the basis of the developed rating scale the conclusion about the results of their functioning is drawn.


Еconomic component in the analysis of drugs supply in the hospitals

Fomina A.V. Doctor of Pharmacological sciences, head of department “Public health and hygiene”, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia ( fomina@med.rudn.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2012

One of decisive conditions for effective work of health care facilities, including the hospital is full provision of material resources and their rational use. The cost of medicines haves a direct impact on the qualitative aspect of the institution. The paper analyzes the economic problems of drug supply of hospitals.


Analysis of socio-economic indicators of pharmaceutical support of the population: regional aspect

Fomina A.V. Doctor of Pharmacy Sciences, Head of department "Public Health and Hygiene", the Russian People's Friendship University ( fomina@med.rudn.ru )

Burmantova I.V. Head of department "Drug Supply and Pharmaceutical Activities", the Ministry of Health of the Sverdlovsk region ( biv@zdravso.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #45, 2012

In the article the state of drug supply of the population of the industrial region at the stage of rendering primary medical care is analyzed. The characteristics of a regional network of the retail pharmaceutical market, an assessment of level of availability of the medicinal help to the population are given.


A project-based approach as a method of improving economic efficiency of high-tech industrial enterprises

Matyushok S.V. Russian Goetzpartner, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vmatyushok@mail.ru )

Fomina A.V. JSC Central Scientific-Research Institute "Electronics", Moscow, Russian Federation ( fomina_a@instel.ru )

Khrustalev E.Yu. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( stalev@cemi.rssi.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #34, 2014

The article investigates the project-based approach capabilities for strategic management and improving productivity, competitiveness and innovation of modern high-tech industrial enterprises. The developing globalization processes in the economy and enhancing competition in both local and global markets have a continuous impact on toughening management quality requirements. Therefore, the ability of enterprises to permanently monitor the practical results of their activities becomes increasingly important. By adapting to the changed environment, the enterprises change their structure and transform into ultra-large transnational corporations, which are engaged in various activities that often are completely unrelated to each other. The management system faces increasingly complicated tasks: in addition to regulation and building functions of one or several similar business units, it is necessary to build communications and functionality in dozens of different business units. The authors note that the modern economic science lacks a clear classification of main approaches to business management. However, sticking to the system approach to management it is possible to distinguish a structural, functional, process, situation and a project-based approach as main approaches to company management. Harmonizing project and process approaches plays an important role for company performance enhancement. The paper formulates three main steps, which are necessary to ensure a balanced combination of process and project activities of a company: developing the structure of company's operating activity; creating mechanisms to implement a process in the form of a project; using mechanisms of unified project implementation. Solutions to many industrial problems lie in the area of strategic project management, which aims at translating a company's strategy into an integrated investment portfolio of projects and programs, as well as managing the solutions of strategic tasks at individual project implementation level. The conditions of uncertainty or incoherence of choice give rise to the issues related to building a system of criteria and assessment to support a viable and balanced portfolio of projects, taking into account organization's strategic goals, investment attractiveness and risks inherent in the projects. Since the late 90's and early 2000's, the majority of international companies have been moving from traditional hierarchy structures to "flat", quick, expeditious and more maneuverable horizontal structures based on teams and projects, which can quickly adapt to rapidly changing markets and technologies. In the final part of the article the authors analyze the success of using the project-based approach by a number of leading international companies.


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