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Project portfolio valuation using real options

Lanchakov A.B. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University) (MIPT), Dolgoprudny, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( ab5657171@yandex.ru )

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #2, 2020

Subject. The article analyzes the expected effect of a portfolio of projects in the face of risk and uncertainty, when using real options.
Objectives. The purpose is to offer a more objective formula to assess the expected impact of a portfolio of projects for real investment objects under risk and uncertainty, using real options, and provide recommendations for improving the portfolio efficiency.
Methods. The study draws on methods of real options and evaluation of investment projects through the real option value, the cash flow discounting method, synthesis, and mathematical modeling.
Results. We systematized the main types of real options and developed a formula for calculating the expected effect of project portfolio implementation. The said formula shows that considering the additional long-term costs embedded in a portfolio of real options, which are associated with the use of these real options, and, therefore, reducing the overall risk of projects and the entire portfolio, permit to improve the objectivity of such calculations.
Conclusions. When analyzing real options that have real assets as underlying instruments, it is often impossible to apply the computational formulae for financial options, as they differ significantly. The systematization of the main types of real options helps expand the range of application of management solutions. The offered formula enables to improve the efficiency of project insurance under risk and uncertainty and to use additional opportunities for effective development of the company.


Digital economy: A terminology retrospective, the present and the future

Velikorossov V.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( corp.innovation@rea.ru )

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Kalinina O.N. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( olga_kalinina579@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #4, 2020

Subject. The article considers the concept and the essence of digital economy as an instrument to reduce uncertainty in strategic management decision-making.
Objectives. The study aims to specify the digital economy concept and underpin the digitalization as a tool for better management of economy; to develop recommendations for improving the management of information through digitization.
Methods. We employ methods designed for organization of management and reduction of uncertainty about the object of management through digitization of additional information.
Results. We analyzed basic concepts related to the economy, digital economy and information within the statistical theory of information. The paper gives a definition of the digital economy and recommendations for information management by means of digitization, as it is a driver of uncertainty reduction when choosing a better management solution.
Conclusions. The increased likelihood of implementation of strategic management solutions is possible through the use of information under a specific program in order to reduce the uncertainty of choice and achieve the goals of strategic management. This enables to switch to innovative development, the most important feature of which is negentropy. Despite the progress made in the sphere of digitalization, Russia is still lagging behind the leading countries in terms of economic and innovative results of applying digital technologies and readiness for digital economy.


Artificial intelligence and the management transformation

Nikulin L.F. Plekhanov Russian Economic University (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Nikulin.LF@rea.ru )

Velikorossov V.V. Plekhanov Russian Economic University (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( corp.innovation@rea.ru )

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian Economic University (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Lanchakov A.B. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University) (MIPT), Moscow, Russian Federation ( ab5657171@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #4, 2020

Subject. The article discusses how management transforms as artificial intelligence gets more important in governance, production and social life.
Objectives. We identify and substantiate trends in management transformation as artificial intelligence evolves and gets more important in governance, production and social life. The article also provides our suggestions for management and training of managers dealing with artificial intelligence.
Methods. The study employs methods of logic research, analysis and synthesis through the systems and creative approach, methodology of technological waves.
Results. We analyzed the scope of management as is and found that threats and global challenges escalate due to the advent of artificial intelligence. We provide the rationale for recognizing the strategic culture as the self-organizing system of business process integration. We suggest and substantiate the concept of soft power with reference to strategic culture, which should be raised, inter alia, through the scientific school of conflict studies. We give our recommendations on how management and training of managers should be improved in dealing with artificial intelligence as it evolves. The novelty hereof is that we trace trends in management transformation as the role of artificial intelligence evolves and growth in governance, production and social life.
Conclusions and Relevance. Generic solutions are not very effective for the Russian management practice during the transition to the sixth and seventh waves of innovation. Any programming product represents artificial intelligence, which simulates a personality very well, though unable to substitute a manager in motivating, governing and interacting with people.


Motivational component in the activity of research scientists and its relationship with statistical theory of knowledge

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #1, 2020

Subject The article addresses relationship between the statistical theory of knowledge and the motivation of research scientists. Analysis of stimulation and motivation of their activities in different countries unveiled differences that reflect the characteristics of relevant communities as sociocultural environment and transformational processes, which are dependent on increasing the use of knowledge-intensive services and high technology. This can be seen as a conceptual platform and a basic hypothesis of the study.
Objectives The aim is to justify this hypothesis and develop recommendations to improve the effectiveness of stimulation and motivation of research scientists (inventors) in organizations.
Methods We employ methods of logical research, economic analysis and synthesis based on systems approach.
Results We review individual characteristics of modern society, measures of State support at appropriate levels to scientific and innovative activities of research scientists in a number of countries, and methods of stimulating and motivating them in organizations. The paper presents logical and mathematical models within the statistical theory of knowledge of the expected results of the activity of research scientists (inventors) in companies and universities. It also includes recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of stimulation and motivation of research scientists (inventors) in organizations.
Conclusions The necessary condition for the formation of innovative thinking in Russia is to shape a belief that such thinking is imperative for social success and technological, economic and national security of Russia.


Enhancing the teaching quality as part of the modern educational system: The case of professional accountants' training

Chaikovskaya L.A. Plekhanov Russian Economic University (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( chaik4@yandex.ru )

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian Economic University (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #12, 2019

Subject The article analyzes the important issue of education quality as part of the modern educational system, illustrating the training of professional accountants.
Objectives The study analyzes the quality of the teaching process as part of the modern educational system, illustrating the training of professional accountants and providing recommendations for the improvement of the teaching process.
Methods The study employs methods of analysis, synthesis and logic research and uses the creative information approach.
Results We review what distinguishes the development of the modern educational system, unfold the importance of innovation-based educational options to improve the entire educational process. The article discusses issues revealing the need to train professionals to ensure the effective performance of innovation-driven enterprises, which requires additional research. We provide guidance on the improvement of the teaching quality as part of the modern educational system.
Conclusions and Relevance To ensure the effective transformation of the Russian economy into a digital economy and knowledge-based innovative economy later on and infusing the information tendency into the society, the educational and teaching process should be of high quality and employ teaching innovation and robust competences. There is still a high demand for the work of teachers. However, it remains underpaid and underestimated, which requires dramatic and crucial changes.


Models for strategic management of profit-making entities in Russia

Velikorossov V.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( corp.innovation@rea.ru )

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Kopylova N.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( kopylova.na@rea.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2019

Subject The article focuses on models for strategic management of profit-making entities in Russia.
Objectives The study identifies and analyzes models used to manage businesses in Russia and provides guidance for improving the strategic management of their innovative activities and develop the innovation-driven type.
Methods The study employs methods of analysis, synthesis, and logic research through the creative data approach.
Results We analyzed key distinctions of management, including strategic one, in profit-making entities and development tendencies of the Russian management model for businesses. We provide our advise on the development of a robust strategic management system in Russia so as to spur the innovative growth of businesses. This initiative implies the adoption of new principles for innovation and business management in the highly competitive environment, innovative methods of product and service promotion. The novelty herein is that the article analyzes the management models in the Russian businesses and recommends on how the strategic management of their innovative development can be improved consistently with the current trends and global market of products and business services, including e-commerce.
Conclusions and Relevance Strategic management serves for making the innovative development of businesses more efficient and improving their innovative activities.


The organizational and administrative framework for the digital economy

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Yakushev A.Zh. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Yakushev.AZH@rea.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #3, 2019

Subject Currently, organizational and management innovations continue to emerge. They can be regarded as the conceptual framework for the digital economy, being the basic hypothesis of this article.
Objectives The research attempts to validate the hypothesis and outline recommendations for accelerating and enhancing the transition to the digital economy in Russia by modernizing the Russian manufacturing sector.
Methods The research is based on methods of logic research, economic analysis and synthesis on the basis of a systems and information approach. As the novelty of the research, we provide the rationale for the use and streamlined design of more refined organizational and management innovations as the basis of the digital economy.
Results We formulated the principal trends in the development of corporate governance systems as they will be adapting to the digital economy, and trend-setting factors. We identify and analyze conditions, which help enterprises adapt their governance systems to the digital economy, and respective impediments. The article sets out recommendations for streamlining the implementation of organizational and management innovations, which will underlie the digital economy.
Conclusions and Relevance To help Russia shift to the digital economy faster and more effectively, the Russian enterprises should ensure the priority development and implementation of organizational and management innovations.


Contemporary transnational corporations and their tax profile under transfer pricing

Velikorossov V.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( corp.innovation@rea.ru )

Chaikovskaya L.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Chaik4@yandex.ru )

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #9, 2019

Subject The article reviews the effective governmental regulation of charging taxes on transnational corporations so as to ensure the fair distribution of the tax base and taxes among national budgets.
Objectives The research devises the technique to assess how much transnational corporations contribute to revenue of various jurisdictions. The article also formulates recommendations for improving their international taxation in terms of innovative economy.
Methods The research employs methods of analysis, synthesis and logic study based on the creative and information approach. Relying on the analysis of methods national fiscal systems use to tax transnational corporations, the article proposes the technique to assess how much transnational corporations contribute to fiscal revenue of various jurisdictions in terms of innovative economy.
Results We review how the government regulates the taxation of transnational corporations in innovative economies, demonstrate advantages of deploying the production and profit centers in countries with different taxation. The article presents our technique to assess how certain production factors of transnational corporations contribute to fiscal revenue of various jurisdictions. We also offer our recommendations for improving the international taxation of transnational corporations.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed technique ensures the fair distribution of taxes and tax base among national budgets. It cam be used as part of local tax regulations with respect to consolidated groups of tax residents.


Specifics of Evaluating the Efficiency of Development Investment Projects

Filin S.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Filin.SA@rea.ru )

Marushkina V.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( maruvera@yandex.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #2, 2018

Importance The research identifies the specifics of evaluating the efficiency of development investment projects.
Objectives We outline an algorithm for evaluating the efficiency of development investment projects, formalize the process and give recommendations for improving the evaluation process in line with the specifics of development projects and real estate market.
Methods The article employs methods of logic study, forecasting, analysis and synthesis through a systems and information processing approach. The article provides algorithms, including the one for formalizing and evaluating the efficiency of development projects through the specifics of their performance and real estate market.
Results We showcase the way the specifics of evaluating the efficiency of development investment projects directly relates to the main trends in the real estate development in Moscow so as to make an evaluation more accurate and unbiased. We propose a formalized algorithm for evaluating whether development construction and investment projects are effectively implemented, and provide our recommendations for improving the process.
Conclusions and Relevance The formalized algorithm for evaluating the developer project efficiency helps to make informed managerial decisions on investment and project performance and mitigate weaknesses of traditional methods as if each of them was used separately.


Modern development of innovational interaction of sphere of small and average business of Russia and Mongolia as continuation of centuries-old russian-mongolian relations

Paraskeva S.B. Cand. Econ. Sc., the co-chairman Russian-Mongolian Business Council

Dugarzhav L. Doctor of History, the professor, Dep. Directors of branch of Plehanov Russian Academy in Ulan Bator

Filin S.A. Cand. Tech. Sc, the responsible secretary, Dep. the chairman Russian-Mongolian Business Council

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #15, 2009

The basic directions of the Russian-Mongolian cooperation are foreign trade, creation of the joint venture, frontier trade, a science and engineering, education, culture, manufacture, construction, sphere of services, tourism. The annual gain of commodity circulation in 25?30% has provided its volume on results of 2008 ? 1,3 billion dollars (in 2007 ? 700 million), having exceeded the 2010 planned to the end a parameter in 1 billion dollars. Basically frontier regional connections on which it is necessary about 70% of the Russian - Mongolian commodity circulation develop. Problems which stand now in front of the Russian Federation and Mongolia are similar. Main from them ? transition to innovational type of development, including through creation highly effective structures similar technoparks, development of innovative - active small and average business and the organization of frontier cooperation with a view of creation of favorable conditions for businessmen on development of trade between the Russian Federation and Mongolia and attraction of the Russian investments to Mongolia. During visit of the prime Minister of the Russian Federation by V.V.Putin to Mongolia (May, 2009) the Russian-Mongolian Business Council which creation is caused by mutual interest of Mongolia and Russia in restoration and the further development of trade and economic relations between two our states and necessity of the joint approach to the decision of above named problems was founded


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