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Institutions of civil society and their contribution to the improvement of mechanisms for ensuring the personal, social and national security in the current circumstances, and future development trends

Yatsulyak V.V. North-West Institute of Management, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( 9817735586@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2018

Subject At the beginning of the 21st century, the role and importance of civil society attracted more attention from perspectives of the national security.
Objectives The research examines a distinctive impact of civil society institutions and determines their contribution to the personal, social and national security in line with an array of different relations, non-homogeneous composition of participants and contradictory groups of investors.
Methods The research employs methods of analysis, synthesis, induction and deduction, generalization and specification, comparison and systematization.
Results Institutions of civil society drive the development of political activities and contribute to the national unity. This makes the civil society a unit of the nation security. Miscellaneous mechanisms and tools, which the civil society uses to ensure personal, social and national security, strengthen the communicative potential of the power, business and society as a whole, thus allowing to manipulate capabilities and means for ensuring the national security, create new social and political format for protecting the national interests in the globalized world.
Conclusions and Relevance The civil society is especially indicative of the social and political milieu, where a person and a group satisfy their needs, including the national security. Those needs shall be satisfied with different tools. For example, political parties and public associations liaison with the power, business and international organizations.


History of the national security concept development in the political science of the 20th century

Yatsulyak V.V. North-West Institute of Management, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( 9817735586@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2018

Importance Nowadays most theoretical approaches to studying the national security fail to provide certainty and properly evaluate some methodological aspects of respective strategies and their formation. This requires to theoretically revise the category by analyzing the existing scientific legacy.
Objectives The research delves into the evolution of the national security in the political science of the 20th century and identifies distinctions in integrating and implementing the devised approaches into practices of various countries.
Methods I apply methods of historic-comparative and problem-chronological analysis.
Results Studying the phenomenon of national security comprehensively, it is necessary to consider various contradictory viewpoints and approaches in this area, which complement each other. As the analysis of the national security history in the political science of the 20th century shows, there is a variety of viewpoints. Hands-on aspects of political science findings are illustrated through various countries, thus proving that the USA was the leader in terms of completeness and efficiency of doctrine instruments on the national security from economic perspectives.
Conclusions and Relevance In the 20th century, States evolved in terms of their attitude to their own security moving from the unipolar to multipolar world as the world order system unfolded, and from primitive technologies to nanotechnologies as waves of innovations advanced. As a result, national security models morphed from cameralism to institutionalism, seeing the rise of new teachings on national economic security.


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