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Analysis of fundamental changes in the realization of public-private partnership projects under the influence of the global financial crisis

Kabashkin V. a professor of MSLU, d.e.s ( kabashkin_va@veb.ru )

Sobolev I. student of MSLU ( ISoboleff@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #3, 2011

This article is devoted to the main provisions of the public-private partnership (PPP) projects realization. The grouping of fundamental changes in the realization of public-private partnership projects under the influence of the global financial crisis (2008) is provided. The PPP development prospects in the Russian regions are developed.


Innovative strategy of transformation of hi-tech complexes

Sobolev L.B. PhD in Economics, Professor, Department “Economics of Innovation and Project Management”, the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) ( srd5051@mai.ru )

Yakovlev E.N. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director “Expert and analytical Center" ( 8tat@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2013

Transformation of high-tech facilities in the network of the company is one of the most promising and innovative forms of organization of big business. A similar form is being implemented in corporations Airbus, Siemens, Nokia, Sony. Enterprise Network is a network of partners (enterprises, research institutes, universities, and individuals), jointly engaging in the development, manufacture and marketing of certain products, while maintaining the independence to work with other partners.


Domestic aircraft industry needs the reformation

Sobolev L.B. Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, the Department of Economy of Innovations and Management of Projects, the Moscow Aviation Institute - the National Research University ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Davydov A.D. PhD in Economics, Chief of the Problematic Research Laboratory, the Moscow Aviation Institute - the National Research University ( srd5051@mai.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #28, 2013

The united aircraft construction corporation created in 2006; to the present time solved only one of stated problems - concentration of the aviation active memberships within the framework of government monopoly. Now it is necessary to solve more complex problem - to make domestic aviation branch competitive in the world aviation markets. In the article one of the methods of solution of this task is proposed.


Avionics in modern aviation industry

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2016

Subject The article analyzes the trends in the avionics world market development.
Objectives The study aims to increase the economic efficiency of Russian avionics manufacturers and avionic equipment based on experience in creating the business models by global leaders and their competitive activity strategies.
Methods The study rests on a comparative analysis of activity of leading foreign and Russian companies engaged in development and production of avionics systems.
Results The analysis shows that Russian companies operating in the field of avionics have made only the first step on their way to creating a globally competitive organization structure. Next steps should be decreasing their dependence on Defense Procurement through developing the civil sectors of electronics, increasing innovation and diversification to enhance economic stability.
Conclusions Under fiercer competition in the global avionics market, it is possible to use alternative business models of avionics manufacture in Russia, increase the number of manufacturers (including through the creation of avionics segments in allied industries), and develop internal competition in the country.


Labor productivity and remuneration in aircraft industry

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2019

Subject The article discusses productivity of labor and remuneration of the world's leading aircraft manufacturers.
Objectives I analyze the labor productivity and competitiveness of Russian aviation companies based on the experience of successful Western companies, trends and forecasts of the global aircraft industry development.
Methods The article employs general scientific methods of analysis, reports of leading airlines.
Results The analysis shows that the gap in labor productivity in the aircraft industry of Russia in relation to Western aerospace corporations is increasing despite significant government investment in the industry, the introduction of information technologies and technical re-equipment of major facilities.
Conclusions The main obstacles to labor productivity growth in the Russian aviation industry is monopolization, weak management, the lack of motivation for productive labor. To meet the domestic demand for air transport service and the development of the civil segment of aviation industry in accordance with global trends, it is important to create a strong civil aviation company that would be attractive for private capital (including international), and competitive suppliers at all levels.


Russia in the global passenger air transportation market

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #11, 2018

Subject The article analyzes the main indicators of the world and domestic passenger air transportation markets, i.e. demand, supply, organization of transportation, role of the State in the industry, organization of maintenance.
Objectives The aim is to develop recommendations for improving airline service in Russia.
Methods The study employs the method of comparative analysis of passenger air transportation organization in the largest countries of the world and Russia.
Results The paper reveals common patterns of demand for passenger air transportation formation, considers the structure of air carriers, and compares those of developed and developing countries that have in-house production of civil aircraft. It shows that the world's leading air carriers achieve high economic performance by optimizing the structure of companies in which the segment of trunk airlines is supplemented by one or several regional subsidiaries delivering passengers to intercontinental routes. These companies constantly carry out optimization of their air assets to reduce costs and increase economic performance.
Conclusions Russia should develop its civil aircraft and infrastructure, focusing on solvency and interests of mainstream population.


Problems of engineering education in Russia

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #7, 2018

Importance The article addresses problems related to the quality of engineering education in Russia. Transition to a market economy demonstrated the failure of technical universities to produce competitive engineers for civil industries, like aircraft industry, space industry, car manufacturing, etc.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to improve the training mechanism of Russian engineers for them to work in competitive market environment.
Methods I employ the comparative analysis of various systems of engineers training in Russian and foreign technical universities.
Results The analysis shows that engineering profession is not prestigious in Russia, as it is the case all over the world. There are many reasons, like small number of professors who are able not only to teach theory, but also to lead scientific and practical work of students; undeveloped scientific and research base of technical universities; lack of competition among professors; lack of English language skills preventing from communication with foreign colleagues, etc.
Conclusions The paper presents recommendations on reforms to be implemented in the coming years to improve the quality of engineering education in Russia.


Conglomeration as a method for increasing the efficiency of the military-industrial sector

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute – National Research University, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #47, 2015

Importance Defensive and resource conglomerates, robust and rather autonomous hi-tech civilian subdivisions can become one of the methods for restructuring the Russian economy.
     Objectives The research evaluates whether it is possible to enhance the economic efficiency of the Russian aerospace corporations as one of the leading segments in the military-industrial sector.
     Methods I performed a comparative analysis of activities of the global aerospace leaders.
     Results Aggregation of assets should be regarded as the first step of restructuring the military-industrial complex. As the analysis and the Russian economic conditions show, it is necessary to involve highly profitable businesses (oil and gas assets, banks, trading and construction companies) into conglomerate aerospace corporations.
     Conclusions and Relevance Restructuring the aerospace segment of Russia, it is reasonable to involve highly profitable civilian businesses in those corporations, thus increasing the input of the corporations in R&D and alleviate the budgetary burden. It is especially relevant when budgetary revenues from sale of carbon hydroxides fall and international sanctions are imposed. Defensive and resource conglomerates can raise their revenue by substituting imported equipment for oil&gas and power industries, creating innovative transport or IT-products.


Regional airlines shape the future

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #4, 2019

Subject The article reviews price-related and other factors of demand for regional air flights in Russia, proposition of aviation companies and the composition of regional airlines, the potential for further growth in regional air flights.
Objectives The research outlines recommendations for improving the regional air traffic in Russia.
Methods I conduct a comparative analysis of regional air traffic in major countries and Russia.
Results In Russia, the demand for international air traffic begins to tend to domestic traffic. The national government is noted to pay greater attention to the national civil aircraft engineering. Regional airline companies increase the occupancy rates in large long-range aircraft and total efficiency of passenger air traffic.
Conclusions Considering the low growth rate of GDP and public well-being respectively in Russia, passenger air flights will demonstrate a sustainable increase only if regional traffic intensifies. Airports in large cities were modernized, and the program for rehabilitation of regional airports and aircraft engineering was adopted by regional enterprises that do not strongly depend on components and parts manufactured abroad. The government supports initiatives that are vital for the national socio-economic sustainability.


Military and civil space

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2017

Importance The article analyzes the global space market in 2015, its segments and the position of the Western and Russian leading producers of aerospace equipment in different segments.
Objectives The research is confined to increasing the cost effectiveness of the Russian aerospace industry. The cost effectiveness can be improved through the structural combination of global aerospace leaders to form 3 to 5 business segments competing in several markets (not necessarily aerospace) at a time.
Methods The research constitutes a comparative analysis of leading foreign and Russian companies developing and manufacturing aerospace equipment. The article sums up results and provides recommendations.
Results As the analysis shows, the Russian aerospace companies opted for a conventional way by setting up the United Rocket and Space Corporation, i.e. a mere aggregation of assets. In the mean time, limited financial resources, domestic market needs in various high-tech products urges the Russian aerospace companies to search for more flexible cooperation formats typical of the Western aerospace companies.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering the growing competition in the global aerospace market, it is necessary to find optimal integration forms as part of both united corporations and separate business segments, and develop the domestic competition.


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