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Approaches to the public management of infrastructure investment in Russia in the light of international practices

Bogacheva O.V. Financial Research Institute of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( bogacheva@nifi.ru )

Smorodinov O.V. Financial Research Institute of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( osmorodinov@nifi.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #9, 2018

Subject This paper discusses the holistic approach to the public management of investment in the economic and social infrastructure. The majority of economically developed countries have accepted this approach.
Objectives The paper aims to analyze foreign public management of investment in infrastructure and explore the possibility of introducing this approach in Russia.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of logical and comparative analyses, as well as a generalization of world best practices.
Results The paper formulates key characteristics of the holistic approach to the public management of infrastructure investment. It suggests a set of criteria allowing to evaluate the efficiency of investing in infrastructure projects.
Conclusions and Relevance The paper concludes that increasing the efficiency of public management of infrastructure investment in Russia is a multifold task. Its solution requires adoption of long-term national strategy of infrastructure development, forming new government management elements, providing a financial stability during the whole life-cycle of infrastructure project. The results of this research can be useful in investment project selection and project efficiency assessment.


Formalizing the rights of public research institutions to intellectual property as a key driver for science and innovation. Best practice of OECD countries

Bogacheva O.V. Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( bogacheva@nifi.ru )

Smorodinov O.V. Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( osmorodinov@nifi.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #2, 2016

Subject One of the main reasons for low efficiency of R&D and unsatisfactory level of commercialization of intellectual activity results in the Russian Federation is the lack of proper regulation of rights of government agencies to intellectual property items protected by law, which are created under the State budget financing. The article considers foreign practices in this sphere.
     Objectives The aim is to analyze the aspects of foreign legislation relating to regulation of rights to IP assets created by government agencies and paid from the State budget.
     Methods Using the comparative analysis method, we review the specifics of regulation of government agencies’ rights to intellectual property created using the funds of national (federal) budgets in a number of developed countries.
     Results The analysis shows the key features of the regulation, namely, formalization of rights of government agencies to the results of intellectual activity, and incorporation of procedures for distribution of income generated by application of IP assets among the stakeholders.
     Conclusions The findings enable to determine the areas of perfecting the Russian legislation on intellectual property to the extent of formalizing the rights to IP assets created by various government agencies within public contract performance.


Improving the statutory regulation of intellectual property rights of government agencies

Bogacheva O.V. Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( bogacheva@nifi.ru )

Smorodinov O.V. Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( osmorodinov@nifi.ru )

Vlasikhin S.A. Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( saw@nifi.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #1, 2016

Subject Despite the enforced Part IV of the Russian Civil Code, the nature of the formalized rights of government agencies to intellectual property is not universal. As a result, many budgetary and autonomous academic and educational institutions are not interested in increasing the efficiency of R&D and transferring the results of inventions to the industrial sector.
     Objectives The aim is to prepare proposals for the Russian legislation improvement to the extent of exclusive rights to intellectual property created by budgetary institutions using the budgetary funding.
     Methods The study rests on the analysis of the current situation with the use of intellectual property created by government agencies, and the legal framework for intellectual property rights protection.
     Results We offer amendments to effective Part IV of the Russian Civil Code, Federal Law № 7-FZ of January 12, 1996 On Non-profit Organizations, and Federal Law № 174-FZ of November 3, 2006 On Autonomous Institutions, and a number of statutory documents regulating the procedure for State jobs formation for government agencies.
     Conclusions The recommended amendments provide for presuming the exclusive rights of budgetary and autonomous institutions to the intellectual property they create using State budget funds. The proposed new budgetary instrument to be included in the Russian Civil Code, i.e. the agreement for public contract execution, will include provisions defining the rights of interested parties to intellectual property created in the course of executing State jobs for R&D.


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