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The substance and mechanism for the legitimation of power in the constituent entities of the North Caucasian Federal District: Rationale and prospects

Skorokhodova V.P. Federal Research Centre, Southern Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( albinose@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2018

Importance As part of the relationship between the center and regions in a multinational State like Russia, the legitimacy of power rests upon a variety of regional, ethnic, sociocultural interests. It complicates the origination of mostly recognized values.
Objectives I identify the rationale and mechanisms for legitimizing the regional authority, and causes of its delegitimization in the North Caucasian Federal District as part of a new election cycle.
Methods The research applies general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, statistical methods, systems, structural and functional approaches.
Results If members of the society get a real assistance and aid to address their daily issues and protect their interests so that well elaborated governmental and managerial solutions are put into practice, this will alleviate the social tensions in the North Caucasian society and increase the legitimacy of the regional power.
Conclusions and Relevance I determined factors that influence the local population and contribute to distinctive attitude of the public in recognizing and supporting regional power. They may include the departure from direct elections. This trend constrains constitutional rights of citizens, undermines trust in democratic ideals and procedures, and widens the gap between the power-that-be and public. It also makes a considerable part of the population dissatisfied with their socio-economic position and various forms of corruption.


2018 Presidential Elections in the North Caucasus: Prospects and potential risks

Skorokhodova V.P. Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SSC RAS), Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( albinose@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2019

Subject The article identifies undeniable reasons for the high voting turnaround and percentage of votes in the presidential elections. There is scarce research into federal elections from political perspectives of the national republics in the analyzable region.
Objectives The research examines the role of presidential elections in the political environment of the North Caucasus, and tries to locate possible controversial sentiment among voters, considering socio-economic and political developments.
Methods The article relies upon general methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, statistical method, systems and structural-functional approaches.
Results Referring to data of the Central Election Commission, I evaluate the protest voting seen in two presidential election campaigns (2012 and 2018) and the previous election campaign in the State Duma (2016). There is a risk that the political situation in the region may be destabilized if the vertical structure of power becomes less strict. The coherent formation of authorities in the region confers the significant power on federal authorities as part of the regional system of governance, including a possibility to directly influence electoral processes.
Conclusions and Relevance It is possible to emphasize the definite concord of the public on condition that there are no obvious conflicts and crisis trends. Loyal attitude is seen not only among the public, but also among the regional authorities. The president gains a lot of votes in the North Caucasus due to peoples’ high aptitude to act, deep respect for his national governance. The findings can be practically applied by public and municipal authorities and serve for developing general and special courses on political studies, conflict studies, studies of regional politics.


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