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Sheina E.G. Ural State University of Economics (USUE), Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Astanakulov O.T. Tashkent Institute of Finance (TIF), Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: Finance and Credit, #10, 2019
Subject This article examines the economic relations of economic entities regarding the formation and distribution of profit through the transfer pricing mechanism within a group of associated enterprises.
Fedorova E.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Ecolena@Mail.Ru )
Sheina K.I. Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #34, 2014
The wholesale electricity market includes the bilateral contracts market and the day-ahead market. For generated energy purchase and sale the bilateral contracts market uses both regulated and deregulated prices (for regulated and free bilateral contracts respectively). Over 2013 the regulated contracts have accounted for about 15% of the total transaction volume. In this paper we have checked a hypothesis as to the level of "liberty" of the electricity market. A characteristic feature of a competitive market is that the demand and supply factors determine prices. Therefore, if these factors are significant, the market is competitive. We used such factors as generation and consumption (actual and planned values), margin, a difference between the actual and planned consumption value ("deviation"), oil and gas prices and some climate determinants as demand and supply determinants. We have obtained the data from the official site of the UES System Operator. In our estimation, we used daily data for the period from 2010 to 2013. With a help of regression, we found meaningful determinants. Our conclusion is that such factors as temperature deviation, oil and gas prices, lagged price and dollar exchange rate determine the variation of the resulting indicator by about 80%.
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