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The U.S. Arctic strategy and Russia's national interests

Konyshev V.N. PhD of Political Sciences, Professor of department "Theory & History of International Relations", the St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of department "Theory & History of International Relations", the St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #48, 2012

In the conditions of a competition aggravation for strategic control over the Arctic for Russia it is extremely important to define nature of the relationship with key "players" in the region, including the USA. In the article the issue is considered: whether there is a potential for cooperation with Washington in the Arctic? Or the USA are focused on carrying out a hegemonic and unilateral course in this region


U.S. military strategy in the Arctic and Russia's national security

Konyshev V.N. St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #20, 2014

The article examines the newest trends in the U.S. military strategy in the High North as well as its implications for the Russian Federation's national security. The author makes critical analysis of the U.S. conceptual/doctrinal basis for its military policies in the region. The paper discusses the issue whether the current bias of Washington's Arctic strategy to the use of military/coercive methods and instruments is serious or not. The authors study the effects of the present-day U.S. course on the Russian positions in the region as well as development of the Russian Arctic zone.


Russia's national interests in Arctic: myths and realities

Konyshev V.N. Ph., Professor of Political Science, Department of International Relations Theory & History School of International Relations, St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Ph., Professor of Political Science, Department of International Relations Theory & History School of International Relations, St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #29, 2011

This article examines Russia’s socio-economic, political, military-strategic and ecological interests. It is emphasized that these interests are of long-standing rather than conjuncture nature and they need a constant attention of both the state and the whole society. They should be regularly updated and provided with an adequate normative-legal basis. The authors draw a conclusion that international cooperation rather than confrontation is the preferable option for the region.


Barak Obama’s new military doctrine and Russia’s national interests

Konyshev V.N. Doctor of Political Science, professor of department International Relations Theory & History, St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Doctor of Political Science, professor of department International Relations Theory & History, St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #14, 2012

The new military doctrine of the USA aimed at decrease in level of defensive expenses and the American military presence abroad is analyzed. It has less aggressive character, than at previous doctrines. However cause concern intention of the USA to have unlimited access to global natural resources and ways of their transportation, uncertainty of the American plans concerning the EUROABM, a rate on strengthening fight against "cyber-terrorism" (Russia is accused of being involved in it).


Exploitation of natural resources of Arctic: ways of cooperation of Russia with China in future interests

Konyshev V.N. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of department “Theory and History of International Relations”, the St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of department “Theory and History of International Relations”, the St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #39, 2012

China, as well as some other not Arctic states, raises a claim to exploitation of natural resources of the Arctic. In the future it can lead to a rivalry aggravation with Russia possessing rich resources in the polar region. China Strategy and possible ways of cooperation of China with Russia in the Arctic is analyzed. It is noted that the People's Republic of China possesses considerable financial and economic and scientific and technological potential which can appear the extremely useful to Russia in development of the Arctic.


U.S. ballistic missile defense system and Russia's national security

Subbotin S.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics, Nizhny Novgorod Branch, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( ssubbotin@hse.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2016

Importance The research presents a review of the collective monograph by V.N. Konyshev, A.A. Sergunin and V.I. Shatskaya on the U.S. ballistic missile defense systems.
Objectives I carry out a critical analysis of materials on the U.S. ballistic missile defense systems at the national, regional and global levels.
Methods The review involves the method of analytical deconstruction so to figure out the idea and message of the research in question, its structural specifics, strengths and weaknesses.
Results The authors provided convincing arguments that the U.S. ballistic missile defense system would change the balance of global political powers. The book overviews milestones the U.S. ballistic missile defense policy underwent, its composition, functions, and the role in the military strategy. Illustrating Europe, Middle East, Asia-Pacific Regions and the Arctic, the book investigates the practices of deploying regional ballistic missile defense systems.
Conclusions and Relevance The book makes a serious contribution to research into the U.S. ballistic missile defense systems and its implications for national, regional and global systems of security. The book raises issues that encompass practical, scientific and educational areas. The review emphasizes that the monograph is useful for practitioners, and those who study aspects of national and international security, military strategies of the leading States.


Social mobility in the Russian Arctic

Konyshev V.N. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Subbotin S.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics – Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( sersubb-2@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2017

Importance The article presents our review of the monograph edited by M. Laruelle on the migration processes in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
Objectives We critically evaluate the author's conclusions on the social mobility patterns in the Arctic during the post-Soviet period.
Methods Our review is based on the discourse and source critique.
Results We find out that the book overviews three types of the social mobility in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, i.e. social capital mobility, work in shifts and migration processes among smaller native peoples of the North. The book also examines a considerable change in the social, cultural and ethnic situation in urban areas of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and the origination of the multicultural society in many cities of the Far North. The review also presents some critical comments.
Conclusions and Relevance The book may be informative for those working in science and education. In particular, the review mentions that the monograph is useful for those who study the contemporary history of the Russian Arctic and current social trends in the regions. Despite certain weaknesses and disputable statements, the book is undoubtedly significant, since it substantially contributes to the development of the global studies into the Arctic.


Contemporary military strategy of Norway in the Arctic and the security of Russia

Konyshev V.N. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2017

Importance The article examines the specifics of Norway's contemporary military strategy in the Arctic.
Objectives The research evaluates strategic plans of Norway, key areas of military construction, priorities of international military cooperation and capabilities of the Norwegian armed forces for achieving goals in the Arctic.
Results The article shows the duality of the Norwegian strategy. On the one hand, the strategy supports anti-Russian trends and fits into the global containment between Russia and the USA, which is seen in the Arctic. On the other hand, Norway has a long cooperation history with Russia, thus being interested to continue the cooperation in the long run. The Ukrainian crisis aggravated the cooling trend in relationships between Norway and Russia. The armed forces of Norway are being modernized, with the scale of military construction showing the growing significance of the Arctic for defense policies. However, the defensive capabilities of Norway have not yet altered the balance of powers in the Arctic. The country focuses on integrating military policies of the Nordic countries as part of NORDEFCO and NATO.
Conclusions and Relevance The military strategy of Norway will be teetering between the anti?Russian inclination and the military cooperation with Russia. The anti-Russian rhetoric of Norway is more reserved as compared with other Arctic countries. The possible deployment of armed forces in the Arctic does not pose a threat to Russia's national security so far.


The future of the military policy of Donald Trump

Konyshev V.N. Saint-Petersburg State University (SPbSU), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Saint-Petersburg State University (SPbSU), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #12, 2018

Subject The article examines the state and prospects of the U.S. military policy during the presidency of D. Trump.
Objectives The research determines political, institutional and strategic factors, which shape the U.S. military policy promoted by the Trump Administration, and investigates what makes the policy distinctive.
Methods We analyze doctrinal documents guiding the U.S. military policy, the 2019 budget of the U.S. Department of Defense and experts' views. The research also employs methods of logic and comparative analysis.
Results We found common and differing aspects in doctrinal principles of the Obama and Trump security policies, key parameters of the Trump military doctrine, specifics of funding the Department of Defense and evolution of the U.S. military policy in the nearest future.
Conclusions and Relevance The Trump Administration demonstrates the consistency in following the military strategy pursuing the U.S. hegemony worldwide and control over maritime routes in the Persian Gulf – Indian Ocean – South China Sea – East China Sea. What distinguishes the current strategy from Obama's one is that it involves other tools for attaining strategic goals. D. Trump failed to subdue the anti-Russian tendency in the U.S. foreign policy. The USA considers Russia, China, Iran and North Korea as the main sources of military threats. D. Trump denied to reduce the military budget, which is earmarked to accelerate the retrofitting of military forces and gain the global military supremacy. The nuclear triad modernization programs undermine the strategic stability in the U.S.–Russian relations.


Prospects of developing the U.S. national anti-ballistic missile defense system

Konyshev V.N. St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #33, 2015

Importance The US withdrawal from the 1972 ABM Treaty triggered fast development and deployment of the US national anti-missile system. The cooling in relations between Russia and the USA and the West as a whole terminated the ABM talks. However, lost control over this sector may undermine strategic stability globally and bilaterally.
     Objectives The research examines the US policy for increasing capabilities of the national ABM system and its implications for Russia's security. The objective of the research is to analyze the role of the ABM system in the US strategy and evaluate the efficiency of some parts of the US ABM system, real achievements and problems the USA faced, and determine rising threats for Russia's security and find possible remedies.
     Results We demonstrate that the US military strategy implies further development of the ABM system, which is regarded as a part of the new strategic triad, i.e. high precision weapons - nuclear weapons - the ABM system.
     Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that, in the foreseeable future, the US ABM system will not be able to defend its territory from the Russian Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles that have split-up warheads and the anti-missile defense penetration system. Russia should find an approach to resume talks with the USA on confidence building measures in relation to the ABM, without politicizing the issues too much. It is necessary to strengthen the Northern and Pacific fleets, missile attack warning systems around Russia and develop the ABM penetration technologies.


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