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Tools for the development of digital technologies in the public sector

Popov E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( epopov@mail.ru )

Semyachkov K.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( k.semyachkov@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #9, 2019

Subject This article considers and discusses the tools for the development of digital technologies in the public sector, organizational structures and processes, institutional mechanisms, and the socio-economic context.
Objectives The article aims to systematize the tools of digital development in public administration, and develop approaches to evaluation of digital technology development in the public sector.
Results The article analyzes the use of digital technologies at the federal, regional and local levels of public administration and shows the trends in Information and Communication Technologies use in the public sector. It offers an integrated index of public sector IT development and represents a model of digital economy development in the public sector. This model was tested on the statistical data of Russian regions.
Conclusions Innovative and rational use of digital technologies becomes the basis for creating a single economic and information space. It shall help implement economic and social development strategies. Development and implementation of models of evaluation of digital technologies development in the public sector gives an opportunity to improve the quality of public administration.


Tools for the development of digital technologies in the public sector

Popov E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( epopov@mail.ru )

Semyachkov K.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( k.semyachkov@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #7, 2018

Importance This article considers and discusses the tools for the development of digital technologies in the public sector, organizational structures and processes, institutional mechanisms, and the socio-economic context.
Objectives The article aims to systematize the tools of digital development in public administration, and develop approaches to evaluation of digital technology development in the public sector.
Results The article analyzes the use of digital technologies at the federal, regional and local levels of public administration and shows the trends in Information and Communication Technologies use in the public sector. It offers an integrated index of public sector IT development and represents a model of digital economy development in the public sector. This model was tested on the statistical data of Russian regions.
Conclusions Innovative and rational use of digital technologies becomes the basis for creating a single economic and information space. It shall help implement economic and social development strategies. Development and implementation of models of evaluation of digital technologies development in the public sector gives an opportunity to improve the quality of public administration.


Assessing the impact of information and communication technologies on innovative activity of regions

Popov E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( epopov@mail.ru )

Semyachkov K.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( k.semyachkov@mail.ru )

Simonova V.L. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( jet-Russia@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #46, 2016

Importance The article considers mechanisms to assess the impact of information and communication technologies (ICT) on a number of significant indicators of economic and innovative development of regions.
Objectives The main objective of the research is to develop a technique and analyze correlations and dependencies between growth rates of informatization in regions and a number of their economic and innovation indicators.
Methods The paper offers an integrated indicator of economy informatization, which includes major indicators applied in international and Russian studies to analyze the development of information and communication technologies. We created econometric models to examine the efficiency of ICT application in regions of the Russian Federation.
Results Based on obtained statistical results, we established correlation dependencies testifying that the ICT development is an important factor, which has an impact on economic growth and innovative activity in regions.
Conclusions Innovative and rational application of ICT will become a basis of creating the integrated economic and information space, both in Russian regions, and in the country in general. Practical implementation of models for assessing the impact of informatization on the economy of regions enables to formulate priorities to choose factors that increase regions' competitive ability.


Seven development priorities of smart cities

Popov E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE UB RAS), Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( epopov@mail.ru )

Semyachkov K.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE UB RAS), Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( k.semyachkov@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2020

Subject The study delves into the development of smart cities whose socio-economic systems operate efficiently through advanced digital technologies.
Objectives We prioritize a sequence of actions to develop smart cities through the institutional modeling of development phases of the digital society.
Methods Research is based on the logic systems analysis of previous studies, pointing out development priorities of smart cities and referring to our own findings on the institutional modeling of business operations.
Results The article presents our model of priorities we propose to follow in order to develop a smart city (7I model). We enlist priorities underlying the development of smart cities, such as engineering infrastructure, institutions, communications and connection, data integration, interaction of users and technological systems, innovation, use of innovations in the smart city components. The priorities are determined to rely upon advanced digital technologies and their applications, such as Big Data processing, cloud technology, digital platforms, Blockchain technology, equity economy procedures, crowdsourcing, Internet of Things, etc.
Conclusions and Relevance The development of smart cities echoes national interests of States as they strive to create the digital society and ensure the security of life in the era of digital technologies.


Digital potential of the enterprise

Popov E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( epopov@mail.ru )

Semyachkov K.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( k.semyachkov@mail.ru )

Moskalenko Yu.A. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( justinfx@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2019

Subject Digitalization of economy necessitates new models for assessing the capabilities of enterprises to use advanced information and communication technologies. Therefore, it is important to scrutinize economic relations between business entities in terms of applying digital technologies within the activities of individual enterprises.
Objectives Our purpose is to introduce the concept of digital potential of the enterprise and develop possible methods for its quantification.
Methods The study employs general scientific methods of research.
Results We present our own methodology for assessing the digital potential of an enterprise based on the adaptation of the Networked Readiness Index and the global ICT Development Index for mini-economic level of management. The paper includes methods to measure the indicators of enterprise digital capacity as a percentage of the maximum level and methods to measure the parameters of these indicators on a percentage basis and in binary units. We considered a large holding company operating in the distribution system and made an empirical assessment of its level of digital potential application.
Conclusions Introducing the concept of enterprise digital potential and a methodology for its measurement will provide the management of enterprises with effective tools enabling to analyze and develop the use of advanced information and communication technologies.


Differentiated pricing in the sharing economy

Popov E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( epopov@mail.ru )

Derbeneva V.V. Ural Federal University named after First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( derbeneva_v@bk.ru )

Semyachkov K.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( k.semyachkov@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #7, 2019

Subject The emergence and rapid growth of the sharing economy stem from digital platforms of shared access. Such platforms significantly influence all the phases of resource exchange between business entities, making them use digital platforms to render sharing economy services.
Objectives We systematize differentiated approaches to pricing for sharing economy services and identify key pricing factors.
Methods The study involves methods of logic analysis and systemic representation of various pricing methods.
Results The article illustrates the specifics of pricing in shared use platforms and differentiates four types of services, i.e. transport, hospitality and lodging, labor market, rent of commodities. We make a comparison of costs and key pricing factors of traditional business forms and business models of the sharing economy based on digital platforms. We systematize pricing approaches in a new way, making the framework for evaluating financial services of the sharing economy. Knowledge is multiplied as the pricing theory unfolds in the sharing economy. The article demonstrates that it is possible to monetize incompletely utilized resources held by the people in various aspects of the sharing economy. We also show subsequent changes in economic relationships.
Conclusions and Relevance Analyzing the data, we conclude that digital platforms do influence prices. Thus, we formulate concepts of direct and indirect pricing effects digital platforms have, systematize pricing effects in the analyzable aspects of the economy.


Priorities of economic policy for the development of the digital economy

Popov E.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( epopov@mail.ru )

Semyachkov K.A. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( k.semyachkov@mail.ru )

Fairuzova D.Yu. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (UrFU), Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( fayruzovadian@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2019

Subject The study focuses on economic relations among authorities, economic agents and people in implementing digital technologies and raising up the digital society.
Objectives The study systematizes priorities of economic policy for the development of the digital economy, which underlies a set of measures and actions the government undertakes to make and implement macroeconomic decisions for creating the digital society.
Methods We apply the logic systems approach to analyzing published data. The pool of analyzable data includes websites of national governments that perform promising projects for implementing digital technologies.
Results Analyzing the data, we note that various countries form the digital society goals pursuing rather different goals. The United Kingdom strives to gain global leadership in cyber space, while Germany focuses on digital production. China tries to take lead in high-tech production. The USA is interested in international trade, while Japan aspires to create the human-oriented digital society. The article describes the current program-based activities for raising up the digital society in some countries, such as Singapore, United Kingdom, USA, China, Germany, Japan.
Conclusions and Relevance The Russian Federation implements the most holistic program for developing the digital economy. The Russian program is intended to provide for the knowledge-driven society, raise the public awareness and digital literacy, wellbeing and quality of living, make public services more accessible and robust, and ensure the national security domestically and globally.


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