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The value of property and financial policy of Nicholas II, Emperor of All Russia

Fetisov V.D. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod – National Research University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisov21@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #4, 2016

Subject The article considers the assessment of property and financial policy of Nicholas II, the last Emperor of Russia.
     Objectives The study aims to determine the size and structure of property value of Nicholas II, describe the implication and focal points of the financial policy he pursued, reveal its connection with the collapse of the Russian Empire, and analyze lessons of the past in the contemporary development of public administration in Russia.
     Methods I employ logical, analytical, system, historical and economic methods. Fact-based materials include works of domestic and foreign scientists, memoirs of eyewitnesses and people of the inner circle of the Romanovs, and statistical documents of the Russian Empire. The secrecy of data about property and finance of the Royal family complicated the study.
     Results The findings show that the existing appraisals of the Royal property are groundless. The paper describes the cost structure and the role of property in the life of the royal family, the influence of financial policy on the fate and fortunes of Nicholas II and the Russian Empire, and presents recommendations on transforming the modern financial management based on the historical experience.
     Conclusions The huge property value and the financial policy of Nicholas II to a very large extent underly the collapse of the Romanov family and the Russian Empire. It is important to consider lessons learned for positive development of modern Russia.


Finance of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia

Fetisov V.D. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisov21@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #24, 2016

Importance The pending centenary of the end of the Romanov dynasty reign increases the interest in financial activities of the Royal family. The role of Empress Alexandra Feоdorovna in finance is of special relevance.
Objectives The article aims to determine the size, cost structure and role of finance of Alexandra Feodorovna, to disclose the nature and focal points of her financial policy and management, to identify their relation to the collapse of the autocracy and the Russian Empire, and to take into account the past experience in today's finance of Russia.
Methods The article employs logical, analytical, systematic, historical and economic research methods to determine the basics of finance of Alexandra Feodorovna.
Results I present my own concept of finance of Alexandra Feodorovna, reveal the cost structure and the role of finances of the Empress in the life of the Royal family and Russia as a whole, show the main areas, specifics and impact of financial activity of the Empress on the fate of the autocracy and the Russian Empire, and make recommendations for improving the modern financial management based on the experience of the Russian Empress.
Conclusions The Russian Empress was one of the richest women in the world, and, in fact, a top manager of Royal finances. However, the foreign and especially German orientation and the shadow nature of her financial activities had a negative impact on the Romanov dynasty and the Russian Empire. However, her experience is important for positive development of modern Russia.


A process approach to defining the retail banking business

Chernikova L.I. Russian State University of Tourism and Services, Moscow, Russian Federation ( tariff2004@mail.ru )

Faizova G.R. Russian State University of Tourism and Services, Moscow, Russian Federation ( guzel_faizova@mail.ru )

Romanov S.V. University of Management "TISBI", Naberezhnye Chelny branch, Naberezhnye Chelny, Russian Federation ( simon.romanov@gmail.com )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #5, 2015

Currently, the retail segment of the banking business is one of the most important areas of commercial banks functioning. It is characterized by high yield, rather rapid growth of retail portfolios, active introduction of innovative products and services, focus on meeting the needs of customers and enhancing their service quality, improving the culture of financial product consumption of the public, active use of marketing campaigns, partnerships, loyalty and discount programs, and representation of banks on the Internet and in social media. Each bank individually determines its behavior and development strategy in the retail banking market, the customers it will serve, and the range of products and services it will implement and promote. The article deals with the definition of the "retail banking business" term in terms of the process approach. The authors emphasize that there may not be a single approach to the definition of the "retail banking" concept in the banking sector. The definition of retail banking is unique for each bank and depends only on bank's specifics purposes of its mission in the market. However, customer service would always be the basis of the phenomenon. At present, the retail banking market is ready to offer a diverse range of products and services. There are many different classifications of retail banking services in training materials on banking, and each classification depends on its purpose and approach to its implementation. The article presents the most detailed classification of products and services of the retail banking business.


Ideas of reinstitutialization of economics and national security issues

Romanov V.N. Ph. D., professor of chair «the Economy and Management», Ulyanovsk State Technical University ( t.shubina@ulstu.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #21, 2011

The most common political-ideological aspects of socio-economic modernization carried out in Russia are reviewed in the article.


Essence of the market as a category of social philosophy

Romanov V.N. Ph. D., professor of department «the Social disciplines», Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University ( t.shubina@ulstu.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #45, 2011

In the article there are considered some theoretical issues of economic theories, building civil society and local paradigms of national security.


Investment in sociality as a contribution to the modernization of the economy

Romanov V.N. Doctor of Philosophy sciences, professor of department “Social disciplines” , Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University ( t.shubina@ulstu.ru )

Shubina Т.N. Graduate student of department “Economics and production organization”, Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University ( t.shubina@ulstu.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #8, 2012

Some theoretical questions of social dimensions in economic theories are considered in the article.


Property management of mining enterprises in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Romanov E.R. Graduate of department "Management of Mining and Geology branch" of Finance and Economics Institute, North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov ( RER_77@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #20, 2012

The article deals with the property management of mining enterprises in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the main causes of inefficient management of state property for privatization of the mining industry are identified. The main shortcoming, according to the author is inconsistency of the purposes of privatization and strategic objectives of the enterprise.


Valuation of the oil and gas company in line with risk factors: Evidence from Gazpromneft

Vedmed' I.Yu. Ural Federal University named after The First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( ivedmed@yandex.ru )

Sokolovskaya G.R. Ural Federal University named after The First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( soko-galina@yandex.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #41, 2016

Importance The valuation of Gazpromneft Group will reflect the development of the respective economic sector. However, if risk factors are taken into consideration, it will show possible fluctuation of the business value, depending on various external threats. In this respect, we can evaluate the development prospects of the group and the industry as a whole.
Objectives The research determines the extent to which risk factors influence the business value of Gazpromneft Group by adding the risk-based aspect to the existing business valuation technique.
Methods We applied logic, cause-and-effect, comparative, scenario analysis, and simulation modeling. To appraise the business value without risk factors taken into account, we resorted to V.S. Romanov's methods, modified business valuation scheme through discounted cash flows.
Results We appraised the current business value without risk factors taken into consideration and reviewed principal threats that influence business financials. Having analyzed the latter, we found certain aspects that were the most susceptible to risk factors. The article sets out three scenarios arising from an impact of risk factors. Each type was verified with 1,000 tests.
Conclusions and Relevance The article indicates aspects that are the most vulnerable to risk. Having modeled risk factors, we measured the risk-based business value and described it in line with the three scenarios. To keep the business value, probable threats should be taken into consideration, with risk management measures in place.


Forecasting the flow of patients to medical organizations in the region depending on the patient's needs in medical services and priorities

Lyapin V.A. Novosibirsk Research Hygiene Institute of the Russian Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing (Novosibirsk Research Hygiene Institute of Rospotrebnadzor), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( v.a.liapin@mail.ru )

Kulikova O.M. Novosibirsk Research Hygiene Institute of the Russian Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing (Novosibirsk Research Hygiene Institute of Rospotrebnadzor), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( ya.aaaaa11@yandex.ru )

Usacheva E.V. Omsk State Medical University of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation (OmSMU MOH Russia), Omsk, Russian Federation ( elenav.usacheva@yandex.ru )

Romanov A.A. Municipal Polyclinic № 4, Omsk, Russian Federation ( romanoff74@bk.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #6, 2019

Subject This article deals with the issues of formation of and changes in the flow of patients to the medical organizations of the region.
Objectives The article aims to develop a model of patient flow formation in medical organizations of the region, which takes into account the patient's priorities in choosing the method and conditions of medical services, and the disease stage and severity.
Methods The initial data of the research are determined on the basis of expert information, patient interviews, and a statistical data and literature sources analysis. A chronic non-communicable disease has been selected for simulation. For the study, we used simulation and Markov processes with discrete time.
Results The article presents a developed simulation model, which can help predict the patient flow intensity in time cycles and plan and use resources of medical organizations of the region.
Conclusions The flow rate of patients determines the need of medical organizations in financial resources. On the basis of the performed modeling, the problem of improvement of funding of medical organizations can be solved and the workload of various parts of the health care system can be predicted. The developed model contributes to making more precise and effective decisions concerning the planning of resource supply of health care and improving the financial stability of the medical organization.


Evaluation of the influence of institutional factors on the capital structure of the corporation

Ryabova E.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics - Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( eryabova@hse.ru )

Romanov S.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics - Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( sromanov@kpmg.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #10, 2015

Importance The experience of foreign and Russian empirical studies devoted to the corporation capital structure proves that one of the main drawbacks of the models suggested by different authors is their relatively poor explanatory power. Some of the authors associate this phenomenon with high impact of uncertainty in the process of company's selection of sources of financing. It is associated with the fact that institutional factors, which are able to influence the process of sources of financing selection, are insufficiently addressed.
     Objectives The present research evaluates institutional factors' impact on the industry's and company's leverage. Based on the identified significant dynamic factors and an array of specific determinants, we attempted to develop dynamic models to assess the company's financial leverage.
     Methods An evaluation and feasibility study of the most significant institutional factors which are able to impact financial leverage in the industry was carried out with the aid of econometric instruments. A review of foreign and Russian researches devoted to the topic was conducted in order to select and substantiate specific factors. At the same time, in the present study, we used general scientific methods, such as analysis, synthesis, deduction and modeling.
     Results Firstly, present study proves an impact of institutional determinants on the industry leverage through the case study of the Russian companies. Secondly, we proposed a model, which takes into account the mechanism of dynamic adaptation of companies' leverage level, which assumes simultaneous consideration of both institutional and specific factors.
     Conclusions and Relevance From a practical standpoint, the obtained models allow not only describing the companies' behavior when taking financial decisions, but also they can be used for predicting their capital structure.


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