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On methodological approaches to assess the contribution of types of economic activity to economic development

Rafikova N.T. Bashkir State Agrarian University, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( rafikova163@rambler.ru )

Trofimchuk T.S. Bashkir Cooperative Institute (Branch) of Russian University of Cooperation, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( trofimtimur@mail.ru )

Trofimchuk A.S. OOO RN Ufa NIPIneft, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( Aleksandr-Trm@rambler.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #3, 2018

Importance The article investigates gross value added by type of economic activity and economy, in general.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to improve the methodology for assessing the contribution of economic activities to economy.
Methods The study employs a set of methods of statistics, i.e. groupings, average and relative values, structure, dynamics, indices.
Results We consider the methodological aspects of assessing the contribution of types of economic activity to formation of economy's gross value added, identify estimates characterizing the condition of types of production activities and their contribution to economic development. We offer using the methods of statistics that take into account structural changes in separate stages of development. The paper analyzes trends in gross value added by types of economic activity and the entire economy of the country, investigates ratios of average annual rates of the changes that are calculated using the geometric average formula.
Conclusions The modern strategy of economic development should rest on accelerated development of manufacturing industries, mining, and agriculture through optimizing the balance between manufacture, production, domestic consumption and export.


Specifics and analysis results of livestock products cost in modern conditions

Rafikova N.T. Bashkir State Agrarian University (BSAU), Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( rafikova163@rambler.ru )

Bakirova R.R. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Ufa Branch, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( stat69@mail.ru )

Khazieva A.M. Bashkir State Agrarian University (BSAU), Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( Energy_girl_88@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #8, 2019

Subject The article discusses quantitative and qualitative characteristics and methodological aspects related to the study of livestock production costs in the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Objectives The aim is to improve the analysis of costs of livestock production in modern conditions.
Methods The study employs various principles of scientific knowledge and the systems analysis. It rests on the case of agricultural organizations of the Republic of Bashkortostan, using the methods to analyze the structure and trends, average and relative values, indexes, groups, tables and graphs.
Results We review factors affecting the livestock production costs, taking into account the directions for the livestock production development, provide a comprehensive assessment of the impact of changes in and structure of costs on changes in cost price, as well as the impact of the rate of resource consumption and prices on changes in cost for individual items. The study shows that the best estimates can be provided by a comparative analysis of average annual rate of dynamics and structure of production costs and the analysis of implementation stages of government programs for agriculture development.
Conclusions It is crucial to monitor and audit agricultural expenses, energy tariffs, and perform a comprehensive analysis of production costs.


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