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Small business development: the trends and situation in the economy of the Tambov region

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( galina2011.popova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #15, 2014

The article presents an analysis of the small business development in the Tambov region. The study includes a comparison of the branch structures of small businesses abroad, on the average in Russia and in the Tambov region. The author evaluates the dynamics of gross value added by structural branches. The evaluation of the business development trends in the region is based on the analysis of the indicators describing the financial condition of the companies. The paper submits the forecast of the business development in the region that is based on the regression models.


Credit and default swaps as shock-absorbers of financial crisis in Eurozone

Popova U.U. Graduate Student, the Department of Financial and Economic Engineering, the Rostov State Economic University ( Popova.Jullia@gmail.com )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #28, 2013

The cost of swaps of a credit default is some kind of indicator of a condition of this or that country, reflecting probability of a default of this or that economy. So, the cost of swaps of a credit default of Greece started increasing long before an aggravation of debt problems in this country and growth of cost of its sovereign bonds. This market was considerably reduced recently: The European Union approved the multilateral transaction in order to avoid the Greek default.


Analysis of differentiation of tax revenues to the regional budgets of the Russian Federation

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( galina2011.popova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #33, 2014

The problem of the differentiation of socio-economic development of the regions is topical not only for Russia but for many countries of the world as well. The territorial development differences appear through a set of indicators of social, economic, financial, and environmental development of the territories. The article analyzes the differentiation of territories' development in terms of the volume of taxes, charges, and other mandatory payments in the consolidated budget of the Russian Federation. The author provides an assessment of tax revenues differentiation by federal districts of the Russian Federation on the basis of the system of statistical indicators. The study includes a graphical and tabular analysis and building tax revenue regression models.


Factors driving the credit-linked derivatives market development

Nalivaiskii V.Yu. Rostov State Economic University (RINH), Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( Popova.Jullia@gmail.com )

Popova Yu.Yu. Rostov State Economic University (RINH), Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( Popova.Jullia@gmail.com )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #15, 2015

Importance The history of the Russian mortgage-backed securities market has thirty issues. The use of receipts for bonds issue increases significantly. Mortgage-backed securities do not generate considerable interest of investors, as there are no clearly defined risk-limiting conditions. A major deterrent for potential investors is insufficient liquidity of the secondary market of mortgage-backed bonds. Nevertheless, the development of this segment of the financial market will enable to make qualitative improvements of the market infrastructure. It will also serve as a precondition for increasing the liquidity level in the banking sector in particular.
     Objectives The objective of the study is to identify conditions and factors contributing to the development of the Russian credit-linked derivatives market. Furthermore, an important task is to specify the development constraints of the use of derivative financial instruments designed to transfer the credit risk in the interbank market.
     Methods We analyzed statistical data of Russian and foreign banking institutions to assess the nature, dynamics and quality of the emerging market of securitized assets as part of the Russian financial market and banking sector.
     Results We disclosed a number of factors contributing to the credit-linked derivatives market development in the existing conditions of the Russian economy. We described constraints and identified possible ways of the market development, as well as leveling the constraints in practice.
     Conclusions and Relevance At present, low liquidity of mortgage-backed bonds is a major obstacle for investors. As a result, there are few active participants in this segment. Increasing the liquidity of the secondary market of mortgage-backed securities is a prerequisite to attract both local and foreign investors to this market. It is crucial to provide higher premiums for IPOs, to reduce discounts on mortgage-backed securities in the REPO list of the Bank of Russia; to introduce a tax regime for mortgage-backed securities; to standardize requirements for mortgage loans in the pool of mortgages; to provide partial State guarantees for mortgage-backed securities that are issued by a party other than AHML. To support securitization development, it is reasonable to establish a fund to support the secondary securities market capable to function as a market maker and provide bilateral quotations for securities that are issued according to standard requirements.


System approach to assessment of solvency of bank borrowers

Popova O.V. Doctor of Economics, Professor of Department “Finance, Investment and Credit», the Orel State Agrarian University ( olga_v_popova@mail.ru )

Dolgova S.A. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of Department «Finance, Investment and Credit», the Orel State Agrarian University ( s_a_dolgova@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #17, 2013

In assessing the viability of bank borrowers a key focus of their financial situation. Financial assessment is based on the calculation of financial ratios are, first, static, and secondly, do not take into account features of the reproduction process of individual sectors of the economy that does not allow banks to assess the condition of the borrower in the future. This article proposes a methodological approach to the assessment of the consistency of bank borrowers, adapted to the specific characteristics of the agricultural sector, based on a systematic analysis of the financial statements.


Crises and taxes and charges payable in the regions of the Central Federal District

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( galina2011.popova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #11, 2016

Importance Crisis processes of 2009 and 2014 have different nature and behavior. The article analyzes the formation of tax debt depending on economic activity in regions.
Objectives The objective of the study is to review trends in tax liabilities during crisis.
Methods The study employs methods of systems research (analysis and synthesis) and economic and statistical analysis.
Results In 2009, taxes and charges in arrears per one employed were higher than in 2014. I identified the relationship in the formation of arrears based on economic activity, which was not observed in 2009. Multifaceted classifications of regions by economic activities, which were built for the years under investigation, had significant differences.
Conclusions and Relevance During crises, there were significant differences in the formation of tax liabilities in the regions of the Central Federal District. The study reveals amplification of differentiation between regions.


Crises and taxes and charges payable in the regions of the Central Federal District

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( galina2011.popova@yandex.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #11, 2018

Subject The crisis processes of 2009 and 2014 have different nature and behavior. The article analyzes the formation of tax debt depending on economic activity in regions.
Objectives The objective of the study is to review trends in tax liabilities during crisis.
Methods The study employs methods of systems research (analysis and synthesis) and economic and statistical analysis.
Results In 2009, taxes and charges in arrears per one employed person were higher than in 2014. I identified the relationship in the formation of arrears based on economic activity, which was not observed in 2009. Multifaceted classifications of regions by economic activities, which were built for the years under investigation, had significant differences.
Conclusions and Relevance During crises, there were significant differences in the formation of tax liabilities in the regions of the Central Federal District. The study reveals amplification of differentiation between regions.


Innovations and sectoral structure of regional economy: Analysis of reciprocal influence

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( galina2011.popova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2018

Subject Innovations are changing the society. They adjust requirements for the composition of labor force, level of education, availability of information and the need to update it, etc. The consequence of innovative development is economic growth, formation of preconditions for structural changes in the economy.
Objectives The aim is to assess the impact of innovation component in the sectoral structure on the economic development of territories.
Methods The study rests on methods of descriptive statistics, multidimensional classification, and regression analysis.
Results The paper presents a comparative analysis of the share of innovative goods in the total volume of production in the regions of the Central Federal District in 2010 and 2016. When constructing a regression model of gross regional product per capita, I revealed strong impact of innovative product manufacturing on its growth.
Conclusions The findings enable to supplement the information on specifics of sectoral development of regional economy and may be useful for regional innovation policy development.


A statistical analysis of the development of small business in the Tambov oblast

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( galina2011.popova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #12, 2016

Subject The subject of research is the small business in the Tambov oblast and issues of the effectiveness of the measures aimed at its development.
Objectives The paper aims to analyze the change in number of small businesses located in the territory of the Tambov oblast for the period of 1998–2014.
Methods For the analysis, I used a systems approach and econometric methods of research.
Results The work assesses the effectiveness of the impact of Government regulation on the growth of enterprises in the Tambov oblast. As well, the work performs a correlation and regression analysis of the factors affecting the development of small businesses. The article presents the forecast number of small business enterprises.
Conclusions I conclude that the Government regulation measures have had a positive influence on the development of small businesses in 2007–2010. However, in subsequent years, the positive effect was weakened due to changes in the socio-economic environment of the oblast, the introduction of a number of legislative acts and adoption of certain amendments in the legislation.


An analysis of migration processes: The Tambov oblast case study

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( galina2011.popova@yandex.ru )

Bondarskaya T.A. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( ovbtgtu@mail.ru )

Bondarskaya O.V. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation ( ovbtgtu@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #7, 2017

Subject The article explores the problems that accompany and intensify migration processes. The migration analysis covers the statistical data of the Tambov oblast.
Objectives The article aims to analyze the change and patterns of migration of the population of the Tambov oblast, and identify factors that have had a negative impact on migration processes.
Methods For the study, we used systems, coefficient, structural, graphical, and regression analyses. We consider the statistics data for the period from 1990 to 2015.
Results The article presents the results of the study on the change in the number of permanent population and the impact of migration on it. As well, it shows the results of a comparative analysis of the migration processes that took place in 2010 and 2015 and the impact of key factors on them.
Conclusions We conclude that there were active migration processes creating a negative migration balance in the Tambov oblast in 2015. One of the causes of population attrition is the prevailing labor market situation.


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