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Conceptual bases of information policy in the demographic sphere

Bagirova A.P. Ural Federal University named after first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( a.p.bagirova@urfu.ru )

Shubat O.M. Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( o.m.shubat@urfu.ru )

Polushkina I.V. Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( i.v.polushkina@urfu.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #19, 2014

The article presents fundamentals of complete information policy directed on activation of parental labor. The authors reveal the purposes and task, objects, ideas and the principles of realization, the potential subject of its implementation. The paper proves that promotion of ideas of information policy can be most effectively realized through system of two social institutes: mass media and education institute.


The estimation of the reproductive situation in cities of the Ural-Siberian region and the strategy of its development

Pshenichnikova M.M. the director of a branch, Ural state technical university named after the first President of Russia B.N.Eltsin, Alapaevsk ( psh-margarita@mail.ru )

Polushkina I.V. the senior teacher, Ural state technical university named after the first President of Russia B.N.Eltsin, Alapaevsk ( Irpolu@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #32, 2009

Monitoring of the demographic program in strategically important east regions of the country has shown, that measures on birth rate stimulation bring a certain positive effect. But it is obvious that populational potential of cities with the population over 100 thousand persons where lives about half of inhabitants of the Ural-Siberian macroregion is not used. Meanwhile in these cities there is the greatest increase in reproductive indicators. It is offered to return to practice of differentiation of measures on birth rate stimulation in east regions of Russia, first of all with the population from 100 to 500 thousand persons.


The analysis of population activity of the citizens of a city Method wave reprodinamic

Pshenichnikova M.M. the director of a branch, Ural state technical university named after the first President of Russia B.N.Eltsin, Alapaevsk ( psh-margarita@mail.ru )

Polushkina I.V. the senior teacher, Ural state technical university named after the first President of Russia B.N.Eltsin, Alapaevsk ( Irpolu@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #35, 2009

The situation estimation in reproductive sphere of a city (on an example of Alapaevsk) has shown, that in quantitative aspect of action of the demographic program have provided in 2007-2008 appreciable growth of intensity of reproductive process. The condition of health of newborns remains low: though some improvement of their health these years is marked, absolutely healthy children are not present in general. Cyclic character of the wave reprodinamic activity of population with the tendency to increase «semicycle level» is revealed. Wider use of methods wave reprodinamic for the analysis of short reproductive cycles is recommended, and also at monitoring of a reproductive situation. The basic directions of the further development of researches in sphere reprodinamic activity of the population of cities with the population to 100 thousand inhabitants which prevail in Russia are planned.


Uncontrolled consumption as a consequence of the off-duty time standard increase

Buzmakova M.V. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( webdirect@nm.ru )

Polushkina I.N. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( poirinic@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #5, 2017

Subject The article considers the problem of consumption in developed countries as a factor generated by the current development of the productive forces. The paper maintains criticism of consumerism, peculiar to the modern economic system, as the downside of increasing free time standards. It reveals the growing problem of environmental pressure on natural resources in the world and raises a question of controlled consumption.
Objectives The paper aims to identify the current trends in the development of production and consumption, determine the extent of consumerism and its adverse effects on the vital activity and ecosystem, raise the issue of controlled consumption.
Methods For the study, we used economic-mathematical and statistical and economic analyses.
Results The paper identifies the current trends in production and consumption patterns, defines the load of running consumerism on the ecosystem of the world economy, makes a strong case for the necessity of controlled consumption in developed countries at the present time.
Conclusions The paper concludes that to reduce the environmental stress on natural resources of the world economy, the joint efforts of developed countries to monitor consumption are required.


Developing the system of State regulation of agriculture at the regional level: A conceptual framework

Polushkina T.M. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( polushkinatm@gmail.com )

Pronina Yu.Yu. Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation ( chastuhina@mail.ru )

Dubina G.I. Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation ( gulja0302@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #1, 2019

Subject The article considers the issues of State regulation of agriculture.
Objectives The purpose is to formulate priorities of State regulation on the basis of modern and prospective methods of researching the system processes in the sector.
Methods For the study, we applied SWOT analysis, modeling, scientific abstraction, and graphic presentation.
Results We present an algorithm to formulate the development concept of the system of State regulation of agriculture, define factors influencing the decision-making when choosing the tools of State regulation, and possible strategic problems. The SWOT analysis of agriculture of the Penza Oblast and Republic of Mordovia helped reveal prospective methods of State regulation of the sector.
Conclusions In the course of decision-making on strategies for agriculture development, it is important to consider strengths and weaknesses of the branch, the opportunities and threats of external factors, to identify zones of interaction of internal and external factors, and on the basis of estimates of the said interaction to develop specific tools to regulate the development of agriculture.


Ensuring the food security of the Russian Federation amid new challenges and threats

Polushkina T.M. Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( polushkinatm@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #41, 2015

Importance The article overviews the issues of food security in Russia during new challenges and threats and substantiates a growing role of the State in ensuring it.
     Objectives The research pursues the identifying and substantiating priority mechanisms for the State regulation of macro- and microeconomic processes in agriculture, relying upon global expertise in national food security, agricultural development, WTO requirements to supporting such development in terms of the current socio-economic situation in the Russian Federation.
     Methods The research draws upon a content analysis of data pertaining to the Federal State Statistics Services, regulatory and program documents, analytical reports by the Russian Ministry of Agriculture. Theoretical sources were systematized concurrently with processing statistical data on agricultural development, rates of socio-economic indicators of Russia, using special methods.
     Results I substantiated approaches to modifying the State regulation of agricultural development by elaborating a set of agricultural policy tools that meet the WTO requirements. They will ensure food security, boost competitiveness of the agricultural sector and rural income, and diversify agricultural economy and improve the performance of agricultural institutions and infrastructure facilities.
     Conclusions and Relevance Under the new economic circumstances, Russia should remain independent in terms of its food security through the effective use of natural, resource, productive and human potential and robust agricultural policy, using the State aid measures permitted by the WTO as much as possible.


Sustainable development of rural areas through organic agriculture

Polushkina T.M. Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( polushkinatm@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2016

Importance Organic farming principles provide new opportunities for sustainable development of rural areas in the country. It stems from a unique combination of unsophisticated economic methods, relatively liberal situation in the land market, notwithstanding the effective invalidity of the land legislation, considerable, though scarcely involved, human, scientific and technological capabilities.
Objectives The research identifies and substantiates the role of organic agriculture in the development of rural areas so to increase their sustainability. I also determine the premises for its development, and evaluate what role the State plays in the process.
Methods The research involves a systems analysis to identify and substantiate priority mechanisms of the governmental involvement. Theoretical sources were systematized and statistical data on rural development were processed using special-purpose methods.
Results The article indicates it is necessary to devise measures for the government to influence the development of organic farming in terms of production, regulation, exchange and consumption. The measures and their efficacy will determine further development of Russia's rural areas, competitiveness of national goods in the global market, solution of food security issues, and enforcement of the public right for adequate food resources.
Conclusions and Relevance I substantiated my conclusions as to that the State should provide comprehensive support to organic farming, thus ensuring sustainable development of rural areas. The article proves that organic agriculture can become a new niche and lever for Russia, being the cornerstone of sustainable development in rural areas, and the only possible development path, rather than just another option.


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