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Issues, trends and prospects for the development of freight traffic of the Northern Sea Route

Pavlov K.V. Kama Institute of Humanities and Engineering Technology, Izhevsk, Udmurt Republic, Russian Federation ( kvp_ruk@mail.ru )

Selin V.S. Institute for Economic Studies, Kola Science Center of RAS, Apatity, Murmansk Oblast, Russian Federation ( silin@iep.kolasc.net.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #30, 2015

Importance The article examines the issues and prospects of the development of freight traffic on the Northern Sea Route.
     Objectives The paper aims to study the problems related to the operation and development of the freight traffic of the Northern Sea Route.
     Methods We used a systems approach to the study of the conceptual and methodological problems of interaction between State and business structures in the strategic development of infrastructural support for the Northern Sea Route.
     Results We identified the Arctic communications' orientation as mainly of export and transit character. We defined the relationship of the dynamics of global markets of hydrocarbons and the development of maritime traffic and explored the regulation of transport systems and the development of international cooperation, including attracting new marine technologies and equipment. We studied the particular challenges for the development and regulation of the Northern Sea Route in a strategic perspective and determined the main threats to the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and national security for the period up to 2030. The paper proves that the offset of export flow vector, as well as the global Russian Arctic development projects require a well-developed transport infrastructure.
     Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that in the medium and in the strategic prospects (beyond 2030), it is expected to be a large-scale increase in Arctic marine transport, including the Northern Sea Route. We prove that the most important factors in traffic growth will be the rate of increase of demand for hydrocarbons in the most rapidly growing Asia-Pacific market, as well as climate change processes and dynamics of development of the Arctic Shelf. We recommend supporting the construction of a tonnage and modernization of the port infrastructure in the Arctic.


Features of management of ecological and economic systems of suburban areas

Pavlov K.V. Izhevsk Institute of Management, Izhevsk, Russian Federation ( kvp_ruk@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #33, 2014

The article substantiates the rationale for singling out the suburban economy and ecology as a separate direction of the regional science, as well as it determines the peculiarities of the management and regulation of the ecological and economic systems of the suburban areas. This is due to the fact that the types and kinds of the suburban areas are not sufficiently studied. It is true to a much lesser extent than the case of the influence of city on the impact of the socio-economic system of suburban areas, which is analyzed as the "reverse" influence of the economy of the suburbs (especially of the rural ones) at the economy. The peculiarities of the suburban economy in the conditions of formation of market infrastructure have been studied to the lesser degree. Thus, the paper distinguishes a very wide range of the problems: the industrial, social, demographic and environmental ones, which are specific to the suburban areas and which are studied in a totally inadequate manner. This kind of problems, which are caused by socio-economic and environmental characteristics of the suburban areas, as well as the lack of their research, it is advisable, as the author opines to distinguish the so-called suburban economy as a special direction of the general theory of the regional economy (in the same manner as there is the urban economy as a special direction of regional science). This development will contribute to an intensification of the scientific research in the field of the study of the socio-economic and environmental problems of suburban areas. The author emphasizes the importance of the study of the theoretical and practical aspects of the suburban areas management. Thus, taking into account the close link between the socio-economic and ecological systems of the city and suburban district, it is appropriate to give this area the official, the special status of suburban area, with the consequent changes in the system of taxation, the financial-credit sector and other segments of the economy. The development of the socioeconomic model of the suburban area will help to achieve this objective.


A methodological approach to identifying potential clusters in regional economy

Pavlov K.V. Kama Institute of Humanities and Engineering Technology, Izhevsk, Udmurt Republic, Russian Federation ( kvp_ruk@mail.ru )

Rastvortseva S.N. Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russian Federation ( Rastvortseva@bsu.edu.ru )

Cherepovskaya N.A. Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russian Federation ( nata.cher2012@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #10, 2015

Importance The article deals with the cluster approach as one of the most effective ways of development of the regions and the national economy as a whole. However, it is not used properly in the Russian Federation.
     Objectives The goal of the study is to develop a methodological approach to identifying potential clusters in the regional economy.
     Methods The authors used a comparative analysis, as well as economic-statistical methods (including the method of calculating the rate of localization) and the matrix method of pairwise comparison of coefficients of localization.
     Results The author's methodological approach got validated, and it demonstrated its efficiency on statistical publications about developments in the economy of the regions of the Central Federal District. In addition, this methodological approach solved an important practical problem of choice of effective regional economic clusters of the Belgorod region. The proposed approach of identifying potential clusters using a factor of localization revealed the key regional clusters in the Belgorod region, involving more than a quarter of all workers in the region. The authors have reviewed the use of the cluster approach in the economy of the United States (Silicon Valley), Germany, Finland (the cluster associated with the production of timber and the export of high-quality paper, and the cluster that produces equipment for mobile communications and mobile phones). In addition, the authors have analyzed the use of the cluster approach in a number of CIS countries, in particular, in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast and Crimea. The authors show the prospects of cluster policy in the Russian economy. They suggest the method of identifying potential regional clusters, consisting of 3 phases. The study compares the author's method with the Canadian methods and methodology of M. Porter.
     Conclusions and Relevance The methodological approach of identifying potential regional clusters can be used in other constituent entities of the Russian Federation.


A conceptual model for the development of special economic zones in the Russian Federation

Ryl'skaya M.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( marinarylskaya@yandex.ru )

Pavlov P.V. Higher School of Business, South Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Rostov Region, Russian Federation ( pavel.pavlov20@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2015

Importance Improvement of the functioning of administrative and legal systems of the Special Economic Zones is the most important financial and economic problem in the Russian Federation. It is based on a comprehensive analysis of public administration issues in this sector, taking into account the available law enforcement practice in some territories of the Russian Federation to ensure the possibility of full-fledged integration of our country in the global economic relations. Despite the apparent variety of special economic zones, which have been set up in the Russian Federation, their activity has failed to bring any expected benefits until now, and it does not allow occupying the rightful place in the global economy. At the same time, it is obvious that special economic zones enjoy the State-support priority as strategically important territories.
     Objectives Scientific hypothesis of this research lies in the substantiation of the need for creating the special economic zones' development paradigm in the Russian Federation territory. The paper shows that application of conceptual administrative and legal, as well as, financial and economic decisions, which are aimed at improving the special economic zones' functioning, is based on a comprehensive analysis of public administration issues in this field.
     Methods The postulates of a dialectical logic, systems approach, historical and system analyses and syntheses serve as the research's methodological basis. As the research tooling, we used the methods of scientific abstraction, induction and deduction, group methods, and comparison and evaluations, and also the comparative analysis methods.
     Results The findings identify the main directions to implement the designed Special Economic Zones' conceptual model in the Russian Federation, and also propose and substantiate recommendations package for their successful functioning in the Russian Federation.
     Conclusions and Relevance The representative number of conclusions and proposals by way of well-reasoned practical recommendations is designed for law-enforcement practice of the government authorities, regulatory agencies in the special economic zones' territories, and for follow-on explorations in this field. The efficient organization of technical and innovation and industrial and production activities of special economic zones, which are able not only to give impetus to the Russian economic development (in terms of import-substitution, as well), but also to propel it to the top global leaders in innovation economic field, is one of the directions towards the implementation of this strategic goal.


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