SEARCH
 

Search

 

1 - 10 25
 | . | 1 2 3 | . |


Features of birth processes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Pakhomov A.A. Doctor of Economic Sciences, the Yakut Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk ( a.a.pakhomov@prez.ysn.ru )

Mostahova T.S. Doctor of Economic Sciences, the Yakut Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk ( mostakhovats@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #25, 2013

In the article one of the main processes of reproduction - fertility in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in terms of demographic security of the region is analyzed. General characteristic of the rates of natural increase of the population, the general and total fertility rate, births out of wedlock are considered.


Personal Finances Saving during Financial Crisis

Pakhomov S.B. Head of Committee for State Loans of Moscow City

Kovalenko A.V. Vice General Director of Specialised State Unitary Enterprise Mosfinagentstvo, General Director CJSC Garant-M

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2009

Informational Centre of the Moscow Administration hosted a pres-conference on an urgent topic: how can the Russians avoid losing the personal savings during the financial crisis? Among the participants were Pakhomov Sergey Borisovich, Head of the Committee for State Loans of Moscow City, and Kovalenko Andrey Vladimirovich, Vice General Director of Specialised State Unitary Enterprise Mosfinagentstvo, General Director CJSC Garant-M. They answered numerous questions of the journalists.


The methodological approach to adapting models of the innovative process to the Russian environment

Pakhomov A.V. Dedal, Rosatom Corporation, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomov_av@dedal.ru )

Pakhomova E.A. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( uni-dubna@mail.ru )

Rozhkova O.A. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( olga_r2006@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2018

Importance In this research we study the interaction of three main structural components (University Industry Government) by analyzing the substance of the innovative process in principal foreign and Russian models of the innovative process and concepts of innovative systems.
Objectives We formulate scientific and methodological recommendations for adapting the innovative process models to the Russian environment by analyzing them and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses.
Methods The methodological framework comprises fundamental and applied researches of foreign and Russian scientists into models of the innovative processes, the Triple Helix concept by H. Etzkowitz, L. Leydesdorff, institutional principles of innovation management.
Results Having synthesized the analyzable approaches, we presented the national adaptation of generally accepted models of innovative development kept by six generations, suggested how the innovation process model should be modified.
Conclusions and Relevance We demonstrate that national researches into modeling of the innovative process are still fragmented, requiring further studies and a set of approaches to identifying all institutional processes and substantiating certain structural elements to be introduced into the Russian innovative system. The existing models are not yet compliant with the economic substance of sectoral interaction, while institutional gaps among institutions and practices aggravate them.


Econometric modeling of employment on the basis of the industrial distinctions

Pakhomov A.V. AO NPK Dedal, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomov_av@dedal.ru )

Pakhomova E.A. Dubna International University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( uni-dubna@mail.ru )

Rozhkova O.V. Dubna International University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( olga_r2006@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2017

Importance The article discusses models for employment forecast in the long and short run. It also focuses on demand and supply factors in the labor market of the Moscow oblast.
Objectives We analyze the most common forecasting models by revealing the substance of the population employment forecast and examining how different indicators influence supply and demand in the labor market of the Moscow oblast.
Methods Considering the key factors of labor demand, we make a specification for employment modeling. We use the data deflation technique to conduct a comparative analysis. We overview neoclassical models and Keynesian model, specifications based on the CobbDouglas production function and investment included into the capital stock, HarrodDomar model specification, multivariate regression equations.
Results The article systematizes theoretical aspects of employment, identifies key factors of labor demand and substantiates the importance of industrial distinctions to be taken into account in modeling the region's employment.
Conclusions and Relevance Labor resource demand has changed in the labor market of the Moscow oblast. We conclude respective demand factors shall be primarily taken into account to construct regional employment models. Having analyzed contemporary approaches to regional employment forecasts, we found a lot of unresolved issues relating to theoretical, methodological, organizational and technical aspects.


Differentiating the Russian regions through an econometric analysis by socio-economic indicators influencing the consumer demand

Pakhomov A.V. NPK Dedal (Rosatom State Corporation Company), Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomov_av@dedal.ru )

Pakhomova E.A. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( uni-dubna@mail.ru )

Rozhkova O.V. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( olga_r2006@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #12, 2017

Importance The article focuses on a correlation between regional socio-economic indicators and amount of various retail loans, gross portfolio of which represents one of the institutional determinants of consumer demand. We review a spectrum of characteristics for finding the best forms to interact and coordinate interests of the State, real economy, banking and the public in socio-economic transformations.
Objectives The regions are differentiated by aspect influencing retail lending.
Methods The research is performed in two steps. First, socio-economic indicators are checked. Second, the regions are differentiated on the basis of the analyzable socioeconomic indicators using cluster analysis methods.
Results Classifications based on different indicators and methods may lead to similar and even approximate results. However, as an in-depth analysis of items within the same population (cluster) shows, substantial discrepancies may arise from one or several factors, thus proving that they shall be attributed to different groups. The substantive interpretation of regions' similarities and differences helps adjust the outcome, consider the specifics of each subject and create conditions for making informed decisions on governance of vast territories.
Conclusions and Relevance The research may become a substantive and instrumental underpinning for further recommendations for federal and regional authorities to address consumer demand issues and assess its effect on the development of economic systems at different levels.


Applying the econometric tools to analyze a cost management process

Pakhomov A.V. AO Scientific and Production Complex Dedal (Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation), Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomov_av@dedal.ru )

Pakhomova E.A. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomova.ea@phystech.edu )

Rozhkova O.V. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( olga_r2006@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2018

Subject The article analyzes a cost management cycle, being a determinant in economic result formation, which is expressed by profit, and in competitiveness enhancement.
Objectives The purpose is to use econometric tools to expand the analysis of cost management process through the modification and practical implementation of methodology components for multilevel systematic itemization of financials, and to highlight semi-variable and semi-fixed costs in total costs of the enterprise as an element of its external environment.
Methods The study employs a multiple regression technique and multilevel systematic itemization of enterprise financials.
Results The original methodology modification based on the specifics of the problem under analysis enabled to expand the scope of tools and offer directions of model development that take into account the departure from the traditional split of economic processes at the micro, meso, and macro levels. We considered relationships between the volume of production by brand, total amount of fixed costs, variable costs per unit, and performance with the help of assessing the break-even point. The analysis helped confirm semi-fixed and semi-variable costs and showed that the enterprise will remain in the break-even zone for the next five years.
Conclusions The calculations demonstrate that it is possible to solve the problem of cost splitting. Modern information and computer tools can provide a labor-saving algorithm and adequate quality of results of analytical activity to develop and implement further administrative decisions.


The technique for determining the innovative potential of socio-economic actors at different hierarchical levels through elements of the vector analysis and field theory

Istomina S.V. Atomenergoproekt, State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM, Moscow, Russian Federation ( istomina_sv@aep.ru )

Lychagina T.A. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( lychagina@jinr.ru )

Pakhomova E.A. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( uni-dubna@mail.ru )

Pakhomov A.V. NPK Dedal, State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomov_av@dedal.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2018

Importance The article focuses on the phenomenon of innovative potential of socio?economic actors at different hierarchical levels (macro-, meso-, micro-) through the triple interaction of university, industry and government.
Objectives We devise our own toolkit by involving elements of vector calculus and field theory so as to analyze how innovation influences the development of the above actors, and test it from perspectives of defining the innovative potential of Russia as a macroactor.
Methods The research draws upon elements of vector calculus and field theory (gradient, divergence, continuity equation), method of analogies to adapt concepts of natural sciences to economics (dividing the above actors' characteristics into structural and dynamic by their substantive comparison), regression analysis to define components of the regions innovative potential.
Results We devise the technique for defining the innovative potential of socio-economic actors at different hierarchical levels through the lens of the triple helix UniversityIndustryGovernment. The innovative potential is represented with three elements. The proposed tool kit was tested by examining trends in Russia's innovative potential during 20102015. As the analysis shows, the 'University' element makes the most valuable contribution.
Conclusions and Relevance Having tested the technique, we assured not only its practical significance, flexibility of the proposed toolkit, but also a method for handling official statistics irrespective of its quality. Domestic data processing is too difficult that it shall be compensated with a transparent and concise toolkit.


Forecasting the behavior of the innovative potential of an entity subject to macroeconomic regulation in terms of trends in the Long Kondratieff Cycle

Istomina S.V. AO Atomenergoproect, Rosatom State Corporation Company, Moscow, Russian Federation ( istomina_sv@aep.ru )

Lychagina T.A. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( lychagina@jinr.ru )

Pakhomov A.V. AO NPK Dedal, Rosatom State Corporation Company, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomov_av@dedal.ru )

Pakhomova E.A. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomova.ea@phystech.edu )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #12, 2018

Subject We evaluate the innovative potential of an macroeconomically managed entity using our mathematical tools, field theory and vector analysis based on the Triple Helix concept.
Objectives The research analyzes whether the economic situation is predicable if we use the mathematical tools to determine the innovative potential of the macroentity and the theory of long Kondratieff waves proved by C. Perez.
Methods We review the total results, which were inferred with the mathematical tools intended to determine the innovative potential of the macroentity and the theory of Carlota Perez.
Results We forecasted how the innovative potential of the macroentity will develop, referring to the Russian case, exploring the economic situation within 20002015 and adhering to the theory of Carlota Perez in order to detect the phase of the long Kondratieff wave. The mathematical tools helped us observe the innovative potential trends for the given period. Combining the two approaches, we managed to figure out the further trend in the economic situation for the macroentity. The tools allow to forecast further economic developments by analyzing three components of the innovative potential factors of knowledge intensiveness, profitability, productive capabilities.
Conclusions and Relevance Combining our tool and the theory of long Kondratieff waves, we conclude that Russia is about to face another technological revolution, approaching the forth phase of the Long Kondratieff Cycle. According to Carlota Perez's theory, the forth phase end is the time of great ambivalence. So, for smoother transition, we need measures to create absolutely new technologies, preserve and/or revive the existing expertise.


The Use of Econometric Tools for Cost Management Analysis

Pakhomov A.V. AO Scientific and Production Complex Dedal (Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation), Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomov_av@dedal.ru )

Pakhomova E.A. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( pakhomova.ea@phystech.edu )

Rozhkova O.V. Dubna State University, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( olga_r2006@mail.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #1, 2019

Subject The article analyzes the cost management cycle, being a determinant of the economic result embodies in profit and better competitiveness.
Objectives Using econometric tools, we conduct an extended analysis of the cost management process by modifying and implementing components of the financial position specification technique and segregating conditionally fixed and conditionally variable costs from total costs of an entity as an element of its external environment.
Methods We relied upon financial documents of the entity producing consumer goods of limited diversity, framework of multiple regression and the financial position specification technique.
Results Having adjusted the initial technique for the specifics of the analyzable issue, we managed to expand the scope of the tools and proposed what aspects of the model should be developed so to streamline the departure from the traditional classification of economic processes into micro-, meso- and macrolevels. We analyzed the correlation of production output by brand, general fixed costs, variable costs per product unit and performance results through the break-even analysis so to make precise measurements of conditionally fixed and conditionally variable costs. The analysis revealed that the entity's operations will remain breakeven within five years to come. Making the substantive interpretation of causes and consequences of the proposed transformations and values, we take the specifics of each item into consideration, adjust tools and make assumptions for further specification in accordance with a life cycle stage, external environment, regional and macroeconomic trends, etc.
Conclusions and Relevance As the computations show, costs can be segregated, with modern information and computing tools being able to ensure not only an operational and practicable algorithm, but also the sufficient quality of analytical finding, which would allow to make and implement further managerial decisions.


Approaches to forecasting insurance contributions for compulsory pension insurance

Pakhomov E.V. Graduate Student, Department of Economic and Information Systems Modeling, the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation ( pakhomovegor@gmail.com )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #16, 2013

In the article the approaches to forecasting of influence of the changed pension legislation for receipt of insurance premiums, a shortage level of the budget of the Pension fund of the Russian Federation and potential volume of means of obligatory pension accumulation are offered.


1 - 10 25
 | . | 1 2 3 | . |


 |