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Evaluating the difference of economic development and quality of life of the population in regions

Morozova E.A. Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russian Federation ( morea@inbox.ru )

Mukhacheva A.V. Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russian Federation ( oblakkko@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2017

Importance The article analyzes the difference of economic development and quality of life of the region's population.
Objectives The research evaluates socio-economic development through our own methods, illustrating the regions of the Siberian Federal District.
Methods The article employs our own methods for statistical and dynamic analysis of the difference of economic development and standards of living through the system of indicators and types of the regions.
Results Illustrating the Siberian Federal District, results allow to conclude that socio-economic indicators of the Siberian Federal District considerably lag behind the average Russian indicators as they are, but still have better dynamism. Certain regions substantially vary.
Conclusions and Relevance The results of statistical and dynamic analysis of the difference cover issues of socio-economic development of regional development, allow for accumulating and steering crisis management activities so to support the most vulnerable areas of the population’s standards of living.


Crisis phenomena in the regional economy: Definitional and retrospective analyses, empirical diagnostics based on dynamic trend study

Mukhacheva A.V. Institute of Economics and Management of Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russian Federation ( oblakkko@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #7, 2017

Subject The article inquires into crisis phenomena in the regional economy, considering their definitional content and the empirically observed boundaries.
Objectives The purpose of the work is to study the definitional framework of economic crises, the characteristics of the two financial crises of 2008 and 2014 to identify their similarities and differences, and develop methodological tools for empirical setting the boundaries of crises.
Methods As a basic tool, I used my own method of graphical analysis of dynamic trends, which allows a quantitative assessment of the extent of reduction in economic performance in different time periods and the empirical fixing of crisis events. The period of 2003–2014, twelve years, is the time frame to be analyzed. As an object of analysis, twelve regions of the Siberian Federal District have been chosen for consideration.
Results The proposed methodological tools help empirically diagnose the period of the region's economic integration into and out of crisis, as well as rank the regions in terms of crisis severity.
Conclusions A retrospective analysis of the 2008 and 2014 crises make it possible to draw conclusions about their significant similarities in the assumptions, symptoms and consequences. This highlights earlier conclusions on the need to change the economic model.


Managing the capital structure of the largest Russian coal producers

Mukhacheva A.V. Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russian Federation ( oblakkko@mail.ru )

Gadzhigasanova N.S. Yaroslavl Demidov State University, Yaroslavl, Russian Federation ( naide27@mail.ru )

Kuznetsova T.A. Kemerovo State University (KemSU), Kemerovo, Russian Federation ( kuznetta@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #2, 2019

Subject The article considers the capital structure of the three leaders of the Russian coal mining industry, namely AO SUEK, OAO UK Kuzbasrazrezugol, AO SDS Holding Company.
Objectives The aims are to reveal the main trends in the equity to debt ratio of the largest players of the Federal coal market on the basis of the analysis of public financial statements for three recent years, to justify the optimal structure of their capital.
Methods The study employs economic and statistical methods, grouping and integration of data, methods for calculating the weighted average cost of capital, the effect of financial leverage to identify the current structure and cost of sources of capital, the ‘profitability – financial risk’ methodology to give scientific credence to optimal capital structure of coal producers.
Results The existing capital structure of the largest coal mining companies in Russia deviates from the optimal one from the point of view of financial analytics and scientific methods. It is formed spontaneously, under the influence of external factors. This results in unrealized reserves of capital cost reduction. We revealed certain differences in approaches to formation of sources of capital of the coal industry leaders, which are determined by their general financial position and capacity to raise funds.
Conclusions The findings enable to identify growth in the area of efficiency of finance management, increase the competitiveness of the Russian coal in world markets, provide financial stability and profitability of export-oriented coal producers, protect them from foreign trade risks, etc.


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