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The region's unique forestry specialization

Belyakova G.Ya. Siberian Federal University (SibFU), Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation ( )

Mel'man I.V. Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology (Reshetnev University), Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #9, 2019

Subject This article examines the competitive advantages of the region's forest industry development based on the smart specialization principles.
Objectives The article aims to define a new approach to the formation of the region's forest industry, taking into account the smart specialization principles and on this basis, identify the advantages of its development.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis, grouping, systems approach, and comparison. Official statistics is the information base of the study.
Results The article develops a basis for the development of forestry specialization, which is not considered today at the regional level. It shows the priorities of this specialization necessary for the development of traditional and new competitive industries. The article also presents promising areas of low-grade wood and wood waste utilization, and the unique advantages of wood processing, taking into account the predominance of Siberian larch.
Conclusions The development of the region's forest industry is most effective, provided the advantages of species composition are considered, taking into account the production standards and processing technologies. Smart specialization, like the larch utilization case, shows that considering the advantages of this timber species, it is possible to produce fundamentally new forest products, which have a high consumer demand. A cluster structure of forestry production can create a maximum effect.

The role of the tourism industry in the Russian economy

Bocharova I.E. Institute for Systems Analysis of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Orlova E.R. Institute for Systems Analysis of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Mel'nik E.P. International University of Nature, Society and Man, Dubna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #28, 2015

Importance The article overviews such areas of the Russian economy as agriculture and tourism. Machine-building, energy, finance and information technologies are regarded as sectors that are attractive for investors in Russia. Before the revolution in the early 20th century, more than a half of Russia's export accounted for agriculture, with the significant and positive balance of foreign trade. So, it proves that the national agricultural sector has considerable potential, which may be effectuated with a due approach and efforts.
     Objectives The objective of the article is to evaluate a possible role and position of the tourism industry in modern Russia. For this, we performed a detailed analysis of issues and prospects of its development.
     Methods The research uses a wide spectrum of quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis, and retrospective, structural, functional and systems approaches.
     Results We conclude that the Russian tourism focuses on domestic tourism, being able to overcome the crisis within a shorter period of time and boost growth in Gross Domestic Product. As one of the main reasons for low efficiency of tourism, we indicate the insufficiently developed infrastructure, many other challenges of the industry. The difficulties in the industry could be solved if there were roads of appropriate quality.
     Conclusions and Relevance To strengthen tourism in the Russian economy, the State should actively create an infrastructure (transportation infrastructure, first of all) throughout the country, rather than in the central regions only. The analysis of issues and opportunities of the Russian tourism industry may be useful to formulate investment programs for regional development.

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