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State Regulation of Foreign Trade Activities. Composition of the System's Functional Tasks

Oleinik S.P. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( 0111959sp@mail.ru )

Matyna L.I. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dci@miee.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #9, 2017

Subject The article addresses the organization and operation of the modern system of State regulation of foreign trade activities.
Objectives The study aims to identify the essence, characteristics and specifics of State regulation of foreign trade activities.
Methods We review relevant literature on the analysis of external trade function. The study rests on systems approach, synthesis and generalization, logical analysis, and management theory elements.
Results We describe the process of State regulation of foreign trade from the conceptual, structural and functional perspective. We show that regulation is implemented through norm-setting, control measures and legal liability being imperative conditions for foreign trade operations. The administrative type of relationships, which forms the legal basis of the system, predetermines a number of fundamental characteristics of its functioning, including negative ones that reduce the efficiency of the regulatory process.
Conclusions and Relevance To ensure efficient operation of the system, which is based on the conflict of interests of the State regulator and participants of foreign economic activities, it is important to have adequate legal framework and limit the role of the infrastructure of control that distorts the results of the regulation.


A Generalized functional model of State regulation of foreign trade as a multiparameter nonlinear adaptive control system

Oleinik S.P. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( 0111959sp@mail.ru )

Matyna L.I. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dci@miee.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2017

Importance The article addresses a functional model of the system of State regulation of foreign trade activities as a formalized management process.
Objectives The aim is to reveal the specifics of arrangement and operation of the modern system of State regulation of foreign trade activities through developing a generalized functional model that reflects the system's structure, the nature of its relations, and characteristic aspects of the regulatory process.
Methods The input data of the study include literature on the analysis of certain aspects of foreign trade function. The study employs systems approach, synthesis, logical analysis, elements of management theories, and automatic control.
Results We offer a generalized functional model of the system of State regulation of foreign trade activities and analyze its processes. We found that State regulation is a multiparameter nonlinear adaptive system with case-related control, and show that the system's adaptivity is of level nature. The most significant factor in determining the quality of regulation is the regulator's relations with the arrangement of control, which, unlike technical systems, is other than a hardware component.
Conclusions and Relevance To improve the quality and reliability of the system of State regulation of foreign trade activities, it is important to correlate the parameters of setting actions with the capabilities of foreign trade activity participant.


Corporate management of interrelated risks in the event of inadequate coordination of counter cross-border flows of benefits

Oleinik S.P. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( 0111959sp@mail.ru )

Matyna L.I. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dci@miee.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #9, 2018

Importance State regulation introduces additional uncertainty to the foreign trade sphere and expands the range of risks that accompany international contracts. Events causing the violation of currency legislation in terms of the volume and date of export revenue transfer to authorized banks' accounts are totally unacceptable for exporters.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to identify triggers of violation of statutory regulations on repatriation of currency revenues from exports, analyze possible measures preventing or minimizing the damage caused by exporter risk realization associated with the said events.
Methods The study rests on works addressing the analysis of foreign trade under currency regulation of export operations. We also employ the systems approach, generalization method, logical analysis, and elements of the management theory.
Results The paper unveils the nature and mechanism of relationship between interrelated risks associated with violation of currency legislation in export transactions on payment-after-delivery terms, defines forms of commodity and financial flow distortion, reveals factors causing inadequate coordination of counter flows of benefits. We analyze variants of financial flow response to commodity flow distortion and offer measures to manage interrelated risks.
Conclusions Interrelated risk management requires additional organizational arrangements from exporters. In some cases, it is advisable to reconsider traditional insights in the choice of delivery terms.


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