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Theoretical and practical aspects of public investment financing: Source, forms, mechanisms, tools

Edronova V.N. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( v.n.edronova@mail.ru )

Maslakova D.O. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( mas-dariy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #6, 2018

Importance The paper considers the problem of practical search of investment sources and a deeper understanding of the theory of investment financing, including state funding.
Objectives The article aims to clarify the definitions of source, forms, mechanisms and instruments of public investment financing; to suggest a logically justified classification of these forms.
Methods The work uses empirical and logical constructions, analysis and synthesis, generalization, system approach and methods of comparative analysis.
Results The authors eliminate the ambiguity in the interpretation of the terms of investment financing. The investigation gives clear definitions of the terms and classifies the forms, mechanisms and instruments of finance investment.
Conclusions and Relevance Currently, there is no definition unity of the most important terms related to the investment financing in the scientific literature and practice. The authors` approach makes it possible to build scientifically based classifications, taking into account the modern regulatory framework and financing practice. The results can serve as a basis for further research in the field of investment financing and are of interest to researchers, undergraduates and graduate students.


Financial components of the investment process in the regions: Essence and evaluation

Edronova V.N. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( v.n.edronova@mail.ru )

Maslakova D.O. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( mas-dariy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #4, 2018

Importance The paper considers the financial relations in the investment process and its impact on investment processes in the regions of Russia.
Objectives We aim to determine the dynamics and indicators of regional investment process and reveal the correlation of these components in the Russian Federation.
Methods For the study, we used the scientific methods, including analysis and synthesis, modeling, correlation, and regression. The indicators characterizing investment processes and the level of economic development in the subjects of the Russian Federation for the period of 2011–2015 are the empirical basis of the study.
Results The paper specifies the definition of financial components of the investment activity of the region. It estimates the financial components of regional investment processes and detects their connection in different regions of the Russian Federation.
Conclusions and Relevance There is a significant differentiation of districts by level of investment per capita, and there is a slowdown in the rate of growth of investment per capita. The economic effect of investments is manifested only in some federal districts, the influence of investments on regional product is weak. The results of the research are intended for students, undergraduates and post-graduate students of economic specialties. They can be used by teachers in educational process. They also can are of interest for experts in the field of investment activities of public administration bodies.


Debt financing of investment: Sources, forms, mechanisms, tools

Edronova V.N. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( v.n.edronova@mail.ru )

Maslakova D.O. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( mas-dariy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #8, 2018

Subject The article deals with clarifying the terms related to debt financing, classifying the sources, forms, mechanisms and instruments of the financing, and specifying the methods to determine the amount of financing through leasing and bond issue, which are not covered by official statistics.
Objectives The study aims to give an original definition of sources, forms, mechanisms and instruments of debt financing based on theoretical works and current practice of debt financing in the Russian Federation, identify the logical subordination of these categories and develop a reasonable classification and methods for determining the volume of investment financing through leasing operations and bond borrowing.
Methods Empirical and logical constructions, analysis and synthesis, generalization, systems approach, and methods of comparative analysis serve as a methodological basis of the research.
Results The paper provides our own definition of terms related to debt financing of investments, based on the content of economic relationship between its subjects; presents a classification of sources, forms, mechanisms and instruments of debt financing on the basis of revealed logical hierarchy of classification features and methods for determining the amount of financing through leasing and bond issue that are not covered by official statistics.
Conclusions Our unique methods enable to assess the status of and trends in the said sources of financing.


A comprehensive comparative analysis of the Russian Federation subjects on investment financing

Edronova V.N. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( v.n.edronova@mail.ru )

Maslakova D.O. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( mas-dariy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #10, 2018

Subject This article deals with the issues and methods of comparative assessment of the Russian Federation subjects on investment financing, which help analyze the condition, change rate and intensity of investment in the regions.
Objectives The article aims to analyze the existing approaches to the comparative assessment of the regions on investment financing and propose a comprehensive analysis methodology, including a system of estimated figures, initial information base, methods of estimation, and the analysis results presentation forms.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of analysis and synthesis, comparative and statistical analysis, generalization, and the systems approach, as well as empirical and logical constructions.
Results The article presents a developed complex methodology of comparative assessment of the Russian Federation subjects, based on a set of estimation indicators. As a presentation of the comparative assessment results, we offer a matrix of ranking of the RF subjects by volume, investment financing change rate and investment per capita.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed methodology helps estimate investment financing from the perspective of state, development and intensity of the considered process concerning all the regions of Russia entirely. The methodology testing shows a significant differentiation of the Russian regions as to investment financing and intensity of financing, uneven increase of volumes of financing, and also values of estimation parameters within some individual subjects of the Russian Federation. The results obtained can provide background for further research in the field of investment financing and are of interest to academic researchers, undergraduates and postgraduate students.


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