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Continuous and sustainable development of economic systems and the law of cyclic development

Babicheva N.E. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( sigaeva@mail.ru )

Lyubushin N.P. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lubushinnp@mail.ru )

Lylov A.I. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lylov-vsu@rambler.ru )

Gurtovaya I.N. Federal Tax Service Training Institute, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( cpp604@sinn.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #1, 2017

Subject The article investigates the concepts of going concern and sustainable development of economic systems and the impact of the law of cyclic development on the specified concepts.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to compare domestic and foreign approaches to the interpretation of the going concern concept, quantify the sustainable development and justify the need for considering the law of cyclic development in the continuity of operations and sustainable development of economic systems.
Methods The study employs general scientific principles and methods of research, like grouping and comparison, abstraction, generalization, analogy, and modeling.
Results The content of the going concern concept stated in the standards of business continuity management differs from that in accounting and auditing regulations. The developed technique for financial stability evaluation rests on unified methodological basis and on the interrelation of the type of economic development and financial stability, risk associated with the use of resources and life cycle phases of the organization at the production stage. Economic systems develop according to the life cycle model, where changes in the parameters of sustainable development depend on the life cycle phase.
Conclusions The concepts of going concern, sustainable development, and the law of cyclic development come into conflict, requiring new approaches to forecasting the development of economic systems.


Economic analysis of business entities' sustainable development under cyclicality

Lyubushin N.P. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lubushinnp@mail.ru )

Babicheva N.E. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( sigaeva@mail.ru )

Lylov A.I. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lylov-vsu@rambler.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #1, 2018

Importance The development of economic systems influenced by the law of cyclical development cannot be supported by permanent growth rate of target indicators thus ensuring a transition to a new level of development and business continuity. The article explores this contradiction.
Objectives The purpose is to clarify conditions, which will facilitate the modeling of processes under investigation with regard to resource conservation and the law of cyclic development. This will enable to develop models considering the impact of the law of cyclic development on going concern, resource conservation and sustainable development of economic systems.
Methods The study draws on analysis and synthesis, grouping and comparison, abstraction, generalization, analogy, and modeling.
Results The study shows that a succession of stages and phases of life cycle in the synchronized interaction of production capital, financial capital and institutional environment provides for implementation of the law of cyclic development, the concept of sustainable development and going concern. We developed models, which consider the impact of the law of cyclic development on business continuity, resource conservation and sustainable development of economic systems.
Conclusions Economic systems cannot develop under constant economic growth. According to the law of cyclic development, the sustainable development of economic systems can be achieved at each stage of life cycle only on condition of synchronization of interaction between industrial capital, financial capital and institutional environment.


The genesis of the law of cyclic development

Lyubushin N.P. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lubushinnp@mail.ru )

Babicheva N.E. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( sigaeva@mail.ru )

Lylov A.I. Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lylov-vsu@rambler.ru )

Gurtovaya I.N. Federal Tax Service Training Institute, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( cpp604@sinn.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #48, 2016

Subject The article studies the law of cyclic development as a component of sustainable development and going concern.
Objectives The aim is to study the evolution of the theory of cycles, develop new theoretical approaches to assessment of the impact of the law of economic systems' continuity and sustainable development.
Methods We employ scientific principles and research methods, i.e. historical approach, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, grouping, comparison, abstraction, generalization, analogy, and modeling.
Results We assessed the efficiency of technological modes. The paper proves that none of macroeconomic schools can explain the most important factors of theories of economic growth and economic cycles within the framework of their theory. Cyclical development modeling can be performed, using the approaches developed within a resource-based economic analysis. At the present stage of financial and banking services development, such economic systems cannot be sustainable. The analysis of micro-economic indicators of Russian economy shows that the economy has a debt nature and has been in crisis since 2006.
Conclusions and Relevance Cyclic development is an important element of economic growth. New approaches are required to forecast the development of economic systems. The forecasting is implemented through creation of interrelated models that take into account the impact of the law of cyclic development on going concern, resource conservation and sustainable development of economic systems of different hierarchical levels.


Exponential growth and the law of cyclic development of systems

Babicheva N.E. Voronezh State University (VSU), Voronezh, Russian Federation ( sigaeva@mail.ru )

Lyubushin N.P. Voronezh State University (VSU), Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lubushinnp@mail.ru )

Lylov A.I. Voronezh State University (VSU), Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lylov-vsu@rambler.ru )

Gurtovaya I.N. Federal State Institution of Advanced Finance Professional Training Federal Tax Service Training Institute (FTS of Russia Training Institute), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( cpp604@sinn.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #11, 2018

Subject The article analyzes the combination of exponential growth of economic entities and the fundamental law of decreasing efficiency of evolutionary perfection of systems, which effect is displayed by S-shaped curves.
Objectives The aim is to explore the conditions under which economic entities transfer to exponential growth and disclose the efficiency of the transition.
Methods The paper employs general scientific principles and methods of research, like analysis and synthesis, grouping and comparison, abstraction, generalization, etc.
Results We distinguish specific areas of change in the comparative efficiency of technological systems' development (S-curves) and link them with technological stages, modes and the Industry 1.0–4.0 concept. As a result, we get corresponding S-curves for each period, and reveal a significant increase in cost efficiency in the transition to more advanced technological modes.
Conclusions Investments in traditional technological systems are not economically feasible. It is crucial to introduce systems that are specific to the digital economy and rest on theoretical innovations. Economic actors cannot grow continuously. Exponential growth is provided within the law of decreasing efficiency of evolutionary perfection of systems despite the law of cyclic development effect. As a result, numerous models used in system development forecasting prove inefficient. New approaches to forecasting the development of economic entities are needed. These approaches should rely on interconnected models and consider the opportunities of exponential growth of their effectiveness.


Analysis of concepts and laws determining science and technology development in the face of grand challenges

Lyubushin N.P. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( lubushinnp@mail.ru )

Babicheva N.E. Voronezh State University (VSU), Voronezh, Russian Federation ( sigaeva@mail.ru )

Lylov A.I. Voronezh State University (VSU), Voronezh, Russian Federation ( lylov-vsu@rambler.ru )

Pulyakhin E.I. Voronezh State University (VSU), Voronezh, Russian Federation ( epulyakhin@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2019

Subject The article addresses big challenges that are important to consider when shaping the State policy in the sphere of science, technology, and innovation.
Objectives We focus on analyzing the content of the big challenges concept. Using the case of such a scientific problem as exhaustion of opportunities for Russia's economic growth based on extensive exploitation of raw materials, we highlight conditions for the emergence of big challenges.
Methods The study draws on logical and systems approaches, methods of grouping, comparison, generalization, analysis and synthesis. It suggests the hypothesis that a scientific problem evolves into a big challenge when the established system of basic institutions becomes unable to complete tasks aimed at improving the efficiency of economic actors by using intensive factors due to non-compliance with the concepts and laws of system development.
Results We formulate the subject and triggering events for big challenges faced by economic actors. We analyzed concepts and laws on system development. The analysis helped us to prove that non-compliance with the laws and the principles of concepts that serve as a basis for government programs, has the opposite effect – a ‘big challenge’ evolves into a ‘big bang’.
Conclusions When elaborating government programs, it is crucial to take into account the effect of system development laws. If these programs fail to include specific subject, industry and technological indicators, they are unable to timely identify a big challenge at its inception, therefore, it may adversely affect the quality of social, economic and technological development program implementation.


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