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Quality rating problems of internal control system

Leonov P.Y. Leading specialist Ltd "Audit-Universal" ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #15, 2013

In the article a system of standards, which is a set of qualitative and quantitative indicators of the internal control system organization is proposed. In the article the detailed description of each parameter is presented.

The assessment of effectiveness of Russian selective regional policy

Leonov S.N. Doctor of economics, professor, deputy director, Economic Research Institute of the Far Eastern Branch of RAS ( )

Sidorenko O.V. PhD in Economic., associate professor, Khabarovsk State Academy of Economics and Law ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #43, 2011

In the article the approach to formation of a selective regional policy of the state, including classification of its kinds depending on object and character of selective influence of the state on regional development is offered. The methodical approach to an estimation of productivity of the selective regional policy is developed and approved, allowing to define its influence on problematical character of regional development in the Russian Federation.

Administrative reform in the Khabarovsk area: results and problems

Antonova N.Е. Doctor of Economic sciences, head of sector "Economy of biological resources and Agriculture", Economic Research Institute FEB RAS ( )

Leonov S.N. Doctor of Economics, Deputy Director, Economic Research Institute FEB RAS ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #21, 2012

On an example of Khabarovsk area the results of administrative reform on the following directions are analyzed: regulation of public and municipal services (functions), providing information on government services provided in electronic form, the organization providing services on the principle of "one window" and the optimization of functions of executive bodies, etc.. It is shown that as a whole positive development of administrative reform in Khabarovsk area has of a number of problems.

State support of investors as factor of investment appeal of subject of the Federation

Antonova N.E. Doctor of Economics, Head of the Department of Economy of Biological Resources and Food Security, the Institute of Economic Researches of the Far East Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( )

Leonov S.N. Doctor of Economics, chief researcher of sector of economic and scientific and technical policy, Institute of economic researches of Far East office of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #32, 2013

In the article the essence of the concept "investment appeal of the region" is investigated. The analysis of dynamics of investment appeal of Far East subjects of Federation depending on change of external and internal conditions of managing is made. On the example of the Khabarovsk territory measures of the state support of investors in the region are investigated, efficiency of these measures from the point of view of the budget and investors is analyzed.

Financial resolution as an instrument to regulate banking activities

Leonov M.V. Humboldt-Universit?t zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany ( )

Zaernyuk V.M. Russian State Geological Prospecting University, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #27, 2015

Importance The need to maintain the stability of the national banking system requires resorting to financial recovery and resolution of commercial banks. The article systematizes the main strengths and weaknesses of this tool to regulate banking activities, its effect on the industry's development and social welfare.
     Objectives The study discusses financial resolution of commercial banks along with conventional tools of the State regulation so to keep the stability of the entire financial system of the nation. For this, we consider benefits and adverse effects of using the financial recovery procedure in banking as compared with discontinued operations and recall of banking licenses.
     Methods The methodological and theoretical basis includes the conceptual provisions of financial recovery as a part of crisis management, as well as the study of national and foreign scholars in banking regulation.
     Results The federal legislation governs financial recovery of credit institutions, with authority to initiate such recovery assigned to the Deposit Insurance Agency. The positive effect of financial recovery is observed soon after the financial recovery commences, while negative effect is seen in the medium and long term. We summarized results of financial resolution of banks in Russia, analyzed its effect on the industry's competition, and evaluated costs for bank resolution and financial recovery.
     Conclusions and Relevance The materials of the research may be used for further researches into this subject, being helpful in designing mechanisms for regulating banking activities in order to ensure sustainable development.

Business performance evaluation of Russian regional banks

Leonov M.V. Humboldt-Universit?t zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany ( )

Zaernyuk V.M. Russian State Geological Prospecting University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #33, 2015

Subject Regional banks account for less than a quarter of the total number of operating commercial banks in Russia. On the case of territorial divisions, the study shows that such banks do not play a critical role in the infrastructure support to Russian regions.
     Objectives The aim is to prove the existence of differences in the business environment of regional banks and in market constraints that influence the efficiency of banking operations in regions.
     Methods We applied econometric models to identify differences in performance ratios of various groups of banks. To test the suggested hypotheses, we used parametric and non-parametric approaches. We also applied a linear model of dependence of the cost of liabilities and performance on various indicators and the balance sheet structure.
     Results The article presents the criteria to select regional banks from all commercial banks operating in Russia. Except for a few regions, regional banks do not play a significant role in terms of infrastructural provision of financial services to the public and organizations in the region. There is no statistically significant correlation between the number of offices of regional banks and socio-economic development of regions.
     Conclusions The study does not confirm the existence of statistically significant differences in the efficiency of credit institutions based on their affiliation with a group of regional banks. The interest of all banks in operations in high-yield market segments serves as a possible explanation of the findings. Our empirical results may be interesting for researchers, regional banks, and bank regulators.

Empirical analysis of the polarized development of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation

Leonov S.N. Economic Research Institute, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Khabarovsk, Khabarovskii Krai, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #3, 2017

Importance In the current circumstances, the idea of growth poles is a traditional component of the Russian regional policy at the federal and regional levels. The formation of growth points is an important goals for any constituent entity of the Russian Federation, since it may push the development of adjacent and peripheral areas. It becomes difficult to address this issue due to absence of methods for identifying backbone municipalities and the state of municipal statistics.
Objectives The research identifies reasons why the theory of growth poles is so popular in Russia. I also propose a method to identify backbone municipalities that have the potential for forming local growth poles, evaluate municipal statistics and test the method with data of the Khabarovsk Krai.
Methods The research of the polarized development of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation involves methods of logic, statistical analysis.
Results Currently, municipal statistics does not allow to evaluate the situation comprehensively and retrospectively. The data matrix is very sparse. The proposed method for identification of backbone municipalities helps to determine types of municipalities in terms of their development prospects as growth poles of spatial arrangement of the region’s economy. I identified five groups of municipalities in the Khabarovsk Krai.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed approach allows to quantify the socio-economic potential of municipalities in the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, and determine those that have the strongest capabilities for polarizing the regional development. Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur have the real socio-economic potential for forming local growth points. The findings can be used to articulate the State regional policies in economic systems of various level.

Regional diagnostics: the essence and key parameters (the RF Far East subjects case)

Leonov S.N. Economic Research Institute of Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Science, Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk Krai, Russian Federation ( )

Barabash E.S. Khabarovsk State Academy of Economics and Law, Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk Krai, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #41, 2014

At the present time, the regional diagnostics in the Russian economic reality exists as a conglomerate of the private analytical and methodological approaches. At the same time, it did not grow an independent and officially identifiable line neither of research nor a discipline in higher education institutions. Such a situation does not contribute to the solution of practical problems within the competence of authorities, and in the sphere of vital interests of large companies. Accordingly, the authors consider the essence, subject and method of implementation of the regional development diagnostics. The article demonstrates that the detailed interpretation of regional diagnostics involves a number of special information and analytical technologies, which allow describing the regional problems in the system parameters, which are specific to them. The regional diagnostics facilitates identifying problems, by means of linking them to the known typological groups, provides a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the identified problems, and helps to evaluate the internal and external causes of diagnosed problems. The paper considers the specifics of the regional diagnostics and the need, while implementing it, to take into account, compare and "lead to a common denominator" diverse parameters and problems. Each stage of diagnostics requires a specific set of research techniques and technologies, unifying principles of a systematic methodology. In general, the method of the regional diagnostics constitutes a combination of the regional systems approach (as a general methodological original assumption) with a variety of instructional techniques, which were tested in various areas of applied computer science, economics, sociology and other disciplines. The paper demonstrates that the main characteristics of regional diagnostics can be reduced to integrated nature, practical orientation, availability of initial information, degree of standardization and simplicity of the techniques used, and also to the relative nature of the estimates, reproducibility and clear presentation of results, and formulation of practical recommendations.

Affordable housing: Searching for funding sources

Leonova L.B. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia Boris Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( )

Alpatova E.S. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia Boris Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( )

Leonov R.A. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia Boris Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #11, 2016

Subject The article considers the situation in the affordable housing market.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to provide a rationale for proposals on the formation of funding sources to address the housing needs of Russian citizens.
Methods The data of the Federal State Statistics Service, international agencies and statistical services served as the methodical basis of the study. To handle statistical reports, we applied methods of analytical grouping, calculation of coefficients, and comparative analysis.
Results To solve the problem of housing affordability only through budget projects is impossible. Other sources of financial support are needed. We offer shifting the vector of management of economic processes in the housing sector toward the priorities of the internal policy, rather than foreign policy. This will enable to refocus developers on restructuring the housing market and provide affordable housing for Russian nationals.
Conclusions and Relevance In the face of systemic crises, we suggest to 'humanize' the housing sector and use four directions of development: construct rental houses, return to the experience of housing cooperatives, ensure repayment of international debt, and debunk corruption schemes in the economy.

Cost planning methods to create high-tech products

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2020

Subject The article addresses planning the cost of high-tech products manufacturing as an important task of government technological programs justification. Severe budget restrictions necessitate improving the existing theoretical approaches, methods and techniques for cost planning, and searching for new ones.
Objectives We focus on designing a method for planning the costs of high-tech product manufacturing based on the use of the hysteresis physical phenomenon, mechanisms of its occurrence, and the resulting effects.
Methods The basic premises of the methodology include the mechanism of synergistic effects emergence, which we established through generalization and analysis of various scientific formulations of the hysteresis phenomenon, its causes and consequences; the concept of synergistic hysteresis, which is defined for the first time.
Results We present a two-tier method; its main specifics is determination of upper and lower levels of costs for high-tech products manufacturing. The paper also offers tools to estimate the upper and lower level of costs and the synergistic effect, based on their comparison. When estimating the lower level of costs, we consider the risk of budgetary allocation deficit, which is addressed for the first time in such estimations, and is characterized by the duration of the deficit.
Conclusions The findings may be useful for perfecting the methodological tools for long-term high-tech programs development, mitigating their implementation risk, identifying ways of sustainable innovation and technological development of the country to serve national defense and security.

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