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Cash service federal budget execution of federal treasure for the Vologda region

Vasilieva A.S. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Department "Accounting, Analysis and Planning", Dean of Faculty "Correspondence and Distance Learning", the Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, the Severodvinsk branch ( vasilieva_as@mail.ru )

Kuznetsova M.N. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Department "Accounting, Analysis and Planning", the Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, the Severodvinsk branch ( mk.izumrud@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #14, 2013

In the article the basics of the organization and modern features of budget performance by bodies of the Federal Treasury are considered. The departmental and functional structure of expenses of the federal budget is studied. The main sources of the income of the budget are revealed. Movement of means on personal accounts of state funded organizations is investigated. The problems of cash budget performance are revealed and ways of their decision are defined.


Financial traders as a new subject of economic theory

Kuznetsova L.G. Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russian Federation ( igra1863@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #10, 2017

Subject The article considers financial traders as a new subject of economic theory and focuses on their special role.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to explore the motivation and specifics of traders' behavior in the market.
Methods I apply theoretical and analytical techniques to examine traders' behavior in financial markets, analyze the difference between traders and households as market transaction participants.
Results I consider fundamental tenets of behavioral economics, substantiate the need to use behavioral methodology to examine trading strategies, the motivation and rationale of actions of financial traders in the market.
Conclusions Unlike households, financial traders are not restricted in their actions in the market, and are often governed by their own emotions.


Corruption in public health service: causes and prevention measures

Sabanin Y.V. Doctor of Medical Science, head of military health department of Chief Command of Internal Forces of Ministry of Home Affairs of Russia, major general of health service ( elenkuz90@mail.ru )

Kuznetsova E.I. Cand. Sc. (Economics), assistant professor, Moscow University under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia ( info@europol-sport.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #16, 2011

Corruption is one of the principal threats to national security of Russia and one of the risk factors in economics. In recent years, volume of money spent on public health service has been increasing. Problem of corruption in public health service became even more pressing lately. This article analyzes definitions of corruption in public health, defines forms of corruption, gives analytic overview of corruption cases, and suggests approaches how to measure its level.


Social Measurement of State Economic Strategy

Kuznetsova E.I. Cand. Sc. (Economics), assistant professor, Moscow University under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia ( info@europol-sport.ru )

Aksinenko N.K. associate professor, Russian New University (RosNOU) ( mk90@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #18, 2009

In the article is studied the current variety of interpretation of the category “strategy”, including in adopted documents. As for the authors’ opinion, there are still no consensus in connection with its conceptual significance both for economics and for economic development in a whole. It is well-grounded to interpret state strategy as public statement of the Authority in connection with a perspective of economic of the state, inside which the Authority is going to work, from the one hand, and from the other hand - as current decisions directed to implementation of such perspective this time, i.e. strategy is a form of presenting perspective, where long-term solutions are connected with middle- and short-term or current.


Instruments of monetary regulation of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation

Vasilieva A.S. PhD in Economic Sciences, Senior Lecturer of department "Accounting, Analysis and Planning", Dean of the faculty of correspondence and distance learning, the Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Severodvinsk ( vasilieva_as@mail.ru )

Kuznetsova M.N. PhD in Economic Sciences, Senior Lecturer of department "Accounting, Analysis and Planning", Dean of the faculty of correspondence and distance learning, the Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Severodvinsk ( mk.izumrud@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #44, 2012

The article is devoted to research of the tools applied by the Central bank of the Russian Federation to regulation of the monetary and credit address. The essence of a monetary policy and its types is considered. The main instruments of regulation of monetary weight are investigated; the analysis of their values for the last six years is carried out. The main problems of this sphere are revealed and ways of their decision are defined.


Innovation management as part of economic security

Kuznetsova M.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( oh-marie@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2019

Subject The article determines substantive characteristics of innovation management in terms of systems analysis, referring to the economic security theory and methodology under study.
Objectives The article analyzes the extent to which innovation management processes influence the economic security level of the Russian Federation, and makes suggestions for improving the national economic security methods in line with the innovation level and their management methods.
Methods The research employs systems analysis methods, historic-logical methods, goal setting, measurement, etc.
Results I analyze the existing relationship and correlation among categories of innovation and economic security. The article presents the mathematical interpretation of innovation management from perspectives of economic security by dividing the economic security system in two sub-systems – ends and means (like the symmetric difference of sets). I provide the rationale for certain fundamental functions to be used in studying the operation of the innovation system.
Conclusions and Relevance The existing system of innovation management tools insufficiently complies with the contemporary economic security system. This reveals further development paths. There should be an up-to-date innovation system for counteracting threats and challenges, and innovation infrastructure as a driver of the innovation strategy of the Russian Federation.


P2P cryptocurrency: Security or development

Kuznetsova L.G. Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russian Federation ( igra1863@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #47, 2017

Importance Today we witness another essential change in the concept of money. Digital communication technologies once again transform the usual process of money payments and settlements.
Objectives The main focus is on the contradictory consequences of using the peer-to-peer (P2P) system as money. The paper designates ideological roots of cryptocurrency proclaimed by adepts at digital money that affect the functional nature of money.
Methods The study draws on general theoretical methods for empirical investigation of essential nature of digital money, specific features of its creation and making payments. I analyze statistical data on digital money distribution in the modern world.
Results The paper considers cryptographic procedures for digital money generation that are proposed for introduction instead of interbank payments; identifies possible pitfalls associated with digital money turnover, which is based on the principle of blockchain technology anonymity; formulates reasonable doubts about cryptocurrency consistency with the inherent property of money, i.e. its universal acceptance.
Conclusions It is inexpedient to introduce any prohibitive rules for cryptocurrency turnover. There is a need to develop blockchain technology as soon as practicable, as it is a basis of digital money, which is rapidly evolving into a global trend in banking and financial markets development.


Food security and foreign economic relations: International and national aspects

Kuznetsova G.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( gkuznet3@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #9, 2019

Subject Growth in agricultural production, import substitution and food self-sufficiency are major aspects of food security. However, the issues of increasing the public access to food are often overshadowed.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to detect weaknesses in the food security policy of Russia based on the analysis of indicators of the Global Food Security Index and the national statistics, to demonstrate the need for amendments to the policy with an emphasis on improving the public access to food through foreign trade and developing the rural transport and agricultural infrastructure.
Methods I employ methods of logical, comparative and statistical analysis.
Results The paper proves that achievements of recent years in the country's agriculture development rely, to a large extent, on cooperation of national producers and foreign companies, particularly, on imports of breeding and genetic materials, equipment and technologies. At the same time, the current condition of Russian rural social and transport infrastructure needs the attention of the authorities and should be drastically improved.
Conclusions It is advisable to interact more actively with the global market, taking advantages of international division of labor. When formulating the food security policies, it is crucial to focus on issues related to people's access to food and social problems faced in rural areas.


Trends in the U.S. foreign trade development within 2015–2016: Specifics of foreign trade ties with Russia

Kuznetsova G.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( gkuznet3@gmail.com )

Podbiralina G.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( galvp@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2017

Importance The article discusses the U.S. foreign trade that demonstrated quite good results in 2015–2016 before the presidential elections, considering the so called new normality of global economy. We study the Russian–U.S. trade relationships, which had higher indicators than expected under various factors and reciprocal sanctions.
Objectives The research evaluates contemporary processes in economy and foreign trade of the USA. Along with the U.S. megaprojects of the Trans-Atlantic and Trans-Pacific partnerships, those processes may change the geo-economic map of the world and influence Russia’s position in the system of international economic relations.
Methods We used methods of logic and statistical analysis to examine contemporary trends in the development of the U.S. foreign trade development.
Conclusions and Relevance Seeing the growing tensions in the Russian–U.S. relationships, it is premature to discuss their reload. However, notwithstanding some contradictions and mutual distrust in foreign trade, the USA continues to be an important economic partner for Russia. Trade relationships between the USA and Russia rest on practical interests certain business communities in both countries have to keep for their stable and constructive development. The recently elected President is expected to continue the trend.


Analyzing the logistical management of procurement

Kuznetsova M.N. Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Severodvinsk, Russian Federation ( mk.izumrud@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #43, 2015

Importance Procurement management has an increasing impact on the ultimate outcomes of economic activity of enterprises. This subsystem's precise functioning contributes to enhancing the balance of production. Therefore, it should target at logistical management, which creates close interrelation of manufacture, warehouse facilities, transport, and sales.
     Objectives The objective of the study is to choose the best option of procurement.
     Methods The article presents a mathematical model to assess the reasonability of discounts in case of refusal of economically justified order period.
     Results Enterprises should focus on total cost minimization (value of purchases, ordering expenditures, inventory control costs). The offered technique enables to objectively determine the expediency of discounts granted by suppliers in the event of refusal of economically justified order period, and to avoid labor-intensive calculations, if certain information is available. The mathematical model may be useful for developing the procurement options at enterprises under different terms of delivery.
     Conclusions When developing solutions to the problems related to logistical management of procurement, the focus should be on minimization of general cost rather than costs of individual subdivisions of the enterprise. To cut costs, it is necessary to develop a targeted policy for procurement management and methods to streamline purchases subject to reliability and efficiency of the enterprise system.


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