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Regional distinctions of agricultural development in Uzbekistan under limited water resources

Kuziev K.F. Institute of Forecasting and Macroeconomic Research, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #4, 2018

Importance The article focuses on the agricultural development trend in the regions of Uzbekistan, considering the shortage of water resources. I examine issues of geographical specialization and improvement of agricultural structure and its factors.
Objectives I determine principal factors of specialization and regional distinctions in developing the agricultural structure of Uzbekistan, considering limited water resources.
Methods The research relies upon general methods, such as structural, logic and systems approaches. For purposes of applied studies and empirical assessments, I resort to methods of scientific generalization and grouping, comparative-quantitative and economic-statistical analysis, economic and geographical study.
Results I reveal a territorial disparity in the irrigated land by region. It results from natural conditions and limited water resources. Having analyzed the territorial and sectoral structure of agriculture throughout 1995–2016, I ranked the regions of Uzbekistan in accordance with their agricultural specialization. The article presents my proposals on the way agricultural sectors should be organized throughout the regions of the Republic.
Conclusions According to the findings, I provide my recommendations for enhancing the regional structure of agriculture in Uzbekistan. The article sets forth measures for a reasonable specialization of agricultural sectors in the regions of the Republic.

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