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Increasing the efficiency of enterprise operation in conditions of internal and external environment uncertainty based on innovation

Vasin L.A. Tula State University (TulSU), Tula, Russian Federation ( vasin-la@yandex.ru )

Kurskii V.A. Tula State University (TulSU), Tula, Russian Federation ( kurskiy44@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #6, 2019

Subject The article substantiates situational models of managing the efficiency of enterprise operation as a decision-making tool in conditions of uncertainty of internal and external environment and lack of information.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to make recommendations for selecting effective management solutions under uncertainty through differentiating possible destructive disturbances between standard management areas with a specific set of efficiency improvement tools.
Methods The proposed approach draws on the theory of decision-making under uncertainty and risk, the study of the essence of the performance category, the use of hierarchy as a model for streamlining the enterprise structure, the study of interaction with external environment and assessment of its impact on achieving the goals.
Results We developed a situational model of managing the efficiency of enterprise operation. It enables to make economically feasible decisions without difficult procedures for analysis and justification, which are time-consuming and costly. It also helps reduce the time the enterprise needs to respond to emerging challenges when information is scarce.
Conclusions The presented model may serve as an analytical tool to support innovation policy and strategies for enterprise efficiency enhancement.


An approach to forecasting the results from future activities of engineering enterprises

Kurskii V.A. Tula State University (TulSU), Tula, Russian Federation ( kurskiy44@mail.ru )

Vasin L.A. Tula State University (TulSU), Tula, Russian Federation ( vasin-la@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #6, 2019

Subject The article describes a methodological approach to modeling the net cash flows from innovation based on presentation of results in the form of growth rates compared with the base level.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to develop recommendations for assessing cash flows from new activities, creating a strategic portfolio of the enterprise with the maximum synergistic effect, and mitigating financial risks associated with innovation.
Methods The proposed approach rests on the hierarchical model that determines the cause-effect relationships and the impact of results from new activities on the target function of the enterprise. It also relies on the utility function and its components that define the contribution of innovation product to enterprise goals.
Results We developed a methodology for forecasting, which is characterized by presentation of results by certain sources of net cash flows from innovation activity in the form of indices in relation to the basic level; consideration of extrapolation trends and random factors arranged in a hierarchical structure to assess their impact. Our methods use an approach to planning the timing for a new product launch, which would reduce the deviation of sales volumes and financial flows over the years of the planning horizon
Conclusions The findings may be useful for product strategy formation of enterprises. Furthermore, they may be interesting for specialists dealing with innovation development at enterprises.


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