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Assessing the regional transport infrastructure in the context of spatial development of Russia

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University (KubSU), Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Starkova N.O. Kuban State University (KubSU), Novorossiysk Branch, Novorossiysk, Russian Federation ( n.starkova@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #5, 2019

Subject This article discusses the issues related to transport and logistics infrastructure within the regions.
Objectives The article aims to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the current state of the transport infrastructure of the Krasnodar Krai in the context of spatial regional competitiveness analysis.
Methods To study all types of transport in the territory of the Krasnodar Krai, we reviewed materials on the importance of logistics infrastructure in the spatial development of the Russian Federation and used the methods of SWOT analysis.
Results The article presents the results of SWOT analysis of the transport and logistics infrastructure of the Krasnodar Krai.
Conclusions The article concludes that the development of the transport infrastructure of the Krasnodar Krai is not consistent with the strategic objectives of the State in the aspect of spatial development. At the same time the Krai has a good capacity for investments in logistics advancement.


The market of periodicals in Russia: state and prospects of development

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Blokha E.N. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( ha.k@inbox.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #28, 2015

Importance The article deals with the problems and prospects of development of the market of periodicals in the Russian Federation.
     Objectives The aim of the paper is to analyze the state of the periodicals market in Russia, as well as the activities aimed at its improvement. In the course of the study, we resolved the following tasks: identifying the key trends of the modern market of periodicals and identifying the development prospects of the printing industry.
     Methods We used scientific, empirical, statistical, economic and analytical research methods, as well as official statistics and the studies of Russian scientists.
     Results We state the need to stimulate and develop the press industry. We identified the key trends and prospects of the periodicals market in Russia. We propose certain activities aimed at improving the market's condition.
     Conclusions and Relevance We came to a conclusion that the development of the market of periodicals is under threat. A system State and socio-cultural support, including optimization of taxation of the industry's enterprises, are absolutely required to strengthen the economic state of the press industry and ensure stable tax revenue in the budgets of all levels.


A region in the national economy: Some approaches to the ranking

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University (KubSU), Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #3, 2019

Subject This article deals with the issues of formation of a system of comprehensive monitoring and comparison of the levels of development of subjects of the Russian Federation.
Objectives The article aims to determine the position and role of regions ranking in the Russian economy, investigate the existing approaches to ranking of the Russian Federation subjects, and propose recommendations on compiling a composite rating of the Russian regions' competitiveness.
Methods Having considered the used various rankings of the Russian regions, including the composite ones, I analyzed the modern approaches to the ranking process.
Results The article proposes a conceptual approach to the regional ranking, highlights the key aspects of assessing the competitiveness factors of the Russian Federation subjects, and presents a ranking structure.
Conclusions It is important to take into account the uneven distribution of resources between regions and their competitive advantages when compiling regional rankings. Evaluation criteria should be ranked according to the main goal, i.e. the improvement of the quality of life of Russian people. The use of the same indicators gives a different final assessment of the competitiveness of regions. There is no approach to summing up the capacities of the region in the current methodologies. To obtain qualitative indicators, analytical centers are needed in each constituent entity of the Russian Federation.


Major trends in developing the State supported agricultural insurance in Russia

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Boiko A.P. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( nastenka.nastusha.boyko@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #7, 2018

Importance The article addresses the system of State supported agricultural insurance in the Russian Federation. The issue is of special importance within the import phaseout policy implementation, as effective functioning of the agricultural insurance system is a key success factor of the country's food security enhancement.
Objectives The study analyzes positive and negative trends in the sphere of State supported agricultural insurance in Russia.
Methods We employ general scientific methods of research, statistical, comparative and historical methods. When processing and systematizing the information, we use the classification method and the systems approach.
Results The paper discloses the following negative trends in the State supported agricultural insurance, i.e. insufficient level of insured farm animals; reduced volumes of State support; difficulties for farmers to get insurance claim payment, significant excess of the volume of government subsidies for insurance over paid insurance claims. Positive aspects include fighting against pseudo-insurance, enhancing the control over activities of agricultural insurers, and developing the institution of the mediation.
Conclusions It is required to develop institutions of loss-adjusters and surveyors in the sphere of agricultural insurance, to improve infrastructure, to expand the network of agrometeorological stations to streamline the process of insurance compensation.


Currency wars or competitive devaluation: scenarios and their implications

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Zlydenko N.I. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( natali94-94@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #30, 2015

Importance The article reviews possible scenarios in the international monetary market and evaluates forecasts provided by analysts from the leading credit institutions and economic editions.
     Objectives The objective of the research is to investigate manipulations with foreign exchange rates and their effect on national economies and global economy. We make an attempt to explore the currency war concept, identify reasons for competitive devaluations and outline a possible scenario.
     Methods The article is based on a broad material of the Russian analytical agencies and institutions, foreign overviews and forecasts, scientific proceedings of the Russian scholars. The research focuses on the USA, China, Russia, Japan and the EU.
     Results The research illustrates that Russia takes the lead in competitive devaluation, keeping some potential for development. However, the national economy should be restructured to achieve this. Competitive devaluation is likely to continue in Russia, China, Japan and the EU.
     Conclusions and Relevance Competitive devaluation generates some short-term benefits for the State. To improve the national competitiveness, global economic ties should be strengthened through free trade and settlements denominated in the national currency. Competitive devaluation is a stabilizer of limited duration that is applied as a result of sharp and negative fluctuations in the global arena.


Remote banking technologies: Analysis and the development prospects

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( angetmanova@gmail.com )

Getmanova A.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #25, 2016

Importance Any economy cannot advance in the current circumstances without an effective system of money circulation in place and innovative banking technologies. Remote banking services represent one of progressive business methods. Thus, it is very reasonable to study issues, prospects and contemporary innovative technologies in this segment.
Objectives The research examines contemporary remote banking technologies and their development prospects. It reveals the substance of remote banking, analyzes remote servicing development trends, classifies the technologies and reviews remote banking services, and studies innovative technologies of remote banking.
Methods The research relies upon regulatory and legislative documents, data from various websites, data of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. The article overviews information and statistical data proceeding from the Russian and foreign sources.
Results We analyzed remote banking technologies by types of information systems, surveyed the popularity of remote banking and identified the advantages for customers and credit institutions, and determined future priorities.
Conclusions and Relevance The article displays prospects for remote banking development and analyzes contemporary innovative technologies in the segment. We conclude that remote banking services will evolve so to find customized formats of retail services.


Corporate culture as a component of the national security

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Mal'kov A.A. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( goal444@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #44, 2015

Importance The article examines how the national corporate culture influences the national security, and relevant aspects.
     Objectives The research figures out competitive components of corporate culture, which would enhance the national security of the Russian Federation.
     Methods We examined theoretical proceedings on the corporate segment of economy, competitiveness of companies, and national security. We relied upon data of the World Competitiveness Yearbook and research into capitalization of global brands, etc.
     Results
Corporate culture and national security closely relate to the national competitiveness, being independent from one another. International analytical centers are known to regard the USA as the leading competitor, with Top-10 Most Expensive Brands being headed by the U.S. companies. In this respect, the Russian companies should shape their corporate culture based on the revival of national and historical business principles. We propose corporate principles for doing business, which will allow fostering the Russian business patriotism.
     Conclusions and Relevance Economic security shall be regarded as a system where corporate culture should be a functional component of the effective national business, pursuing the State's interests and prosperity. As the national economy closely relates to harmonious corporate culture, it will improve the Russian indicators in the world competitiveness rating.


Estimation of prospects of the Krasnodar Krai in realization of the import-substitution food program

Starkova N.O. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( n.starkova@mail.ru )

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #30, 2015

Importance The article estimates the economic situation in the market of agricultural products as a result of the embargo on the import of food products from a number of foreign countries imposed by the President of the Russian Federation.
     Objectives The aim of the paper is to examine the prospects for the realization of the program of import substitution of food products in the Krasnodar Krai and to identify the areas of stabilization of the situation in the Russian food market through supporting the local farmers oriented to satisfy the consumer demand as full as possible and take up freed niches in the domestic food market.
     Methods The study is based on official statistics.
     Results We explored modern modalities and priorities for the development of agricultural enterprises of the region in terms of their participation in the program of import substitution. We specified the main product groups on the basis of the import substitution potential. We analyzed the structure and dynamics of the crop sector as one of the priority areas of agriculture of the region. We propose certain measures of State support to the Kuban agricultural producers under the long-term development strategies.
     Conclusions and Relevance
We conclude on the need for the concerted actions of the domestic business, finance and government leading to good prospects for the implementation of the import substitution program and changes in the structure of the domestic economy as well.


Outlining approaches to evaluating the economic security of nations: Evidence from the BRICS nations

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Yarkina M.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( mariya_budko@inbox.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2018

Importance The research evaluates the economic security of the BRICS nations and analyzes the existing approaches to evaluating the economic security, systematizing indicators of original international surveys.
Objectives The research devises the method to evaluate economic security and probate it by applying to the BRICS nations.
Methods Studying the economic security of the BRICS nations, we constructed logic schemes, grouped factual data, interpreted theoretical and empirical data through tables and graphs, and use mathematical modeling.
Results The article outlines a set of factors to evaluate economic security. We probate the proposed method by applying it to the BRICS nations and analyze trends in the indicators and compare them with other leading nations. We detect weaknesses and advantages of the countries in terms of economic security aspects.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed method is based on publicly available data and can be applied to study other aspects of international economic security. Testing the economic security evaluation method, the BRICS nations were found to have quite a similar development level by analyzable aspect. However, we identify such aspects of economic security, which make the BRICS nations polar in ratings. This helps find resources for cooperation and activities as part of the economic union.


Inflation targeting in the Russian Federation: prerequisites for implementation and prospects for economy stabilization

Kozyr' N.S. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( n_k_@mail.ru )

Abrech Z.N. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( Zarema27@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #7, 2016

Subject The article addresses inflation targeting as one of the tools of monetary policy. The international practice of the inflation targeting regime is rather relevant to modern Russia.
     Objectives In connection with the planned transition of Russia to inflation targeting regime in early 2015s, it is crucial to consider the nature of inflation targeting, the process of establishing the monetary system of the Russian Federation under financial instability.
     Methods We analyze major financials and their impact on the economic stability, the application of the inflation targeting regime in present-day Russia. The paper employs official statistics of the Bank of Russia, the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, the Federal State Statistics Service, as well as academic studies on inflation targeting.
     Results The current international monetary system is unable to provide stability at both the national and the global level. Inflation targeting includes price stability as a long-term objective of the economic policy, public announcement of medium-term inflation rates, high-level transparency of implementing the plans of monetary authorities, enhanced responsibility of the Central Bank for attaining the ultimate goal of monetary control, and the proper information strategy.
     Conclusions Despite certain difficulties that emerged during the implementation of inflation targeting, this regime is indispensable for the Russian Federation in view of prompt measures to perfect it.


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