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The issue of founders' financial regulation of the budgetary establishments of housing and communal services in Moscow

Kozlova S.B. Prefecture of Southern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sbkozlova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #1, 2017

Subject The article discusses the issue of founders' financial regulation as the most important form of interaction between the executive authorities and State-financed entities in the sphere of housing and communal services of the City of Moscow.
Objectives The aim of the study is to develop scientific and practical provisions on improving the financial interaction of housing and utility sector's budgetary establishments and their shareholders, as well as enhancing the effectiveness of the establishments' budgetary funds to provide public services.
Methods For the study, I used methods of analysis, comparison, specification, and the standard cost method.
Results I systematized the areas of financial interaction between State-financed entities and their founders. I identified specific factors affecting the financing of State-financed entities in the area of housing, and the peculiarities of using the budgetary funds that affect the entities' financial stability. As well, I developed economic standards in financial reservation for the use in the entities' practice, and I propose basic ways of founders' financial regulation.
Conclusions and Relevance Development and improvement of the areas of financial regulation contribute to shareholders' effective control over the budget funds, provide budget savings, and form a system of motivation and incentives for the institutions to manage public finances. Certain laws do limit the founder's intervention in the financial activities of State-financed entities, so some control measures can be implemented on the basis of agreements and, accordingly, be local in nature.


The ethics of economic management: Secular and religious aspects

Kozlova S.B. Prefecture of Southern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Department for Economy and Development, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sbkozlova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #43, 2016

Subject The article considers the relationship between spiritual and moral justification of the economy and the basic needs of business entities.
Objectives The paper aims to identify major contradictions of secular and religious spiritual factors in the economy, and to determine the conditions for the integration of economic ethics and Christian ethics.
Methods A comparative historical analysis is the main method of the research.
Results The paper identifies particular ethics views, ideas and attitude towards economy and business from the positions of economic materialism and Christian philosophy. It describes the moral judgment in relation to labor, property, wealth, poverty, inequality, and other economic phenomena and developments proposed by economic and religious ethics. I suggest considering spiritual and moral values as integrating ones for the effect of specific economic and Christian moral standards in the business sphere.
Conclusions Understanding the business and management as phenomena of spiritual life is associated with a specific identity value, i.e. retaining the human dignity (intrinsic merit) and proving its ability to influence economic developments not only from the perspective of pecuniary gain but also as a moral entity capable to perform a positive act of volition against immoral phenomena. The human dignity is seen as a link between the two ethics, because the actions of economic agents, if motivated by the highest value, become morally desirable and play a constructive role in the formation of the ‘social nature’ of a human being.


The governmental information resource: A Directory of Occupational Titles

Voloshina I.A. Russian Research Institute of Labor of Ministry of Labor of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( i_voloshina@list.ru )

Kozlova L.V. Russian Research Institute of Labor of Ministry of Labor of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( lidiyakozlova@yandex.ru )

Novikova T.R. Research Financial Institute of Ministry of Finance of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( tnovikova@nifi.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2017

Importance As Russia is on the verge of a new economic development model, there should be an up-to-date directory of professional titles.
Objectives The research comprehensively overviews the content of the Directory of Occupational Titles, theoretical and practical approaches to its formation and its updating mechanism.
Methods We analyze the governmental information resource Directory of Occupational Titles as an important part of the National System of Qualifications in terms of legislative, methodological and technical aspects by monitoring the demand and future of occupations.
Results We analyze the Directory of Occupational Titles, determine its future trend assuming that national policies for social and labor issues and professional training prioritize the improvement of profession and qualification management. The article shows how the data collection and processing procedure can be unified with the uniform research toolkit.
Conclusions and Relevance Based on the Directory of Occupational Titles at the federal level, a professional qualification management toolkit is devised, thus helping all interested parties improve the staff forecast strategy, ensure the continuity and balance of staff training processes for various sectors, areas and types of occupation, and determine whether professional standards, federal education standards and educational programs should be set up and updated.


Assessing the innovative potential of the region using the cost approach

Fedorova T.A. Higher Technical School Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization for Continuing Professional Education, Tula, Russian Federation ( ftatiana75@mail.ru )

Kozlova N.O. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Tula Branch, Tula, Russian Federation ( 95kno@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #11, 2019

Subject The article considers the valuation of innovative potential of the region that enables to manage innovation on the basis of financially sound management decisions.
Objectives We focus on developing a cost approach to region’s innovative potential assessment to justify the funding volumes for Federal and regional programs for innovation-driven growth.
Methods The study employs methods of asset valuation on the basis of income and cost approaches, methods of descriptive statistics, and data analysis.
Results We developed practice-oriented methods for region’s innovative potential valuation. The paper distinguishes between the current and perspective innovative potential. The former one is built, using the existing innovative businesses and services, innovative technologies of management in government and provision of services in the social sphere. The latter – using the intellectual assets created in the region, which have not yet found an investor, the opportunities of inclusion of certain organizations in global and interregional innovative and technological cycles, the planned innovations in administrating authorities and in the social sphere. The paper substantiates approaches to valuation for each component.
Conclusions The offered methodology is more preferable to indexes that are being used now. It enables better management of innovative development of regions, including justification of areas and volumes of financing, and ultimately, contributes to increasing the return on investment.


Basic parameters of the dividend policy

Nesterenko E.A. Saratov Socio-Economic Institute, Branch of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov, Russian Federation ( ekanest11@yandex.ru )

Kozlova A.S. Saratov Socio-Economic Institute, Branch of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov, Russian Federation ( alina.brosalova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #39, 2015

Importance The scientific community has fundamentally different views on the motivation and drivers that force companies to pay dividends. At present, the volume of studies on basic parameters of the dividend policy is rather limited.
     Objectives The study aims to identify the main parameters of the dividend policy that are based on both the scientific and applied research in the sphere of companies' dividend policy.
     Methods We apply the dialectical method and systems approach to present the main parameters of the dividend policy.
     Results The review of the existing approaches to dividend policy implementation enabled to distinguish its certain types, i.e. the minimum dividend policy, the conservative policy, the moderate policy, the aggressive policy, and the super-aggressive policy. Dividend payments may be either fixed or variable, and be paid both in cash and in kind at year-end or at intervals. The financial base formation to implement the dividend policy by Russian companies depends on the use of Russian Accounting Standards (RAS) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS); meanwhile, companies can create the financial base from both the income generated by all operations and from core operations. Both the shareholders and the company's management may initiate the dividend policy.
     Conclusions The main parameters of the dividend policy include its type, nature of dividend payment, form and frequency of payment, accounting standards applied, a degree of adaptability, degree of normalization, and initiative of formation.


Some features of behavior of subjects of housing and public utility services in Moscow

Kozlova S.B. Department of Economy and Development, Prefecture of Southern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sbkozlova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #32, 2015

Importance The article studies the economically meaningful behavior in public utility services. The paper considers the behavior of economic actors in relation to the financing of public utility services and taking into account the development of the regional Web-portal Our Town, designed and made-to-order of the Moscow City Government.
     Objectives The aim of the study is to identify the determinants of the interaction terms of the economic entities of public utility services of Moscow, for the regional economic policy in housing and communal services sector.
     Methods For the study, I used historical and logical methods, analysis and data synthesis, the method of analogy.
     Results The study defines the economically meaningful behavior as an object of behavioral economics. I found that the economically meaningful behavior is influenced by factors such as value orientations and behavioral dysfunction (propensity to financial abuse, malicious manipulation of individual and social benefits, unfounded trust), socio-cultural environment, the intensive development of information technologies. I specify the most characteristic types of conduct inherent in the actors involved in the provision and consumption of public utility services. I determine the role of information and communication tools (electronic services) and crowd-sourcing as effective tools in regulating relations between the State and society.
     Conclusions and Relevance I concluded that the use of a specially designed information infrastructure for the provision of public utility services gives positive results (mainly, for the State), as well as contributes to easing social tensions, curbing the growth in public expenditure, maintaining the Government's credibility, the creation of temporary reserves to the State for further expansion of the material and technical base of the housing and communal services.


Some features of behavior of subjects of housing and public utility services in Moscow. Part 1: Economically significant behavior and factors of its modeling

Kozlova S.B. Department of Economy and Development, Prefecture of Southern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sbkozlova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #28, 2015

Importance The article studies the economically meaningful behavior in public utility services. The paper considers the behavior of economic actors in relation to the financing of public utility services and taking into account the development of the regional Web-portal Our Town, designed and made-to-order of the Moscow City Government.
     Objectives The aim of the study is to identify the determinants of the interaction terms of the economic entities of public utility services of Moscow, for the regional economic policy in housing and communal services sector.
     Methods For the study, I used historical and logical methods, analysis and data synthesis, the method of analogy.
     Results The study defines the economically meaningful behavior as an object of behavioral economics. I found that the economically meaningful behavior is influenced by factors such as value orientations and behavioral dysfunction (propensity to financial abuse, malicious manipulation of individual and social benefits, unfounded trust), socio-cultural environment, the intensive development of information technologies. I specify the most characteristic types of conduct inherent in the actors involved in the provision and consumption of public utility services. I determine the role of information and communication tools (electronic services) and crowd-sourcing as effective tools in regulating relations between the State and society.
     Conclusions and Relevance I concluded that the use of a specially designed information infrastructure for the provision of public utility services gives positive results (mainly, for the State), as well as contributes to easing social tensions, curbing the growth in public expenditure, maintaining the Government's credibility, the creation of temporary reserves to the State for further expansion of the material and technical base of the housing and communal services.


Updating the governmental data source 'Directory of Occupations': Monitoring of qualifications and occupational titles in areas of professional activities

Voloshina I.A. Russian Research Institute of Labor of Ministry of Labor of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( i_voloshina@list.ru )

Kozlova L.V. Russian Research Institute of Labor of Ministry of Labor of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( lidiyakozlova@yandex.ru )

Novikova T.R. Financial Research Institute of Ministry of Finance of Russian Federation (FRI), Moscow, Russian Federation ( tnovikova@nifi.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2018

Subject The Directory of Occupations is made up and updated by constantly tracing changes in the labor market in terms of quality and quantity. Monitoring professions and qualifications of a certain discipline turns to be the most promising aspect to study, being capable of becoming the basic mechanism for updating the Directory.
Objectives The research represents a comprehensive analysis focused on results of monitoring of professions and qualifications in a certain discipline, theoretical and practical approaches to such monitoring. We also determine whether it is possible to use the results to form and update the governmental data source ‘Directory of Occupations’.
Methods We review basic mechanisms for updating the Directory of Occupations by monitoring professions and qualifications in a certain area.
Results We evaluate future developments and restrictions in the monitoring of professions and qualifications as a basic tool to form and update the Directory of Occupations. We outline the main approaches to studying professions and qualifications in the labor market, controlling and recording changes in the content of professional types, and identifying new types of employment and labor.
Conclusions and Relevance Monitoring of professions and qualifications can be used as a key tool to form and update the Directory of Occupations. Timely and regular updates of the Directory of Occupations will allow to refine the staff forecasting strategies, ensure the continuous and balanced process of staff training in various sectors and disciplines, determine whether it is necessary to set up and update professional standards, federal educational standards and programs.


A comparative assessment of human capital in federal districts of the Russian Federation

Zabelina O.V. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( zabelina@tversu.ru )

Kozlova T.M. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( tmkozlova@yandex.ru )

Romanyuk A.V. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( romanjuck_a_v@list.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #37, 2014

The article considers the problem of human capital assessment of the federal districts of the Russian Federation. The authors elucidate the concept of human capital of the federal district as an aggregate of the capabilities of population of an appropriate territory, which were formed at the expense of individual and public investment. The investment provides the subjects of the regional economics with income and ensures the quantitative growth and qualitative changes. The article deals with the essential characteristics of the structure elements of human capital of the federal district: educational capital, labor capital, health capital, as well as the social and cultural capital. The authors emphasize the sociological and representative approaches to the assessment of human capital of the federal district. The first approach is based on the results of an empirical sociological research within the definite territory, and it is characterized by the enhanced time consumption and exerted efforts. The second approach is based on the selection of regional statistics indexes. It is characterized by the relative simplicity in use, and it requires less time for its implementation. The authors use the method of an indicative analysis, and they estimate the individual indexes of human capital element of territories. This method serves as the basis for calculation of an integrated index of human capital in districts for the period of 2010-2011. The article determines that the biggest value of the index of educational capital for the analyzed period goes to the Central Federal District; with respect to labor capital it goes to the Volga Federal District; with respect to the health capital it goes to the Northern Caucasian Federal District; and with respect to the social and cultural capital it goes to the Southern Federal District. Based on the analyzed data, the authors come to a conclusion that, in general, with respect to the level of human capital the North Caucasian Federal District assumes the leading position.


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