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U.S. military assistance to the states of South Caucasus (2009-2012)

Konyshev V.N. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Department of International Relations Theory & History, the St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #28, 2013

Now the region of the Caucasus is declared by a zone of "the vital interests" USA connected with participation in production and transportation of the Caspian oil. In the article the maintenance of policy of military and technical cooperation of the USA concerning Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia and its consequence for regional balance of forces are considered.


Developed direction of modern military strategy

Ryhtik M.I. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of International Relations, the Nizhny Novgorod State University named after NI Lobachevsky ( mrykhtik@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #29, 2013

The review provides a critical analysis of a training manual on the evolution of modern military strategy written by VN Konyshev and AA Sergunina. In the guide the characteristic of the terminology used in strategic research is considered the evolution of the concept of "military strategy", the doctrinal documents and direction of military construction in the United States and Russia over the last twenty years are analyzes.


The U.S. Arctic strategy and Russia's national interests

Konyshev V.N. PhD of Political Sciences, Professor of department "Theory & History of International Relations", the St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of department "Theory & History of International Relations", the St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #48, 2012

In the conditions of a competition aggravation for strategic control over the Arctic for Russia it is extremely important to define nature of the relationship with key "players" in the region, including the USA. In the article the issue is considered: whether there is a potential for cooperation with Washington in the Arctic? Or the USA are focused on carrying out a hegemonic and unilateral course in this region


U.S. military strategy in the Arctic and Russia's national security

Konyshev V.N. St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #20, 2014

The article examines the newest trends in the U.S. military strategy in the High North as well as its implications for the Russian Federation's national security. The author makes critical analysis of the U.S. conceptual/doctrinal basis for its military policies in the region. The paper discusses the issue whether the current bias of Washington's Arctic strategy to the use of military/coercive methods and instruments is serious or not. The authors study the effects of the present-day U.S. course on the Russian positions in the region as well as development of the Russian Arctic zone.


Russia's national interests in Arctic: myths and realities

Konyshev V.N. Ph., Professor of Political Science, Department of International Relations Theory & History School of International Relations, St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Ph., Professor of Political Science, Department of International Relations Theory & History School of International Relations, St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #29, 2011

This article examines Russia’s socio-economic, political, military-strategic and ecological interests. It is emphasized that these interests are of long-standing rather than conjuncture nature and they need a constant attention of both the state and the whole society. They should be regularly updated and provided with an adequate normative-legal basis. The authors draw a conclusion that international cooperation rather than confrontation is the preferable option for the region.


Barak Obama’s new military doctrine and Russia’s national interests

Konyshev V.N. Doctor of Political Science, professor of department International Relations Theory & History, St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Doctor of Political Science, professor of department International Relations Theory & History, St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #14, 2012

The new military doctrine of the USA aimed at decrease in level of defensive expenses and the American military presence abroad is analyzed. It has less aggressive character, than at previous doctrines. However cause concern intention of the USA to have unlimited access to global natural resources and ways of their transportation, uncertainty of the American plans concerning the EUROABM, a rate on strengthening fight against "cyber-terrorism" (Russia is accused of being involved in it).


Exploitation of natural resources of Arctic: ways of cooperation of Russia with China in future interests

Konyshev V.N. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of department “Theory and History of International Relations”, the St. Petersburg State University ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of department “Theory and History of International Relations”, the St. Petersburg State University ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #39, 2012

China, as well as some other not Arctic states, raises a claim to exploitation of natural resources of the Arctic. In the future it can lead to a rivalry aggravation with Russia possessing rich resources in the polar region. China Strategy and possible ways of cooperation of China with Russia in the Arctic is analyzed. It is noted that the People's Republic of China possesses considerable financial and economic and scientific and technological potential which can appear the extremely useful to Russia in development of the Arctic.


U.S. ballistic missile defense system and Russia's national security

Subbotin S.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics, Nizhny Novgorod Branch, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( ssubbotin@hse.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2016

Importance The research presents a review of the collective monograph by V.N. Konyshev, A.A. Sergunin and V.I. Shatskaya on the U.S. ballistic missile defense systems.
Objectives I carry out a critical analysis of materials on the U.S. ballistic missile defense systems at the national, regional and global levels.
Methods The review involves the method of analytical deconstruction so to figure out the idea and message of the research in question, its structural specifics, strengths and weaknesses.
Results The authors provided convincing arguments that the U.S. ballistic missile defense system would change the balance of global political powers. The book overviews milestones the U.S. ballistic missile defense policy underwent, its composition, functions, and the role in the military strategy. Illustrating Europe, Middle East, Asia-Pacific Regions and the Arctic, the book investigates the practices of deploying regional ballistic missile defense systems.
Conclusions and Relevance The book makes a serious contribution to research into the U.S. ballistic missile defense systems and its implications for national, regional and global systems of security. The book raises issues that encompass practical, scientific and educational areas. The review emphasizes that the monograph is useful for practitioners, and those who study aspects of national and international security, military strategies of the leading States.


The national model of political socialization of the youth and national security of Russia

Fantrov P.P. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( pavelfantrov@rambler.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2017

Importance The article reviews the current need to create a national and public model of controllable political socialization of the Russian youth.
Objectives The research examines activities of governmental and civil institutions, which are supposed to carry out controllable socialization of the Russian young people. I also analyze issues of creating an effective model of political socialization as part of Russia's national security.
Methods The theoretical and methodological framework comprises ideas of A.A. Vilkov, V.N. Konyshev, R. Merelman, A.V. Ponedelkov who specialize in political socialization of the youth and Russia’s national security. Studying political socialization in the context of the national security, I applied institutional, systemic and structural and dialectical methods, which allowed for common and specific aspects to be found.
Results The article displays the need to create a controllable national model for political socialization of the Russian youth, pursuing the national security and improvement of laws that govern the process. I also determined the dialectical role civil and governmental institutions played in this process.
Conclusions and Relevance The research has certain significance since it evaluates the political socialization process in relation to the Russian youth in the context of national security. I conclude that the youth should take an active and immediate part in political processes in the Russian society.


Social mobility in the Russian Arctic

Konyshev V.N. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( konyshev06@mail.ru )

Sergunin A.A. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( sergunin60@mail.ru )

Subbotin S.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics – Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( sersubb-2@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2017

Importance The article presents our review of the monograph edited by M. Laruelle on the migration processes in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
Objectives We critically evaluate the author's conclusions on the social mobility patterns in the Arctic during the post-Soviet period.
Methods Our review is based on the discourse and source critique.
Results We find out that the book overviews three types of the social mobility in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, i.e. social capital mobility, work in shifts and migration processes among smaller native peoples of the North. The book also examines a considerable change in the social, cultural and ethnic situation in urban areas of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and the origination of the multicultural society in many cities of the Far North. The review also presents some critical comments.
Conclusions and Relevance The book may be informative for those working in science and education. In particular, the review mentions that the monograph is useful for those who study the contemporary history of the Russian Arctic and current social trends in the regions. Despite certain weaknesses and disputable statements, the book is undoubtedly significant, since it substantially contributes to the development of the global studies into the Arctic.


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