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Analyzing the business strategies of innovatively active enterprises

Bat'kovskii A.M. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( batkovsky@yandex.ru )

Kalachikhin P.A. All-Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( studypavel@mail.ru )

Kravchuk P.V. AO INTELelectron Research and Testing Center, Moscow, Russian Federation ( p.kravchuk@mail.ru )

Tel'nov Yu.F. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( YTelnov@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2018

Subject The article considers strategies of innovatively active enterprises.
Objectives The study aims to analyze business strategies of enterprises engaged in innovative activities, increase the efficiency of strategy adaptation to changes in external realities. We view the strategy development from the perspective of the game-theoretic interpretation. The strategy structure is formalized as a relationship between a number of strategic goals that are set under the S.M.A.R.T. technique and means to achieve the goals that are limited by capabilities of the enterprise.
Methods The study employs methods of logical and statistical analysis, economic and mathematical modeling, the games theory, fuzzy logic, and expert assessments.
Results We offer a fuzzy strategy model being a response to increasing distortions and contradictions in the initial data, which hinder adequate strategic decision making. The paper shows how the metrics of strategic goals are integrated into the balanced score card system, considers the structure of indicator for achieving the strategic goals, and presents a methodology for assessing the probability of achieving strategic goals of enterprises.
Conclusions A business strategy is quite valuable for any innovatively active enterprise. It is a tool to ensure financial equilibrium in market conditions. In future, it is necessary to generalize the formalization of the enterprise strategy to the broader concept of economic strategy through replacing the enterprise by any type of commercial organization.


Streamlining the enterprise network structure

Bat'kovskii A.M. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( batkovsky@yandex.ru )

Kalachikhin P.A. All-Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( studypavel@mail.ru )

Kravchuk P.V. INTEL ELECTRON Research Center, Moscow, Russian Federation ( p.kravchuk@mail.ru )

Tel'nov Yu.F. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( YTelnov@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #2, 2019

Subject The article addresses the methods for streamlining the configuration of enterprise network structure that enable to customize the value chain to maximize the success rate of joint projects aimed at innovative product creation.
Objectives The purpose of this study is to develop methods and tools for intelligent support to decision-making in enterprise engineering to optimize the configuration of network structures.
Methods The study rests on methodological approach to justifying the decisions in the conditions of initial data shortage and incompleteness. It is based on soft models and serves as an alternative to traditional decision-making methods described by other authors. This approach combines the use of fuzzy sets and expert judgment. The development of the methodology and tools for making strategic decisions relies on fuzzy sets application.
Results We developed methods and tools for enterprise engineering based on intelligent decision-making technologies and multi-agent systems. The paper presents tools for streamlining the configuration of enterprise network structure. It proves that it is possible to increase the efficiency of interaction between enterprises united by common goals through using the services that enable to find information about enterprise potential partners. The findings are useful for optimization of enterprise network structures based on multi-agent technologies and formalization of roles of main agents of the value chain for a network-based business model.
Conclusions If introduced, the findings will enable enterprises to increase competitiveness and efficiency. The novelty of the research is the use of multi-agent technology. It helps rapid adaptation of enterprise architecture to changes in conditions and market requirements.


Business process re-engineering at enterprises of the military-industrial complex during their diversification

Bat'kovskii A.M. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI), Moscow, Russian Federation ( batkovsky@yandex.ru )

Kalachikhin P.A. All-Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information of Russian Academy of Sciences (VINITI RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation ( studypavel@mail.ru )

Tel'nov Yu.F. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( YTelnov@mail.ru )

Khrustalev E.Yu. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (CEMI RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation ( stalev777@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #10, 2019

Subject The article focuses on business process re-engineering methods at enterprises of the military-industrial complex, which undergo the diversification process.
Objectives The study devises methods and means for making managerial decisions to determine the most appropriate business models of enterprises operating in the military-industrial complex during the military production diversification.
Methods The study is based on the methodological approach to substantiating decisions when input data are scare and incomplete. To accommodate for diversification tasks, enterprises need to make strategic decisions reshaping their business model and configure certain business processes, considering the interaction of enterprises through their respective production chains and enterprises from other industries. Re-engineering business processes, the so called digital models of value should be employed, since they imply the assessment of specific indicators. What distinguishes the proposed methodology is that it involves meta-ontologies, classification patterns, quality scales and production rules for fuzzy logic to consolidate indicators. Business model is viewed as a strategic choice requiring an adequate methodological underpinning.
Results We designed methods and means for business re-engineering that are based on intellectual technologies supporting the decision-making process. The proposed economic and mathematical model can be used to create the intellectual system based on knowledge and designated for business engineering during the military production diversification. Relying on expert judgment and heuristic patters, the original technique allows to make leveraged business decisions and choose the appropriate business model.
Conclusions and Relevance If implemented, the findings and results hereof will help enterprises promote their overall efficiency and competitiveness during the diversification process. The findings may be used to set and perform military production diversification plans and programs, which are run by enterprises of the military-industrial complex.


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