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The role of energy in the cooperation between Kazakhstan and the European Union

Ivanov D.A. Embassy of Republic of Kazakhstan in Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( ivanov2030@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #9, 2017

Importance The European Union (EU) is Kazakhstan's first trade and economic partner despite neighboring markets of Russia and China. The parties have signed the Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement in 2015 with respect to Kazakhstan's obligations in the Eurasian Economic Union and WTO. Energy is a key element in the cooperation between Kazakhstan and the EU. Both sides are keen to provide energy security. The major part of the Kazakh oil exports goes to Europe. Kazakh crude oil and uranium are the most valuable energy resources for the EU in Central Asia.
Objectives The research provides unbiased information about the current status and prospects for the development of the bilateral cooperation in energy.
Methods The research applies a systems approach and traditional method for comparative analysis, up-to-date statistical data from international and Kazakh sources.
Results I overview the Kazakh oil and gas industry and the European multinational corporations' strategy in the country. I make the first attempt to scrutinize the structure of trade in energy goods, existing barriers that impede a full-fledged Kazakhstan-EU energy dialogue. I thus introduce my own recommendations and describe the role of Russia and China in the Kazakh-European energy cooperation.
Conclusions and Relevance Despite the relatively high level of Kazakhstan's cooperation with the EU in energy, Astana will remain just an alternative energy supplier to Europe, and thus the share of the country's energy supplies is unlikely to increase. The role of Russia and China in the Kazakh energy industry will rise and that of the EU will decline in the future.


Assessing the influence of the dynamics of loans to individuals on bank performance indicators

Ivanov A.P. Russian Open Transport Academy of Moscow State University of Railway Engineering, Moscow, Russian Federation ( ark@e-diva.ru )

Mikhalev A.S. PAO URALSIB, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alexmikhalev87@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #40, 2015

Subject The article addresses the operating efficiency of credit institutions.
     Objectives The study aims to consider the effect of credit policy focused on loans to individuals on bank performance indicators.
     Methods To perform the analysis, we selected 50 credit institutions with the highest figure of total assets as of the end of 2013, and distinguished a group of retail banks (focusing their credit policy on loans to individuals) and a group of universal banks (having a relatively balanced proportion of loans to legal entities and individuals). We defined a set of indicators characterizing the bank operating efficiency, and compared the indicators calculated for these two groups to assess the influence of the dynamics of loans to individuals on bank performance indicators.
     Results The findings show that the total loan portfolio yield (inclusive of loan loss provision) of universal banks is lower than that retail banks. Universal banks demonstrated better ratios of operating expense to loan portfolio, and the sum of operating and interest expenses to loan portfolio. We selected the return on equity and return on assets as resulting indicators of performance.
     Conclusions The retail model of banking business proves to be more efficient in terms of credit institution's profit maximization. However, this study does not cover the issue of the stability of the retail banking model, which requires special consideration.


Assessing the innovation development as a component of enterprise competitiveness evaluation

Leont'ev N.Ya. AO ASE Engineering Company, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( n.leontyev@niaep.ru )

Ivanov A.A. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( alexey.iff@yandex.ru )

Ivanova N.D. Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University n.a. R.E. Alekseev, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( lavrentievan@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #8, 2018

Importance The article reviews indicators for rapid assessment of the current position and innovative capacity of the enterprise to enhance its competitive ability and choose a development strategy.
Objectives The study aims to design methods to assess the efficiency of innovative development of the enterprise for improving its competitiveness.
Methods The study draws on general methods of scientific research, method of enterprise development, ratio analysis, classification techniques, graphical visualization, and a matrix approach.
Results We considered the most relevant approaches and methods of enterprise innovative development evaluation, their advantages and disadvantages, and areas for further improvement. The paper presents our own classification of indicators of innovative development based on the assessment of current position and development prospects, and gives examples of these indicators. We developed a matrix scheme for visualization of results and further development strategy selection. The paper also includes an integrated methodology for evaluation of innovative development efficiency.
Conclusions As investments are expected to yield results not only in the short term but also in the far future, the application of only current performance estimates limits the significance of results. The inclusion of a dynamic component will make it possible to assess the sustainability of innovative development and competitiveness of the enterprise as a whole.


Identifying the critical areas in the public finance of territorial entities of different levels from the perspective of the national security of the Russian Federation

Ivanov P.A. Institute of Social and Economic Research of Ufa Scientific Center of RAS, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( cjufa84@rambler.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #7, 2016

Importance The financial instability in both external and domestic financial markets necessitates improving the balance, debt sustainability of the Russian budgetary system through strengthening the financial security as one of the most important element of the overall national security.
Objectives The study aims to review the financial performance and budget targets of the national security, and their thresholds enabling to assess the budgets of constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets from the perspective of their balance and debt sustainability and identify critical areas in public finance.
Methods Using the statistical and econometric methods, I calculated indicators of balance and debt sustainability, compared actual data with threshold values, and classified debt sustainability indicators by four zones (normal, pre-crisis 1 (initial), pre-crisis 2 (developing), critical).
Results The paper reveals greater differentiation in the analyzed indicators at the regional level as compared to the municipal one, shows critical zones in public finance in terms of annual amount of debt repayment and service (over half of Russian subjects and about 1/3 of municipalities are in the critical zone) and leverage, including loans from the budget (14 subjects are in the critical zone). The analysis of consolidated budget deficit of the RF subjects for 2014–2015 shows the balance improvement in most regions.
Conclusions It is crucial to officially approve threshold values of indicators measuring the national security in the effective National Security Strategy, increase the transparency of analytical information on the results of State monitoring of the national security.


Modeling the spatial distribution of economic resources when establishing industrial fishing corporations

Khrapov V.E. Institute for Economic Problems n.a. G.P. Luzin, Kola Scientific Centre of RAS, Apatity, Murmansk Region, Russian Federation ( khrapov00@mail.ru )

Ivanov T.N. Murmansk Academy of Economics and Management, Murmansk, Russian Federation ( timuriwanow@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #43, 2014

Importance Due to unfavorable investment conditions in the country, growing capital outflows and the national economy growth slowdown, the regional economic policy should rest on more accurate methods of identifying the most promising industrial complexes, which provide the greatest multiplicative effect for territorial development. The article considers the issues of developing the methods of quantitative measurement of spatial distribution of resources under the influence of an industrial complex functioning (on the case of a fishing complex of the seaside region).
     Objectives The goal of the authors was to elaborate methods of quantitative evaluation of a fishing complex influence on spatial distribution of resources in the regional economy.
     Methods Using the methods of economic-mathematical modeling, the authors analyzed the interaction of a fishing complex with related industries. In the course of the study, the authors applied the methodology of simulation modeling of economic processes and the methodology of structural analysis and design. The result of the study is a simulation model of operations of a fishing complex, which demonstrates quantitative relationship between the fishing industry and related industries. To develop the model, the authors have chosen the Simulink development environment on the basis of the Matlab platform as it has the highest degree of visual programming principle realization.
     Results The authors concluded that a fishing industry complex creates a significant aggregate demand for businesses operating in related industries. This result is important for identifying the most promising sectors in terms of regional growth.
     Conclusions and Relevance However, the model has a number of shortcomings and needs further elaboration.


The impact of the policy of lending to individuals on bank's stability

Ivanov A.P. Russian Open Transport Academy of Moscow State University of Railway Engineering, Moscow, Russian Federation ( ark@e-diva.ru )

Mikhalev A.S. OAO URALSIB, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alexmikhalev87@gmail.com )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #39, 2015

Importance The problem of stability of credit institutions being a center of financial flows is particularly relevant for countries with developing economies.
     Objectives The paper aims to study the relation of the credit policy focused on loans to individuals and the bank's stability.
     Methods The study rests on analysis, synthesis, comparison and generalization methods.
     Results We consider various approaches to the definition of banking stability. There is a need to assess the category together with the credit organization's balance sheet. We define a set of indicators characterizing the bank's balance sheet, and analyze changes in selected ratios when implementing the credit policy focused on lending to individuals. Banks, using a retail lending model, have a bigger share of past due loans, less share of loan portfolio reserve, and less liquidity in the balance sheet. They considerably use retail deposits, but alternative sources of funding, like corporate deposits, issued securities, interbank loans are underutilized. At the same time, retail credit institutions have longer-maturity liabilities due to higher yield; the latter neutralizes the lower ratio of liquid assets to total assets.
     Conclusions If external factors are positive (no stress situations in the economy, growing demand for banking products), the retail lending model is more profitable. However, qualitative and structural characteristics of balance sheet are indicative of the lower degree of financial stability as compared to credit institutions with a more balanced portfolio in terms of the customer segment.


Evaluating the economic security of the region: Evidence from the Republic of Bashkortostan and the Ivanovo oblast

Ivanov P.A. Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Ufa Science Centre of RAS, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( ivanov-ran@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2017

Importance As the world veers off the unipolar course and tends to the multipolar one, geopolitical and financial instability of the global economy increases. In such situation any State gets very preoccupied with its own economic security. In this respect, it is reasonable to consider the way of ensuring the economic security at the regional level.
Objectives The research systematizes national security indicators of the Russian regions in the financial sector and analyzes them through two constituent entities of the Russian Federation – the Republic of Bashkortostan and Ivanovo oblast. I also identify difficulties in their monitoring.
Methods Analyzing the economic security at the regional level, I use statistical and econometric methods of research and review key criteria for selecting which indicators should be applied to evaluate the economic security at the regional level. I classify financial indicators of the national security of the regions and their thresholds by institutional sector of the economy, i.e. the State, business and households.
Results Illustrating two constituent entities of the Russian Federation, I evaluate the economic security and identify sensitive areas and aspects. The article notes the economic security of Bashkortostan declined in 2015 and remained low in the Ivanovo oblast. I also determine what impedes the development of the economic security monitoring.
Conclusions and Relevance I conclude it is necessary to create a balanced set of indicators to evaluate the economic security of the Russian Federation and its constituent entities, formalize their thresholds in strategic planning documents, and articulate unified principles for developing the practice of economic security monitoring at the regional level. The findings may prove useful for governmental and local authorities to monitor the economic security and make managerial decisions on the elimination of threats.


Priority areas of the Federal Financial Monitoring Service's activities for countering illegal money laundering

Agapova T.N. Kikot Moscow University of Ministry of Interior of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( tnagapova@gmail.com )

Ivanov A.V. Kikot Moscow University of Ministry of Interior of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( ivanof91@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #32, 2015

Importance The article examines the countering money laundering and terrorism financing, being one of the State's economic security aspects that requires international, governmental and private organizations cooperate and coordinate their activities. The Federal Financial Monitoring Service is the key agent against money laundering, within the economic security system of the Russian Federation. Currently, there are a lot of discussions on setting up the most effective system for the Federal Financial Monitoring Service to analyze information resources.
     Objectives The research studies anti-money laundering activities of the Federal Financial Monitoring Service and the level of its cooperation with law enforcement authorities concerning this issue.
     Methods The research employs such general scientific methods as an abstraction and logic method, generalization, systematization, comparison, induction, deduction, analysis and synthesis. During the economic analysis, we approached to economic, statistical, system and structural methods.
     Results The research explores the main areas of the Service's financial monitoring, evaluates its cooperation with law enforcement authorities by analyzing financial investigations in money laundering and terrorism financing.
     Conclusions and Relevance The research brings practical value as its outcome and conclusions can be used to evaluate the criminal situation. The main provisions and recommendations can serve as a methodological basis for evaluating the anti-money laundering and terrorism financing system in modern Russia. We conclude that the Federal Financial Monitoring Service should implement IT in its analytical practices and cooperate more effectively with law enforcement units in order to improve the analysis of information on money laundering and terrorism financing.


Radical fanaticism as a security threat to football competitions: Countering practices and containment methods through the lens of the 2018 World Cup

Pal'tsev A.I. Siberian Institute of International Relations and Regional Studies (SIMOR), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( palzew@mail.ru )

Baskakov S.M. Siberian Institute of International Relations and Regional Studies (SIMOR), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( romann1960@mail.ru )

Ivanov S.A. Siberian Institute of International Relations and Regional Studies (SIMOR), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( 2002ссс@mail.ru )

Chalykh S.A. Siberian Institute of International Relations and Regional Studies (SIMOR), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( xtn@ngs.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2017

Importance Currently, radical fanaticism in football is a substantial threatening factor for sporting contests and public security. The article analyzes methods for countering and containment of this phenomena, being important for Russia before the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
Objectives The research examines and summarizes foreign and Russian practices of countering radical fanaticism in football, identifies the most effective forms for curbing illegal activities. We articulate and substantiate our own methods in this area.
Methods We apply a systems approach, traditional methods of theoretical research, i.e. deduction, induction, methods of analysis and synthesis.
Results We provide the rationale for a cluster approach to countering radical fanaticism in football. It requires to split the competition process into three structural components – transport, tourism and sports. As part of the clusters, we suggest implementing a set of preventive measures to screen radical fans before football matches. This technique will help to demarcate areas of law enforcement authorities’ responsibilities and duties and timely respond to unlawful activities of radical football fans.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed model unifies methodological approaches to countering radical fanaticism and consider the specifics of each football match. Our recommendations and conclusions can be used by law enforcement authorities of Russia to deter radical football fans and set up a comprehensive security system for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.


Inter-regional and cross-border cooperation between Russia and Kazakhstan: main priorities

Ivanov V.N. Ural Social Economic Institute (branch) of Academy of Labor and Social Relations, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( rfkbyf@yandex.ru )

Zhundubaev M.K. Chelyabinsk State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( zhundubacv2011@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2015

Importance The paper deals with the development of inter-regional and cross-border cooperation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan's regions as an integrated part of inter-State relations. The importance of the study of this problem arises from the fact that the current integration processes between Russia and Kazakhstan have reached a qualitatively new level. With the countries' participation, the Customs Union has been created and is actively functioning. The agreement on establishing the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEC), which entered into force in January 2015, has been signed. The regions of the two countries are aimed to play a significant role within these organizations.
     Importance The paper reveals the content of the priorities of the Russia-Kazakhstan border cooperation at the present stage. Given the stated purpose, the article considers the following aspects of the problem: the nature of activities of actors of the Russia-Kazakhstan inter-regional and cross-border cooperation, their priorities while choosing the forms and areas of cooperation, and the evaluation of results of the interaction.
     Methods In our paper, we analyzed the Russia-Kazakhstan inter-regional and cross-border cooperation at the national, regional and local levels by using the systematic approach and comparative, historical, and statistical methods. The article describes the content of the main areas of its development at the present stage, including economy, solving social and humanitarian problems, challenges of combating illegal migration, international crime, cooperation in preventing emergency situations and mitigation of their consequences.
     Results We conclude that the economic cooperation is a key element. In this area, the countries give special importance to industrial cooperation between enterprises of the border areas and inland regions of Russia and Kazakhstan.
     Conclusions and Relevance The economic cooperation is considered as an important task of the economic integration process between the two countries, and as a significant factor of improving the national business competitiveness in the global markets.


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