SEARCH
 

Search

 

Результаты поиска 1 - 2 из 2
Начало | Пред. | 1 | След. | Конец


The practice to reserve time for employees' pilot projects development as a factor of innovation activity of companies in the Commonwealth of Independent States

Ginoyan A.B. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation ( mweneli89@gmail.com )

Mel'nikov R.M. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation ( rmmel@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #9, 2018

Importance The article reviews the impact of time reserve provided to employees for pilot project development on innovation activity of companies operating in the real sector of economy.
Objectives The aim is to evaluate how this practice and its interaction with professional training and formal employee education impacts innovation activity of companies in the CIS member States.
Methods Using the data of survey conducted by EBRD and the World Bank, we estimate average marginal effects of the practice to reserve time for employees to develop pilot projects and its interaction with other characteristics of human resource development on the innovation activity indicator of companies.
Results The findings show that in the CIS countries investments in on-the-job training have a greater effect on innovation activity than those in general human capital during university studies. We found that the practice of providing a time reserve to employees to develop their pilot projects has a greater effect on company's innovation activity compared to professional training.
Conclusions The government should support these practices through subsidies and fiscal incentives. The companies using both of these methods of human resource development achieve a higher level of innovation activity.


Evaluating the social and economic efficiency of investment in high-tech perinatal centers considering the learning curve effect

Ginoyan A.B. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( mweneli89@gmail.com )

Mel'nikov R.M. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation ( rmmel@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #8, 2019

Subject We provide a quantitative assessment of socio-economic efficiency of investment in the creation of perinatal centers under Russian conditions.
Objectives The purpose is to study the impact of the program for creating high-tech children's perinatal centers in Russian regions on changes in maternal and infant mortality rates and social well-being.
Methods We apply the regression analysis of panel data on infant and maternal mortality rates in Russian regions, which enables to assess the effect of commissioning a perinatal center while monitoring other factors, and compare the costs and benefits of investing in the creation of a perinatal center during the life cycle of the project.
Results We show that the opening of high-tech children's perinatal centers in Russian regions as part of the implementation of the Health national project, resulted in a reduction in infant mortality rate by 10 percent and maternal mortality by 15 percent. The study reveals the effect of the learning curve, which is to improve the quality of work of the perinatal center's staff as experience with high-tech medical equipment is gained, and the contribution of the center to the decline in infant and maternal mortality in the region, as the useful life increases.
Conclusions Solid investment in the implementation of the program for creating perinatal centers in the Russian regions as a whole are justified. However, the monetized benefits of this capital-intensive program are moderate.


Результаты поиска 1 - 2 из 2
Начало | Пред. | 1 | След. | Конец


Отсортировано по релевантности | Сортировать по дате