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The Russian investment and construction complex as a synergistic system

Geras'kina I.N. Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #2, 2017

Importance The construction industry as one of the most important cross-sectoral economic complexes is a subsystem of the national economy. It includes branches of material production and design and survey work to ensure the reproduction of fixed capital, and performs a single technological cycle of construction product manufacture, meeting the public demands.
Objectives The study aims to review the synergy of investment and construction complex being of great importance for the economic system of Russia.
Methods In the study, I employed a systems-synergistic approach, tenets of logic, methods of analysis and synthesis, scientific abstraction.
Results The characteristics of the investment and construction complex system include the following: structural elements can also refer to other production systems; high degree of dependency of the ultimate goal (result) on the organization of links (direct and inverse) in the chain of system-structural elements' interaction.
Conclusions The investment-and-construction complex of the Russian Federation is a synergistic system consisting of a number of interrelated economic subsystems. The latter have certain independence and autonomy in choosing the optimal mode of operation to meet the needs of the society.

A mechanism for benchmarking implementation in the system of strategic management of an enterprise for sustainable development purposes

Geras'kina I.N. Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #24, 2015

Importance The main problem of the current economic situation in Russia is to achieve global competitiveness and sustainable growth of key industries. A solution to this problem is associated with strategic projects for innovative development of enterprises, where the central place should be given to strategic benchmarking.
     Objectives The study aims to build a mechanism to introduce benchmarking in the strategic management system of an enterprise. The mechanism focuses on continuous improvement of business processes and sustainable development of the managed object.
     Methods I used the methods of economic research (observation, modeling, scientific abstraction, analysis, synthesis, and systems approach) to identify various aspects of strategic benchmarking, its role as one of control parameters of the socio-economic system, and as an object under the priority areas of science, technology and engineering development.
     Results I emphasize the specifics of the strategy that rests on the benchmarking results, as well as principles and reasons constraining its full-scale application. The article presents the process of benchmarking implementation in the enterprise management, and a model of making strategic decisions of the enterprise based on benchmarking. Following the research results testing, I offer a strategic solution for industrial enterprise Orbita, i.e. implementation of a new automated control system to provide managers with timely and reliable information.
     Conclusions For domestic high-tech industries, it is important to devise a benchmarking development strategy identifying the key areas of breakthrough and synergies.

Mathematical modeling of a cyclical trend in the investment and construction sphere of the Russian Federation under innovative transformations

Geras'kina I.N. Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( )

Kudryavtsev A.Yu. AO All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Radio Engineering, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #11, 2017

Importance At the present stage of its development, the economic science requires timely and qualitative forecasting of economic system's crisis. The article considers new approaches to studying the trends in and management of complex systems, taking into account the natural behavior and properties identified in the process of economic and mathematical modeling.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to devise a mathematical model describing the cyclical development of the Russian investment and construction sector for qualitative forecasts and support to management decisions.
Methods We apply the analysis of the phase space to identify the existing attractors of the economic system, transition between them, and conditions facilitating a switch from one state to another. The phase curve provides a visual representation of the trend in economic system's development, which is essential for making strategic decisions based on economic-mathematical modeling.
Results We have developed a user-friendly economic and mathematical model. It enables to use statistical data and describe cyclic and transition processes; to qualitatively predict the value of a new cycle of the Russian investment and construction sector; to identify the sensitivity of parameters of the order to the dynamics of governing variables, the bifurcation state and behavior of the object under certain managerial influence.
Conclusions Approximation of statistical data, analysis of phase curves of resulting variables helped obtain a mathematical model of cyclic development of the economic system under consideration.

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