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Foreign specifics of planning and earmarking State funds for Science

Feoktistova O.A. Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( feoktistova@nifi.ru )

Fokina T.V. National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( fokina@nifi.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #39, 2015

Importance Science is a key driver of increasing the national competitiveness. Hence a high quality of scientific findings and their focus on satisfaction of contemporary society and science-based and hi-tech economy's interests became a priority for national governments and supranational bodies.
     Objectives We analyzed foreign experience, which is interesting for Russia, since the RF Government wants the Russian science to regain its leading positions. Science acquired its new role in the national economic development as it was necessary to dramatically modify the system of public administration of scientific researches and developments, and mechanisms for coordinating activities of all parties to the process.
     Methods Using a comparative analysis, we reviewed the practice of planning and earmarking State funds for science in the OECD nations.
     Results We formulated the specifics of planning and allocating State funds for science, and some recommendations for Russia.
     Conclusions and Relevance The analysis makes its scientific contribution to developing the methodology for governing State funds in R&D and improving the efficiency of this activity. The quality of scientific findings and developments and the efficiency of research institutions should be improved through alignment of budgetary finance with performance of institutions, competition for State aid and R&D standards and evaluation. This approach will increase the quality of the Russian R&D.


A Unified registry for social benefit recipients: international practice and the perspectives for Russia

Feoktistova O.A. Center for Fiscal Policy, Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( feoktistova@nifi.ru )

Andreeva E.I. Center for Fiscal Policy, Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( andreeva@nifi.ru )

Fokina T.V. Center for Fiscal Policy, Financial Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( fokina@nifi.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #16, 2016

Importance Federal, regional and local governments in Russia offer a wide variety of social benefits, both monetary and in-kind. However, there is no unified database of all recipients, and coordination of social support measures between different levels of government is poor. This leads to inefficiency and overspending.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to analyze best practices in creating and maintaining unified registries for social benefit recipients, and to formulate findings to inform policy makers.
Methods The methodology rests on the comparative analysis of international practices in developing and using single registries for social benefit recipients.
Results The findings show that there is a need for decentralized operation of the social information system through a common platform, enabling information exchange among the participants. Coordination and administrative functions related to the unified system of social information should be separated from the management of specific programs for social protection. Among other requirements for the system to be efficient are clear allocation of functions and duties of all participants, balance of their interests, high quality of information stored in the system, existence of unique identification code for all recipients.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering the positive and negative international experience may help avoid costly errors and considerably increase chances of Russia in creating an effective integrated system of social information.


Revolving funds in the budgetary practice of Canada and the USA

Bogacheva O.V. Research Financial Institution of Ministry of Finance of Russian Federation, Institute of World Economy and International Relations of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( bogacheva@nifi.ru )

Fokina T.V. Research Financial Institution of Ministry of Finance of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( fokina@nifi.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #18, 2015

Importance The expansion of financial instruments like revolving funds in developed countries was associated with extensive government intervention in the economy after World War II. This influenced the development of the economic functions of the State bodies and State organizations. Despite the fact that the Russian Federation has examples of revolving funds at regional and local levels, these funds did not find any application as budget financing tools as opposed to some developed countries. The article discusses the practice of revolving funds implementation in Canada and the United States of America.
     Objectives The objective of the study is to analyze practical application of revolving funds within the budget sphere of the countries where this kind of practice has become most widespread, i.e. Canada and the USA.
     Methods We analyzed the practical use of State revolving funds in Canada and the USA under the comparative analysis method.
     Results
We have formulated the main advantages and disadvantages of State revolving funds based on the analysis of their use in Canada and the USA. The use of revolving funds as special financial mechanisms may contribute to increasing the efficiency of budget expenses and more flexible management of financial resources, which are allocated to perform business functions that are similar to market or market-oriented functions.
     Conclusions and Relevance
The analysis of major advantages and disadvantages of State revolving funds in the practice of Canada and the USA enables to understand the specifics of this financial mechanism application in the Russian Federation to enhance the State finance management quality.


Anti-crisis budget regulation: the experience of OECD countries

Bogacheva O.V. Research Financial Institute of Ministry of Finance of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( bogacheva@nifi.ru )

Fokina T.V. Research Financial Institute of Ministry of Finance of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( fokina@nifi.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #41, 2014

Importance At the present time, the budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation actually does not contain any norms for regulation of the budgetary legal arrangements under the conditions of financial and economic instability, or other crisis situations caused by the natural and technological disasters, or political conflicts. In such crises, the budgetary system faces the necessity of implementing urgent measures for the concentration of funds to address the pressing tasks. No special rules for determining the budget authority, fiscal arrangements and modalities of cooperation between the participants of the budgetary process in crisis conditions, leads to "fire" response of authorities, which often manifests itself in inefficient and tardy anti-crisis actions. The experience of OECD countries on regulatory crisis management may be of significant interest for Russia.
     Objectives The aim of the article is to provide an analysis of the international experience of the statutory anti-crisis regulation of the budgetary legal relations in OECD countries under the conditions of the financial and economic instability, or other crisis situation and the formation of a position on the possibility and the necessity of the foreign experience application under the Russian Federation's conditions.
     Methods Using the method of comparative analysis, we consider the principles of ensuring the macroeconomic and financial stability, criteria of the crisis situation and the objectives of stabilization policy, basic measures of fiscal stabilization policy, procedures and mechanisms of the financial support of fiscal measures of budget stabilization.
     Results On the basis of the comparative international experience of the legislative anti-crisis regulation of budgetary relations in OECD countries, we provide the conclusions regarding the changes in the Russian budgetary legislation that will facilitate the effective policies for recovery of the economic and financial systems under the crisis.
     Conclusions and Relevance We arrive at a conclusion that the best practices and experience of foreign countries provide the basis for the formation of proposals for the Russian budgetary legislation adjustment.


World financial crisis and dynamics of tax potential of regions of Russia

Fokina O.G. assistant to chair «the Finance, monetary circulation, the credit and banks», Oryol state technical university ( fokoksana@rambler.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #5, 2011

Given article is devoted the analysis of influence of conditions of crisis on formation of incomes of regional budgets and on tax activity of business. The high lights characterizing the crisis phenomena in regions are considered, and recommendations about leveling of consequences of crisis are made.


The comparative characteristic and choice of the method of the estimation of tax potential of region

Davidova L.V. Doctor of Economics, professor, Oryol State Technical University ( 1946@orel.ru )

Fokina O.G. assistant to chair «the Finance, monetary circulation, the credit and banks», Oryol state technical university ( fokoksana@rambler.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #5, 2010

In article approaches to definition of concept of tax potential of region on the basis of treatments of foreign and domestic scientists-economists are investigated, ordering and the analysis of existing methods of an estimation of tax potential are spent, the estimation is given an economic condition of the Oryol region on the basis of tax activity of region.


Overcoming of credit deficiency as a condition of support for economic growth

Fokina O.G. assistant to chair «The Finance, monetary circulation, the credit and banks», State University - teaching, research and production complex ( fokoksana@rambler.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #18, 2011

The global financial crisis has exacerbated problems with the liquidity, existing in the Russian economy. For active economic growth, the real sector of our country needs a long-term investment resources, and bank lending is one of the most accessible tools for achievement of this purpose. This article analyzes the relationship of credit possibilities of the banking system with credit needs of the real sector, and discusses measures to overcome of credit deficiency in Russia.


Comparative trends in the banking system of Russia and the developed countries

Grekov I.E. doctor of economic sciences, managing chair the finance, the currency circulation, the credit and the banks, Orel State Technical University ( grekov-igor@mail.ru )

Barsukova O.V. associate professor of chair the finance, the currency circulation, the credit and the banks, Orel State Technical University ( barsukova_olga@inbox.ru )

Fokina O.G. assistant of chair the finance, the currency circulation, the credit and the banks, Orel State Technical University ( fokoksana@rambler.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #30, 2011

The article analyzes balance sheet ratios and interest rates on the banking system of Russia in compared to developed countries. Comparative analysis of the banking system in Russia and developed countries on a number of institutional indicators is presented. Analysis allowed us to draw interesting conclusions about the actual level of development of Russia's banking system.


The dynamics of structural shifts in regional economies amid the advent of convergent technologies

Petrova E.A. Volgograd State University (VolSU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( ea_petrova@mail.ru )

Kalinina V.V. Volgograd State University (VolSU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( verakalinina@mail.ru )

Trukhlyaeva A.A. Volgograd State University (VolSU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( ann.tru@mail.ru )

Fokina E.A. Volgograd State University (VolSU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( fokina-ea@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2020

Subject. The article studies economic growth rates by quantifying structural shifts in the economy, and analyzes the relationship of their intensity.
Objectives. The study quantifies the dynamics of structural shifts in the region's economy and identifies the correlation of economic development and convergent technologies in Russia nationally and regionally. The study is to conclude on the efficiency of economic processes from geographical perspectives.
Methods. We conduct the structural-dynamic analysis of economic systems. To quantify structural shifts, we apply the Ryabtsev index and Gatev index to identify the structural shifts by their intensity and efficiency. The empirical framework includes statistical data on gross value added broken down by sector, types of ICT costs for 2005–2019. Gross value added spreads across 15 types of business activities. ICT costs comprise six types.
Results. We assessed the dynamics of the Ryabtsev index and Gatev index by sector and their gross value added in Russia and some regions. The article analyzed the comparability of structural shifts in the economy and ICT costs.
Conclusions and Relevance. We quantified the structural shifts in sectors of gross value added and discovered that the structural shifts are inconsistent nationally and regionally. We also assess the correlation of the structural dynamics in the economy and ICT.


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