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The value of property and financial policy of Nicholas II, Emperor of All Russia

Fetisov V.D. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod – National Research University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisov21@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #4, 2016

Subject The article considers the assessment of property and financial policy of Nicholas II, the last Emperor of Russia.
     Objectives The study aims to determine the size and structure of property value of Nicholas II, describe the implication and focal points of the financial policy he pursued, reveal its connection with the collapse of the Russian Empire, and analyze lessons of the past in the contemporary development of public administration in Russia.
     Methods I employ logical, analytical, system, historical and economic methods. Fact-based materials include works of domestic and foreign scientists, memoirs of eyewitnesses and people of the inner circle of the Romanovs, and statistical documents of the Russian Empire. The secrecy of data about property and finance of the Royal family complicated the study.
     Results The findings show that the existing appraisals of the Royal property are groundless. The paper describes the cost structure and the role of property in the life of the royal family, the influence of financial policy on the fate and fortunes of Nicholas II and the Russian Empire, and presents recommendations on transforming the modern financial management based on the historical experience.
     Conclusions The huge property value and the financial policy of Nicholas II to a very large extent underly the collapse of the Romanov family and the Russian Empire. It is important to consider lessons learned for positive development of modern Russia.


Finance of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia

Fetisov V.D. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisov21@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #24, 2016

Importance The pending centenary of the end of the Romanov dynasty reign increases the interest in financial activities of the Royal family. The role of Empress Alexandra Feоdorovna in finance is of special relevance.
Objectives The article aims to determine the size, cost structure and role of finance of Alexandra Feodorovna, to disclose the nature and focal points of her financial policy and management, to identify their relation to the collapse of the autocracy and the Russian Empire, and to take into account the past experience in today's finance of Russia.
Methods The article employs logical, analytical, systematic, historical and economic research methods to determine the basics of finance of Alexandra Feodorovna.
Results I present my own concept of finance of Alexandra Feodorovna, reveal the cost structure and the role of finances of the Empress in the life of the Royal family and Russia as a whole, show the main areas, specifics and impact of financial activity of the Empress on the fate of the autocracy and the Russian Empire, and make recommendations for improving the modern financial management based on the experience of the Russian Empress.
Conclusions The Russian Empress was one of the richest women in the world, and, in fact, a top manager of Royal finances. However, the foreign and especially German orientation and the shadow nature of her financial activities had a negative impact on the Romanov dynasty and the Russian Empire. However, her experience is important for positive development of modern Russia.


Human capital and finance under the market economy globalization

Fetisov V.D. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod - National Research University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisov21@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #29, 2015

Importance Due to the crisis in the Russian finance and economy, the human capital issue has become more important.
     Objectives The aim of the study is to disclose the market content, financial mechanism, structure and real quantitative assessment of the human capital of Russia, identify ways to increase the efficiency of its use as an important factor of stability and economic growth under economy globalization.
     Methods I used empirical, systems, analytical, economic, and other methods of learning the socio-economic life of people. With the help of these methods, I research human capital as a phenomenon of modern society, underpin the market-based concept of human capital, disclose its structure, financial mechanism and basic principles of measurement methodology under the market economy globalization.
     Results I justify the market concept of human capital, describe its cost structure, financial mechanism of its functioning and major principles of measurement methodology in the modern conditions of the market economy globalization. Furthermore, I identify directions of reforming the human capital management.
     Conclusions and Relevance I conclude that human capital is a market-based financial and economic phenomenon having a financial mechanism of reproduction. The efficiency of human capital function depends on the level of economic literacy and the quality of personal financial management, the improvement of which at all levels of the economy (State, region, organization (company), and household) is the most important direction of stabilization and economic growth in Russia.


Issues of bitcoin use and economic security

Fetisov V.D. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisov21@mail.ru )

Fetisova T.V. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisova.tatyana@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2018

Importance The article focuses on bitcoin and reviews the principal issues of using cryptocurrencies and their impact on Russia's economic security.
Objectives We unravel reasons for using bitcoin and its economic substance in the market environment. The article constitutes a critical analysis of bitcoin and its impact on the national economic security. We search for ways of improving Russia's payment systems as a tool for economic security.
Methodology The research draws upon fact-based materials on economic development and seven years' practices of integrating cryptocurrencies in Russia and abroad. The article involves empirical, system, analytical, economic and other methods of studying economic life of social actors.
Results We unfold reasons for using bitcoin and its economic substance, determine practical difficulties in Russia. The article provides our interpretation of the financial aspect of bitcoin, its impact on the financial position of certain social layers. In the conclusion we express our proposals for modifying the national payment system as a crucial tool of Russia's economic security.
Conclusions and Relevance Cryptocurrencies and bitcoin, first of all, constitute a tool to evade taxes, conceal criminal and informal income. They serve as a financial mechanism for reallocating values of the market actors in certain countries and worldwide. Russia spends a plenty of tangible, labor and financial resources, taking unjustifiable risks of net losses. Hence it is necessary to crucially enhance the financial literacy of the population and quality of personal financial management.


Digitalization of the economy and finance of individuals in Russia: Some aspects of interaction

Fetisov V.D. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisovvd@mail.ru )

Fetisova T.V. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN), Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( Fetisova.tatyana@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #9, 2019

Subject This article explores the issues of nexus and interaction between the digitalization of the economy and finance of individuals in Russia.
Objectives The article aims to describe and analyze the impact of critical digitalization activities on the cash flow of the population. As well, it aims to identify ways and formulate proposals to improve the efficiency of the digital economy and the material well-being of the country's individuals.
Methods For the study, we used empirical, systems, analytical, statistical, and other epistemological methods. The article is based on factual materials concerning the digitalization of the Russian economy and the world.
Results The article shows the real sources and mechanism of financing of the digital economy of Russia. It offers an original view of the impact of the country's digitalization on the material condition of certain segments of the market society. The article also proposes certain ways to improve the management of the balance of sources of digitalization of the economy and improve the efficiency of finance of individuals.
Conclusions and Relevance Today, the digitalization of the Russian economy is due to the price mechanism of redistribution of the population's money resources in favor of the State and IT business. This situation worsens the financial well-being of the majority of citizens. To overcome the situation, it is necessary to radically change the financial policies and principles of the regulator taking into account the interests and material capabilities of the Russian population majority. The results of the study can be used to further develop and implement financial policies, financial management of the population, business and government structures, as well as for the benefit of the Russian secondary and vocational education systems.


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