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Risks of the import substitution strategy in the Russian agricultural industrial complex

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Dubinina E.D. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( kdubinina95@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #3, 2016

Importance Being an insufficiently studied process, import substitution should be clarified and promoted, especially considering the current situation in domestic agriculture. It is reasonable to optimize food import, study theoretical and applied aspects, understand causes and effects of the crisis in agriculture on the Russian economy, as well as all possible risks in domestic agriculture.
     Objectives The article reveals the substance and specifics of import substitution risks as part of the Russian agriculture, outlines import substitution issues and identifies relevant risks in terms of the systems approach. The research represents comprehensive analysis of risks, and suggests their mitigation measures.
     Methods The research relies upon methods of comparative analysis, systematization, classification, SWOT analysis, analogy, and comparison.
     Results We provide a comprehensive overview of the main import substitution risks. We identified possibilities to implement the import substitution strategy in the Russian animal husbandry, classified agricultural risks and estimated possible losses. We determined measures to mitigate risks and possible adjustments to the State agricultural development program.
     Conclusions and Relevance Setting up the mechanism for curbing raw material and food import in the Russian agriculture is a timely step to improve food security.


Digitization issues of the manufacturing sector

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University (VSTU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2019

Subject The research pursues to model the environment of the digitized national economy, which will contribute to partnership relations of entities running IT resources and development of the existing mechanisms for economic and information security.
Objectives The research evaluates the transformation of the existing industrial sector's mechanisms ensuring the implementing of national digitization programs. I also focus the situation in the sector and analyze the digitization level of the manufacturing sector.
Methods I apply methods of logic and comparative analysis, graphic visualization and data sets, financial analysis, trend analysis, methods of comparison, analogy and systematization, comprehensive review of academic and sectoral literature, statistical data, and assessment.
Results Considering digitization processes in the manufacturing sector of the national economy, I make my suggestions on further development and transformation of economic security systems ensuring the reliability and protection of online platforms' data. For this, I conducted a systems analysis of trends in the manufacturing sector's development, evaluated the formation of the GISP (Governmental Information Systems for Manufacturing Sector) with resources of the RF Ministry for Industry and Trade, and reviewed key benchmarks of TechNet Road Map.
Conclusions and Relevance Having examined development aspects and formation of Russia's information platform for the manufacturing sector, I revealed some security issues of online systems. The findings can be used to outline the future strategic milestones for planning the national economic and industrial policy of Russia and development priorities.


Fundamentals of the State control system

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #20, 2015

Importance The existing national economic system relies upon the fundamental principles of the State and its functioning. Control plays an important role in public administration as one of public finance functions. The article unveils such basic and systemic fundamentals as strategic, organizational and institutional principles of the State control.
     Objectives The research aims at determining the substance and specific controlling functions of the State in order to form, manage and coordinate strategies of the society's socio-economic development. The research pursues amplifying the concept of the State control in terms of the systems approach; describe key principles of the State control and define them; evaluate the key principles of control, classify the existing principles in terms of their goals.
     Methods The research employs the methods of comparative analysis, systematization, classification, retrospective analysis, analogy, comparison.
     Results The article provides a comprehensive overview of principal interpretations of the State control, determines the nature of the concept and unveils its main characteristics and components. Construing the term State control widely, it is possible to consider it as an indicator of the society's socio-economic position, level of the national economic development and adequacy of the current special-purpose financing provided by the State. The proposed classification of the control principles reflects its scope and strategic goals.
     Conclusions and Relevance Following the research, I conclude that the principles of the State control, in their totality, underlie the performance of the State's controlling functions in the legislative, social and economic areas.


The role of State aid to the agricultural-industrial complex in increasing the food security of the nation

Sazonov S.P. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( sazonovsp@mail.ru )

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Sibagatulina L.M. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( sibag94@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #5, 2017

Importance The article illustrates the Volgograd Oblast and the need in the State aid to the agricultural-industrial sector in line with specific factors. The article puts a special focus on subsidies as the crucial instrument of the governmental agricultural policy pursuing an increase in the national food security.
Objectives The research evaluates the development of the agricultural-industrial sector of Russia for higher food security and determines future prospects. We review the significance of the State aid, considering the need to enhance the food security, and the procedure for obtaining subsidies in the AIC. The research identifies the current situation in the AIC of the Volgograd Oblast, efficiency of governmental programs and subsidies there.
Methods The research involves methods of comparative analysis, systematization, classification, analogy, matching.
Results The research represents a comprehensive overview of aspects of the State aid to the AIC for higher food security. We also found strengths and weaknesses of the current governmental programs, grants, and subsidies in the area.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering the current development level of the Russian economy, agricultural enterprises can satisfy their needs only if the State provides them with special aid. The findings can be used to articulate strategic goals for the development of the Russian economy, improvement of the State aid mechanisms in the AIC.


Modeling the knowledge economy during informatization

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University (VSTU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Kurazova D.A. Chechen State University (CHSU), Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation ( diana.кurazova.89@list.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #9, 2019

Subject The article is dedicated to training of digitization talent who have respective competencies. Such training should be provided by educational institutions, which constitute the infrastructure of the knowledge economy.
Objectives The research evaluates what changes take place in Russia's national economic system after it stepped into Industry 4.0.
Methods The study employs the methods of logic and comparative analyses, data visualization, financial analysis, trend analysis, methods of comparison, analogy and systematization, comprehensive review of scholarly and professional literature, statistical data and statistical assessment.
Results We evaluated the current trends in the digitization of social order during the move to the Industry 4.0. era, and substantiate the significance of knowledge as a key resource of the knowledge economy model. Investment in the generation and transfer of knowledge is showed to help country increment its competitive advantages and ensure the sustainable economic growth. The article reviews budgetary spending on education and research in Russia and determines key basic constituents of the knowledge economy, emphasizing distinctions of its model during the transformation and adoption of the Industry 4.0 philosophy.
Conclusions and Relevance The new model of the knowledge economy will evolve and settle down if global informatization processes are streamlined and comprehensively justified, with education and science being a priority. The findings can underlie further strategic milestones for planning the national policy for education and socio-economic development.


Features of realization of supervisory powers of the State in modern conditions

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #44, 2015

Importance The article considers the issues of restructuring the existing system of governance, including the implementation of supervisory powers over ongoing processes.
     Objectives The paper aims to highlight the features and specifics of the supervisory powers of the State in the system of formation, management and harmonization of target indicators of socio-economic development, to assess aggregate macroeconomic indicators of development, organize and categorize them, and to calculate coherence assessment and offer an integrated indicator of strategic planning level.
     Methods I used a comparative analysis, vertical and horizontal types of analysis, as well as the methods of systematizing, classification, hierarchy and the arithmetic mean.
     Results I completed a comprehensive review of the strategic planning and management system of socio-economic processes of the national economy's development at all levels of State and municipal authorities. I analyzed the coherence of development strategies at the levels of federal and regional authorities. All macroeconomic development indicators are systematized and coordinated, taking into account the priority. I have developed an integrated indicator of the level of strategic planning as a new control tool that allows comparing the dynamics of development of individual regions in the process of further strategic management. In addition, I prove that the difference of the strategic objectives of each planning level defines a set of development targets and prioritizes them. Some macroeconomic indicators are so versatile that it is impossible to disregard them almost at any level of government.
     Conclusions I conclude that new approaches to the management of the national economy require the revision of many standards and tools for planning, forecasting and monitoring.


Setting up an algorithm for stock market trading strategies

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Ermakova A.A. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( 261984@mail.ru )

Kurazova D.A. Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation ( diana.kurazova.89@list.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2016

Importance The stock market is one of the best financial mechanisms for unleashing investment in the national economy. The article reviews today's path for Russia's stock market development over the last 10 years, and provides an insight into algorithmic trading and analyzes the effectiveness of trading robot.
Objectives The research evaluates technological development of the stock market and points out algorithmic trading prospects. The article sets and consistently addresses such goals as an analysis of the extent to which trading on the Russian stock market has been converted into a certain algorithm, existing global economic situation of the previous years, methods for trading robot construction and operation, testing of the trading robot, and performance results seen in the Moscow Stock Exchange, and forecast the algorithmic trading development.
Methods The article involves methods of comparative analysis, moving average, systematization, classification, analogy, collation.
Results The article comprehensively overviews algorithmic trading in the Russian stock market over the previous years. We also assess indicators of the current return on algorithmic trading process, illustrating the designed trading robot.
Conclusions and Relevance This research presents a practical value since if investment mechanisms are refocused on the innovative development path, it will dissolve the dependence on oil prices. It will help Russia properly overcome the crisis and move the Russian stock market forward.


Portfolio management strategies for optimization of corporate financial flows under the European Union sanctions

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Obukhova S.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( obukhovasv@gmail.com )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #19, 2015

Importance Financial markets become more accessible for individuals, with new investment instruments constantly emerging. In this respect, portfolio management increases its importance and relevance for a broad audience. It mainly happens because investors strive for avoiding possible capital losses. Investors should purchase undervalued shares, which are traded at a lower price than their internal one, and sell overvalued shares, thus paving the way to maximum profit in the future. The objective gets even more significant in the current circumstances of the global financial market. The article overviews Russia's position under the EU sanctions. The article also analyzes whether it is possible to apply various portfolio management strategies in the domestic financial market.
     Objectives The research emphasizes the specifics of the State's power and authority in forming and controlling the current market processes. We stress the importance of portfolio management strategies for optimizing financial flows, considering the current economic situation.
     Methods The article draws upon methods of comparative analysis, systematization, and classification.
     Results The research constitutes a comprehensive overview of the current financial situation in the country, possible scenarios of its development and possibilities to adapt portfolio management mechanisms in the current conditions.
     Conclusions and Relevance Based on the research, we conclude that the State should undertake a set of stabilization activities in order to recover the financial position of the country. It may help professional actors of the stock market to continue their operations in more acceptable conditions.


Setting up an algorithm for stock market trading strategies

Fedotova G.V. Volgograd State Technical University (VSTU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( g_evgeeva@mail.ru )

Ermakova A.A. Volgograd State Technical University (VSTU), Volgograd, Russian Federation ( 261984@mail.ru )

Kurazova D.A. Chechen State University (CHSU), Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation ( diana.kurazova.89@list.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #2, 2019

Subject The stock market is one of the best financial mechanisms for unleashing investment in the national economy. The article reviews today's path for Russia's stock market development over the last 10 years, and provides an insight into algorithmic trading and analyzes the effectiveness of trading robot.
Objectives The research evaluates technological development of the stock market and points out algorithmic trading prospects. The article sets and consistently addresses such goals as an analysis of the extent to which trading on the Russian stock market has been converted into a certain algorithm, existing global economic situation of the previous years, methods for trading robot construction and operation, testing of the trading robot, and performance results seen in the Moscow Stock Exchange, and forecast the algorithmic trading development.
Methods The article involves methods of comparative analysis, moving average, systematization, classification, analogy, collation.
Results The article comprehensively overviews algorithmic trading in the Russian stock market over the previous years. We also assess indicators of the current return on algorithmic trading process, illustrating the designed trading robot.
Conclusions This research presents a practical value since if investment mechanisms are refocused on the innovative development path, it will dissolve the dependence on oil prices. It will help Russia properly overcome the crisis and move the Russian stock market forward.


Problems of valuation in project analysis and project financing

Nikonova I.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( nikonova_ia@veb.ru )

Fedotova M.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( mfedotova2007@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #42, 2014

Importance The President and Government of the Russian Federation set an objective to develop project financing in Russia. Our article studies the problems of valuation in project analysis and project financing.
     Objectives The purpose of the paper is to present our own position on the challenges of assessing project cost parameters at different stages of its life cycle, project risk and valuation of collateral in project financing.
     Methods We have considered the application of the business assessment methodology for estimating the cost and economic effects of the project at different stages of its life-cycle. We propose certain approaches to valuation of project risk and collateral in project financing. We state the need to establish a national information database on project financing transactions and cost parameters. We have analyzed the shortcomings of the existing evaluation practices of banks and companies to assess the cost and economic impact of the project. We substantiate the necessity of the application of the theory of business valuation for valuation of investment projects for investment and operation stages of the project.
     Results We propose certain guidelines for addressing the various problems of valuation in project analysis and project financing: different valuation methods used in the assessment of project cost; the cost of project risks and take them into account in the cash flows of the project; collateral assessment in project financing. We give our own interpretation of the notion of economic effect on the operational stage of the project life cycle.
     Relevance The study develops valuation methodology in the project analysis to improve the effectiveness of the project companies in project financing.


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