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Global commodity markets, global money and capital flows - the main tendencies and perspectives)

Ermolaeva M.G. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of department "Economic Theory", the Moscow Aviation Institute (the State University of Aerospace Technologies) ( )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #33, 2012

In the article the factors defining changes in global capital streams and their further dynamics are analyzed. The revealed regularities are proved by the actual material. Strengthening of regional currencies and a regional commodity exchange in financial instability, growth of regional infrastructure projects and investments in real sector of economy, search of the least expensive modes of production and the practice of the budgetary optimization - here the incomplete list of studied questions.

The use of international standards in building the federal procurement system in Russia: possible directions for its optimization

Ermolaeva M.G. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #29, 2015

Subject The problem of economic efficiency of public procurement is a subject of thorough study and development both at the international level in the form of model laws and at the level of national legislation.
     Objectives The aim of the study is to assess the efficiency of institutional forms of public procurement.
     Methods I performed a comparative analysis of economic efficiency and anti-corruption nature of procedures built in the public procurement system within the framework of the UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services of 1994, the UNCITRAL Model Law on Public Procurement of 2011, and Russian laws.
     Results The comparative analysis showed that, in general, the developers of national laws on federal procurement system took into account the basic provisions of international laws. Meanwhile, there is a lot of room for devising and improving specific institutional mechanisms to implement the adopted regulations. One of critical issues is the development and implementation of institutional bases for contract managers of the Federal Procurement System to ensure performance of their duties in good faith. A solution to this issue involves the institution of professional liability insurance.
     Conclusions The article concludes that it is feasible and essential to use the system of professional liability insurance of contract managers within the Federal Procurement System of the Russian Federation. The proposed measures may contribute to enhancing the system's functions.

Disbalances in worldwide trade and capital flows and their regulation

Ermolaeva M.G. associate professor of chair of the economic theory, Moscow aviation institute (technical university) ( )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #1, 2011

Laws of formation of worldwide trade and capital disbalances, ways of exit from the current situation, the estimation of efficiency of the international interaction in the sphere of world finance regulation - is the list of the questions considered in article.

Estimation of stability of some disbalances of global economy

Ermolaeva M.G. associate professor of chair of the economic theory, Moscow aviation institute (technical university) ( )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #27, 2011

Difference of disbalances of developed countries economy from disbalances in economy of quickly developing countries, degree of stability of these disbalances, an estimation of risks in dynamics of the world economy as a result of current global financial crisis, possible methods of counteraction to these disbalances - is the list of the questions considered in article. Research is based on materials of the World Еconomic Forum in Davos - «The Outlook of Global Agenda 2011» and «Global risks 2011».

Peculiarities of business restructuring by means of shares

Ermolaeva O.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #9, 2018

Subject The article deals with the issues related to business restructuring and various methods based on splitting the company's assets.
Objectives The article aims to identify the specifics of the implementation of various strategies for business diversification and give a theoretical assessment of the feasibility of restructuring the company through corporate spin-off and equity carve-out types of corporate reorganization.
Methods For the study, I used a theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific literature concerning the structural analysis of the realization of transactions on stock transfer and allotment.
Results The article reveals the fundamental characteristics of the restructuring and formulates their main advantages and problems. Also, the article statistically assesses the current and prospective state of the market.
Conclusions Mergers and acquisitions are ones of the ways to improve the competitive position of a particular company in the market and achieve the desired results. The market of transactions on equity transfer and allotment keeps on growing and will continue to ascend. Companies share their capital to increase the operational efficiency and focus on their business matter.

Issue of bonds as a source to finance activities of organizations

Ermolaeva O.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #3, 2017

Importance The article focuses on the issue of bonds as a source of corporate finance. Considering the Russian operating environment, companies expand their presence in the stock market and replace bank loans by issuing bonds.
Objectives The research identifies the specifics of issuing corporate bonds for fund raising purposes. The research also provides a theoretical rationale whether the process is feasible and evaluates the current state of the Russian market of bonds.
Methods I analyze and summarize scientific literature on the matter, and use a structural analysis of the specifics of bond-based finance.
Results I found fundamental characteristics of a bond issue as a source of finance, formulated its key advantages and challenges, and provided a statistical view of the current and future market situation.
Conclusions and Relevance Bond issue is one of the methods to improve corporate operations in the market and achieve desired results. Entities will continue replacing bank loans with bonds so to cut their operating expenses and striving for more affordable sources of finance.

Modeling the factors of financial stability of air transportation

Spirina S.G. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( )

Ermolaeva A.A. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #41, 2016

Subject The article addresses problems related to technological, environmental, financial and economic security of air travels.
Objectives The study aims to assess the financial stability of airports' operations.
Methods The methodology of the study rests on logical, correlation and regression multiple factor analysis.
Results We obtained significant qualitative characteristics affecting the volume of passenger flow, like the number of delays of flights during a month, the volume of passenger transportation with a four-month lag, the number of flight delays with one and two-month lag. Based on the findings, we offer a method to assess the relationship between flight delays and changes in passenger traffic, on which basis it is possible to assess the correlation between the reluctance of passengers to fly by frequently delayed flights from both Sochi International Airport and other Russian airports.
Conclusions and Relevance The offered methodology enables to perform a comprehensive analysis of airport operations to improve their passenger appeal. It is necessary to enhance financial stability and competitiveness of airports through investigating the causes of delays based on both expert evaluations and projected values.

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