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Priorities for improving risk-oriented internal control in Russian credit institutions

Efremova Yu.S. Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russian Federation (MGIMO University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #1, 2020

Subject This article discusses the theoretical and methodological bases of risk-oriented internal control and the ways to improve it in Russian lending institutions.
Objectives The article aims to determine areas and directions for improving the risk-oriented internal control system in Russian lending institutions to leverage the performance.
Methods For the study, I used the methods of logical analysis and synthesis, grouping, comparison, abstraction, and other techniques of scientific knowledge. The study is based on an analysis of the domestic and foreign theory and practice of creating a system of risk-oriented internal control in credit organizations, Russian and foreign internal control documents, and first-hand occupational experience in banking, as well.
Results The article highlights and proposes certain areas of improvement of the system of risk-oriented internal control in Russian lending institutions.
Relevance The results of the study can be used in the practical activity of Russian lending institutions, as well as scientific and teaching activities in Finance, Money Circulation and Credit.

The analysis of services provided by sale companies through bringing agricultural products to consumers

Efremova M.V. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod - National Research University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( )

Oparin D.Yu. Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #31, 2014

The article studies the problem of agricultural products sale by Russian manufacturers. The analysis of distribution channels existed in pre-reformed and modern Russia found that previous channels, used until 1990's, such as consumer cooperatives and collective-farm markets, are currently not available. Due to the lack of effective distribution channels, farmers, especially small farms, cannot sell products, and this often leads to its loss and to renounce future production. Distributors are forced to cover the high cost by high price markup that is the reason for the rise in price of goods to final consumers. The authors concluded that the impact of the agri-food sector will be increased by establishing relations with the centers of consumption of production. The authors have studied the experience of agro-industries for the marketing of products, including the views of producers studied the advantages and disadvantages of establishing their own retail network as a proprietary trading and experience of cooperation with independent trade networks. The article deals with the peculiarities of branded trade in Russia and abroad. The authors have analyzed the electronic distribution channels and visiting fair trading and revealed the problems impeding the marketing of agricultural products through electronic channels. The authors name the lack of village computerization and even computer illiteracy of villagers as the most significant reasons of today's situation. As an effective marketing channel of agricultural products, the authors define network retail trade, including network, created by farmers, and independent retailers, logistics centers, Internet channels and visiting trade fairs. The paper shows the results of marketing research to study the opinions of consumers about the attractiveness of the purchases of agricultural products in various trading formats. The article gives certain forecast on reduction of losses of agricultural products produced by local farmers when developing the effective sales channels.

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