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Innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystems as a factor of sustainable regional development

Dubina I.N. Altai State University, Barnaul, Altai Krai, Russian Federation ( igor_dubina@yahoo.com )

Kozhevina O.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( ol.kozhevina@gmail.com )

Chub A.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( AACHub@fa.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #4, 2016

Importance Formation and efficient functioning of spatial innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystems have recently become very important. The ecosystems represent complex models of interaction of economic actors involved in creating and implementing innovation and technologies within which the specific institutional environment that boosts innovation processes is being developed.
Objectives The aim of the paper is to formulate basic theoretical tenets of the research, which, in its practical part, focuses on building a model of sustainable development of spatial innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem under high risk and uncertainty of external environment.
Methods A basis of modeling the process of sustainable development is a theoretical concept of the triple helix of innovation. It describes the interaction of science, government and business in innovative activities, and formal methods employed in the game theory, optimal resource allocation and business management games.
Results We formulated a concept of spatial innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem, a role of institutional environment in promoting its sustainable development. Furthermore, we identified external and internal factors that have the most significant impact on the process, and selected mathematical tools to simulate possible areas of spatial innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem's development under risk and uncertainty.
Conclusions The optimal institutional environment ensuring the compromise implementation of mismatched goals of economic actors, having different status and functions, acts as an adaptation mechanism of the spatial innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem. The system operates under uncertainty of external environment and contributes to balanced development of subsystems thus enhancing stability and efficiency.


An analysis of the system of State regulation of the development of regional agriculture and rural areas

Pronina Yu.Yu. Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation ( chastuhina@mail.ru )

Dubina G.I. Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation ( gulia0302@rambler.ru )

Knyaz'kina A.A. Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation ( albinakna@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #10, 2018

Subject This article discusses the issues of State regulation of agriculture of the Penza Oblast in 2014–2017.
Objectives The article aims to determine the priorities of allocation of public funds and the efficiency of expenditure of budgetary resources in achieving the targets of the State program The Development of Agro-Industrial Complex of the Penza Oblast for 2014–2020.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of scientific abstraction, functional and statistical analysis, and graphics.
Results The article reveals tendencies of significant growth of agricultural production. At the same time, the article says about insufficient efficiency of the State support of rural areas' development that causes outflow of inhabitants from the areas and negatively affects the development of workforce of the agro-industrial complex.
Conclusions Agriculture is an industry that is highly dependent on external factors, so there is a need to create an effective system of support for the industry.


Developing the system of State regulation of agriculture at the regional level: A conceptual framework

Polushkina T.M. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( polushkinatm@gmail.com )

Pronina Yu.Yu. Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation ( chastuhina@mail.ru )

Dubina G.I. Penza State University, Penza, Russian Federation ( gulja0302@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #1, 2019

Subject The article considers the issues of State regulation of agriculture.
Objectives The purpose is to formulate priorities of State regulation on the basis of modern and prospective methods of researching the system processes in the sector.
Methods For the study, we applied SWOT analysis, modeling, scientific abstraction, and graphic presentation.
Results We present an algorithm to formulate the development concept of the system of State regulation of agriculture, define factors influencing the decision-making when choosing the tools of State regulation, and possible strategic problems. The SWOT analysis of agriculture of the Penza Oblast and Republic of Mordovia helped reveal prospective methods of State regulation of the sector.
Conclusions In the course of decision-making on strategies for agriculture development, it is important to consider strengths and weaknesses of the branch, the opportunities and threats of external factors, to identify zones of interaction of internal and external factors, and on the basis of estimates of the said interaction to develop specific tools to regulate the development of agriculture.


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