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Druzhinin P.V. Doctor of Economics, head of department, Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Centre RAS ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Kuhareva T.V. Economist, Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Centre RAS ( email@example.com )
Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #8,
Development of border regions is studied; the special attention is given communications Karelia with the Finland, appearing possibilities and losses. Features of cross-border cooperation are considered. Influence of cross-border cooperation with Finland on development of economy of Karelia is shown. Dynamics of export of goods, import of the goods, foreign investments, joint projects and their influence on development of various sectors of the Karelian economy is described.
Druzhinin A.G. Doctor of Sciences, director of North Caucasus Research Institute of Economic and Social Problems of South Federal University, Rostov-on-Don ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Kolesnykova I.G. Post-graduate student Northern-Caucasian Research Institute of Economic and Social Problems of the South federal university, Rostov-on-Don ( email@example.com )
Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #41,
The criteria of big business identification are suggested, factors and features of big business territorialisation in post-Soviet Russia are described. The basic factors and the attractors of big business allocation in the Russia South regions are examined; the common specifics (peripheral character, dependence, regional asymmetry) of the macro region positioning in the national and global business environment are determined; the significance of the big business structures activity for the regional development is reveal.
Shkiperova G.T. Institute of Economics, Karelian Scientific Centre of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Druzhinin P.V. Institute of Economics, Karelian Scientific Centre of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #34,
Climate change has a direct impact on human health and safety and on the status of various sectors of the economy. The authors point out that one of the main causes of climate change is the increase in greenhouse gas emissions. The article evaluates the impact of economic development on greenhouse gas emissions in Russia and highlights the main factors that reduce the negative impact on the environment of the territories. The paper uses data from the North-Western regions of Russia, which builds and tests the models to assess the impact of the changing climate conditions on the yield of different crops.
Druzhinin N.L. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #42,
Importance The subject of the research was the conditions of economic reforms in Russia and in China at the end of the 20th century.
Objectives The main task was the disclosure of the specific opportunities to use the successful experience of economic reforms in China, which can be applied in modern Russia. The greatest challenge was proof of the high priority given to the development of export-oriented sectors of the economy that, as China's economic development has proved in recent decades, can be an effective source of modernization of society.
Methods To study the issue, I used the institutional method, which allowed me to appeal not so much to the formal rules and regulations as to informal settings, which are a real source of reform in the two countries.
Results The result of the juxtaposing study is a more precise determination of primary demands of the society, which set the vector of transformations in Russia and China and the disclosure of principal (but not formal) differences in the philosophy of market-oriented reforms in the two States.
Relevance The Chinese experience of maintaining high economic growth is very important for Russia, which is currently experiencing a significant downturn, and domestic exporters, despite high prices for resources, are facing serious economic problems.
Druzhinin P.V. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Prokop'ev E.A. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #16,
Importance The paper investigates the industry-specific structure of the Russian economy and its changes over 1992-2013.
Objectives The objective of the research is to assess the impact of structural changes on the Russian economy development and the economy efficiency.
Methods To achieve the objectives, we collected data (Gross Domestic Product, employment, cost of fixed assets, fixed investment) on the Russian economy as a whole and its main branches (types of activity), and investigated their relationships. We aggregated the branches (types of activity) into five sectors and analyzed the impact of structural changes and certain branches on labor productivity movements of the Russian economy. We built production functions by sectors and for the economy in general. On their basis, we analyzed the impact of individual sectors and structural changes on return on investment. Using the proposed approach, we built the optimal structure of the Russian economy with certain restrictions.
Results The research showed that in the 1990s, structural changes had a significant positive impact on the dynamics of major economic indicators of Russia, then the impact weakened, and from the end of the 2000s, they had a negative impact caused by growing share of inefficient industries, which had lower productivity and return on investment. In the 1990s, the Russian economy faced significant structural changes, a change in sectors determining the dynamics of the Russian economy's efficiency, and reduced influence of industry.
Conclusions and Relevance The study results may be useful in the sphere of economic systems management. In contrast with the pre-reform period, the difference between the real and the optimal structures of the Russian economy has increased substantially.
Shkiperova G.T. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Druzhinin P.V. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (IE KRC RAS), Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #12,
Subject Considering the existing environmental situation, it becomes especially important for the State to regulate the anthropogenic footprint on the environment in the Russian Federation. Current amendments to the legislative framework for environmental security are intended to ensure the innovative development of regions concurrently with a reduction in adverse environmental effects and more active environmental policy.
Objectives The research is to devise methodological tools to evaluate the efficiency of environmental policy in regions.
Methods The research employs qualitative and quantitative methods of economic analysis, including statistical and content analysis, rating, matrix zoning. The dataset proceeds from the Federal State Statistics Service, governmental reports on the current environmental situation and environmental protection in the Russian Federation.
Results We propose our approach to evaluating the efficiency of environmental policy. The approach may help trace the correlation between the quality of strategic documents and changes in environmental indicators for a certain period, flag the challenging areas in terms of the environmental policy implementation and outline possible development paths. The approach extends the list of quantification indicators in line with those ones adopted internationally and presented in the Environmental Security Strategy of the Russian Federation up to 2025. We evaluated the efficiency of the environmental policy referring to the regions of the Northwestern Federal District for the period from 2012–2016.
Conclusions and Relevance Having analyzed the evaluation results, most of the Northwestern regions tend to be controversial and ambivalent in setting environmental goals and achieving them. The findings may prove useful as the analytical and data basis for articulating the environmental and economic policy of the regions.
Shkiperova G.T. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Centre of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Lukashova I.V. Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University named after B.N. Yeltsin, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Druzhinin V.P. Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #25,
Importance Different scenarios of economic development of Russia and other CIS countries may lead to significantly different ecological consequences, which should be considered in strategic decision- making. Therefore, devising the tools to assess the impact of economy on the environment in countries with different levels of economic development acquires greater relevance.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to perform a comparative analysis of the impact of economic development on the environment of Russia and Kyrgyzstan.
Methods Using the methods of mathematical modeling, we estimate the impact of various economic and demographic factors on the environment. To assess the impact of GDP and population on the environment, we applied IPAT and STIRPAT models, and multiplicative functions enabling to consider the effect of structural changes in the economy, production modernization and environmental investments on environment.
Results We have identified a number of mutual relations between the economic growth and environmental quality in Russia and Kyrgyzstan, designed new mathematical models that can be used in strategic planning to predict possible environmental consequences of economic growth. We show the advantages and possibility of applying these models to analyze and forecast the effects of economic development on environment.
Conclusions and Relevance The GDP growth (industrial production) leads to increased pollution. The factors contributing to this influence reduction are the technical modernization, structural changes in the economy, and environmental activities. As opposed to Russia, the calculations made for Kyrgyzstan show that not only the GDP but also changes in the population have an impact on environmental performance. The proposed models help assess the impact of economic growth on the environment and highlight the most significant factors contributing to environmental pressure reduction.
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