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Analytical review of the security and efficiency of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises of the Saratov region

Dmitrieva O.V. Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov, Saratov, Russian Federation ( olga.vik.dmitrieva@gmail.com )

Serdobintsev D.V. Volga Region Research and Development Institute of Economics and Organization of Agro-industrial Complex, Saratov, Russian Federation ( dvss@bk.ru )

Usanov A.Yu. Moscow University for Industry and Finance "Synergy", Moscow, Russian Federation ( alexus261279@mail.ru )

Fefelova N.P. Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov, Saratov, Russian Federation ( fefelovanp@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #42, 2014

Importance Industrial-economic activities of organizations are ensured by the use of material, labor and financial resources, and also by fixed assets, i.e., the means of labor and labor material conditions. The place of tools in the development of productive forces and production relations determines the value of fixed assets in social production. In modern conditions, the role of accounting and control over the management of all resources, including fixed assets, is enhancing. The availability of the basic means of production of agricultural enterprises and the effectiveness of their use are the most important factors affecting the results of economic activities.
     Objectives The aim of the study was to review the security and efficiency of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises of the Saratov region.
     Methods By using the techniques of economic analysis on the basis of performance indicators and the technical condition of the core enterprises of the Saratov region, we have analyzed the effectiveness of their use. We have investigated issues of procurement of new agricultural machinery and forgiveness on wear and attrition rate over the past three years.
     Results We made brief recommendations to improve the efficiency of agriculture, the main of which for agricultural businesses are recommendations on leasing, development of regional agricultural engineering and strengthening State regulation of the market of logistical resources.


Higher school students' participation in financial literacy of population in the region

Dmitrieva O.Yu. Chuvash Republican Institute of Education, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( 14102010olga@mail.ru )

Krylov V.V. Central Bank of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vvkslava@inbox.ru )

Dmitriev Yu.P. Chuvash State Agricultural Academy, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( yura.dmitriev.51@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #12, 2018

Subject The article addresses financial literacy and financial culture of Russian citizens. Involving students majoring in economics in activities aimed at financial education of Russian citizens is a possible solution to problems related to the present-day society development.
Objectives The aim is to reveal and evaluate the potential for engaging the higher school students in people's financial awareness enhancement in regions.
Methods The study draws on general scientific methods, economic, statistical, and abstract-logical methods and techniques.
Results The proportion of rural population in Chuvashia is high. One of the ways to build financial culture of people in the Republic is to nurture volunteering activities and voluntary initiatives among university students in the field of financial education, to inform and give advice to village inhabitants about the existing forms of State financial and credit support to development of agriculture, village areas, private farm households, and rural cooperatives. The findings may be used for improving the system of financial literacy in regions with similar parameters of social and economic development.
Conclusions Direct participation of socially active youth in the financial education of rural population, on the one hand, contributes to personal and professional self-realization of volunteer student, and on the other hand, to formation and spread of financial knowledge in regions.


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