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Factors increasing investment attraction of deposits non-metallic minerals in the Magadan region

Galtseva N.V. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Laboratory "Economy of Environmental Management", the North-East Complex Research Institute of Far East department of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( galtseva@neisri.ru )

Davydova A.A. PhD of Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher of Laboratory "Economy of Environmental Management", the North-East Complex Research Institute of Far East department of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( adavydova@neisri.ru )

Pruss YU.V. PhD of geological-mineralogical sciences, Senior Researcher of Laboratory "Economy of Environmental Management", the North-East Complex Research Institute of Far East department of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( pruss@neisri.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #39, 2012

In the article it is noted that the prospects of development of nonmetallic minerals of the Magadan area are expedient for considering from the point of view of available potential of fields, tendencies of the world and the Russian markets of raw materials on production and consumption, and also loudspeakers of the prices. The conditions of increase of investment appeal of involvement in economic circulation of nonmetallic raw materials, ensuring railway Magadan-Yakutsk are defined.


Governmental program as a form of supporting the economic potential of the region

Davydova A.A. Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( naukaame@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #21, 2016

Importance The Russian regions undergo their economic development, having their own specifics and requiring certain support from the State to ensure the economic security under the current circumstances.
Objectives The research reviews the role and significance of the State aid programs for developing the existing production sectors so to ensure the economic security of the region.
Methods Relying upon statistical data of the Local Office of the Federal State Statistics Service, I analyzed how principal socio-economic indicators of the Magadan oblast changed starting from the onset of economic reforms.
Results I evaluated the governmental programs for supporting the region's sectors, their effect on principal indicators describing the economic development of areas.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering the unilateral formation of the Russian North's economy, governmental guarantees represent the most effective form of supporting the living conditions of the Northern population.


Forecasting the socio-economic region's development with regard for the transport infrastructure quality: The City of Moscow case study

Davydova O.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( oadavidova@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #9, 2019

Subject This article examines the organizational and economic mechanisms arising in the development of Moscow's transport infrastructure.
Objectives The article aims to develop an economic and mathematical model for forecasting the level of social and economic development of Moscow.
Methods For the study, I used the methods of logical and statistical analyses, and models for evaluating capital assets and calculating the level of transport network development.
Results The article proposes an economic and mathematical model that helps calculate projected values of the level of socio-economic development of Moscow for the period from 2019 to 2025.
Conclusions Assessing the quality of transport infrastructure helps optimize resources, balance socio-economic and environmental factors, and apply the most effective methods and approaches to ensure the sustainable development of the region. Assessing the impact of investment in transport infrastructure provides an opportunity to define the approach to the development of the region on the basis of the calculated future value of socio-economic development.


On efficiency of delegating the powers for insurance payment administration to tax authorities

Davydova L.V. Orel State University, Orel, Russian Federation ( 1946@orel.ru )

Fedorova O.A. Orel State University, Orel, Russian Federation ( foaorel@mail.ru )

Skorlupina Yu.O. Orel State University, Orel, Russian Federation ( yu_nauka@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #12, 2017

Importance The article addresses the reform of the system of insurance payment administration, and evaluation of efficiency of delegating the power for administration of insurance premiums from extra-budgetary funds to revenue authority.
Objectives The purpose is to identify merits and demerits of delegating the powers for administration of insurance premiums to the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation, to compare the transfer from the Uniform Social Tax to insurance payments, and to pool the insurance payments into a single contribution.
Methods We employ statistical methods to assess collectibility of insurance premiums and tax payments, and general scientific methods to highlight main benefits and burdens of the transition to the new system of insurance premiums administration.
Results The paper determines major strengths and weaknesses of the future transition to the changed system of insurance premiums administration, and quantifies the efficiency of the transition from the social tax to insurance premiums.
Conclusions and Relevance Based on the analysis of information on delegation of powers for insurance premiums administration from extra-budgetary funds to revenue authorities, the paper describes advantages and disadvantages benefits and shortcomings of the transition and underpins the predicted outcome.


An impact of social entrepreneurship on the financial security of the nation and economic growth

Davydova L.V. Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev, Orel, Russian Federation ( 1946@orel.ru )

Fedorova O.A. Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev, Orel, Russian Federation ( foaorel@mail.ru )

Skorlupina Yu.O. Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev, Orel, Russian Federation ( yu_nauka@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #10, 2017

Importance The development and financial resources of socially-oriented businesses is a cornerstone for stabilizing the national economy and addressing relevant issues. Social business and its development aim to resolve multiple issues and create a socially-oriented State. Activities of socially-oriented entities ensure social security of the population, raise the financial literacy of people and businesses and develop the entrepreneurship nationwide. Social business becomes even more important under contemporary circumstances in the national economy, with the maintenance of employment and social stability being especially acute.
Objectives The research examines the role and purpose of social business in ensuring the national security and the way it can influence an economic growth in the unstable economy of Russia.
Methods Based on statistical and graphic methods, I explore the state and trends in social business in Russia in line with an analysis of its development in certain federal districts.
Results As the main outcome, I devise an improved mechanism for financing socially-oriented entities. Financial sources proceed from the banking sector and regional agencies for labor and employment.
Conclusions and Relevance Having analyzed the development trends of social business and its impact on the national security and economic growth, I substantiate the need to transform the financial mechanism for activities of social businesses.


Methodological framework for regional program-based budget rationale

Davydova L.V. Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev (former Prioksky State University), Orel, Russian Federation ( 1946@orel.ru )

Tkacheva T.Yu. Southwest State University, Kursk, Russian Federation ( Tat-tkacheva@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #23, 2016

Importance The issue of methodology formation for program-based expenditures at the regional level in the context of choosing adequate mechanisms and instruments of fiscal activities by government authorities is still understudied. State jobs that are developed for subordinate authorities are not the instruments for program implementation and, in fact, they do not comply with the principle of payment for actually provided services; in reality, it is the estimate-based funding.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to develop methodological support to the transformation of the system of public (municipal) finance management through creating the mechanisms and instruments of program-based budgeting of the region.
Methods Using econometric methods, we analyzed budget expenditure and the planned volume of budgetary allocations to implement programs in the Kursk oblast for 2011–2015.
Results The paper presents a systems approach to the program-based principle of budget formation of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. We developed methodological framework for program expenditure formation at the regional level, and offered a program-based budget expenditure classification of the principal manager of budgetary funds.
Conclusions and Relevance The budget classification of the program-based budget should be linked to organizational structure and functions of the key spending units. In the system of public finance, it should ensure the integration and systematization of information about the condition of budgetary target programs. A program-based budget formation provides transparency of the budget process, thus contributing to effective performance of public authorities in achieving strategic goals of socio-economic development.


Role of project finance in building investment attractiveness of Russian economy

Davydova L.V. State University - Education-Science-Production Complex, Orel, Russian Federation ( 1946@orel.ru )

Il'in I.V. Orel State Institute of Economy and Trade, Orel, Russian Federation ( ivan_i@orel.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #48, 2014

The article emphasizes that consideration of interests and possibilities of contributing to economic initiatives, rational distribution of risks and revenues, i.e. all that characterizes project financing, can become a base of attracting high-quality investments in the Russian economy, in which it requires. We have studied the correspondence of rates of economic development, volumes of foreign investments, net capital outflow and volumes of project financing in the economy of the Russian Federation. We indicate deterioration of a number of macroeconomic parameters and general recession in the national economy development in 2011-2013, negative influence of introduced economic sanctions of the USA and the EU against our country on major economic indicators at the beginning of 2014, as well as worsening of their medium-term outlook. We state an adverse background consisting of negative expectations, increasing sovereign risks and reducing investment opportunities round the Russian economy. On the basis of studied dynamics of volumes of foreign investment, project financing and capital outflow, we conclude that in difficult financial conditions the structuring of investments within the framework of project financing provides initiators of project with relative advantages in comparison with traditional ways, i.e. debt financing and increase in share capital. We have established that at Quarter I, 2014 end, there is no negative influence of Russia's rating downgrade on the ability of the domestic companies to attract project financing. The Russian economy continues to be attractive for project financing, and it is possible to solve existing problems and mitigate risks only on a mutually advantageous basis, considering the multidimensionality of modern economic relations and adhering to pragmatic and rational approach to assessing benefits and barriers of economic interaction.


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