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Educational activities of higher schools: Risk management

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Solovkina E.D. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( solovkina.ekaterina@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2018

Importance The article analyzes principal risks and threats in education. We substantiate scientifically that education is one of the key elements in economic security of the State since higher schools train highly qualified professionals for crucial sectors of the market.
Objectives We identify principal groups of risks associated with educational activities of higher schools and figure out whether they develop and implement risk management systems.
Methods The research draws upon methods of factual data observation and collection, historical and logic methods, analysis, synthesis, etc.
Results We examine key approaches to risk classification in education. The article also analyzes risk factors and identifies critical risks associated with educational activities of higher schools.
Conclusions and Relevance We outlined the risk map by negative consequence and probability of a risk. Using the risk map, we detect five groups of the most critical risks, i.e. rapidly outdated knowledge risk, budgetary finance risk, professional personnel risk, risk of educational program inconsistency with the labor market and risk of universities' competitiveness in the global market.


Competencies for digital economy and transformation of the educational system on the sixth economic paradigm

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Solovkina E.D. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( solovkina.ekaterina@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2018

Importance The article analyzes trends observed during the transition to the sixth wave of innovation, challenges to the education system and staff training in the digital economy and sets a list of new competencies for the 21st century.
Objectives The article analyzes trends observed during the transition to the digital economy and proposes some options for transforming the existing education system as appropriate for the digital economy.
Methods The research relies upon such methods as observation and collection of factors, historical and logic methods, synthesis, etc.
Results We reviewed patterns of the sixth economic paradigms and inherent challenges to the existing education system. The article enlists relevant competencies on the advent of the digital economy and formulates proposals for updating educational institutions’ activities in line with needs of the digital economy.
Conclusions and Relevance As the digital economy evolves, the industrial system of education will need to be transformed. As one of the effective strategies, there should be balance between the legislative regulation of spreading technology and proactive measures for stimulating the creation of a relevant environment, which would help tackle all digitization issues and challenges, with due safety and available resources.


The impact of the informal sector of the economy on the national security of Russia

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Tyukina U.E. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( qostwind@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2019

Subject The article studies the impact of the informal sector of the economy on the national security of Russia.
Objectives The research evaluates how the informal sector of the economy influences the national security of Russia, identifies key methods to mitigate its adverse aspects. We also examine theoretical aspects of activities in the informal sector and study what mainly contributed to its emergence and spread. We determine the main trends in the development of the informal sector in Russia.
Methods The research is based on methods of descriptive statistics, logic method, analysis, classification, etc.
Results The research investigates how the informal sector influences the national security of Russia, and indicates key ways to cushion such effects, including legislative reforms, fiscal amendments, corruption counteraction.
Conclusions and Relevance The informal sector of the economy has negative implications for the national security of Russia, bringing new threats and risks, inhibiting the overall national development. The proposed solutions can be used to choose approaches to squeezing the informal sector out of the economy and rooting it out. Such measures will help not only tackle the informal sector issues but also protect the national security and ensure the sustainable economic development of the country.


Insider threats and preventive methods

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Ivashkina A.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( aivashckina@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2018

Importance Human factor plays an important role in the corporate security system, influencing a possibility of direct and indirect losses due to ineffective managerial decisions, technological setbacks, incorrect arrangement of business processes, unpredictable and inadequate actions of the personnel, etc.
Objectives The research analyzes principal threats to corporate insider security and methods for mitigating them.
Methods The research employs general scientific and special-purpose methods of scientific cognition, such as observation, data collection, dialectical analysis, synthesis, classification, comparison and generalization.
Results We systematize and analyze certain types of insider security threats and identify the main measures to counteract such threats, describe the specifics of applying counteraction methods. The article illustrates the role of employees as a factor igniting insider threats, mechanisms for counting the threats and hands-on experience in implementation of the methods.
Conclusions and Relevance It is vital for any entity to devise mechanisms for countering insider threats, which will depend on its size, life cycle, type of activity, etc. Nowadays, entities strive to improve the effectiveness of personnel performance and reduce insider threats through innovative tools. Innovative technologies for mitigation of insider threats are expected to enhance corporate security management.


Distinctions of fraudulent schemes in public procurement

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Krivchenkova E.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( krichenkova5@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2019

Subject The research investigates the prevailing fraudulent schemes in public procurement and counteraction methods.
Objectives We scrutinize fraud in public procurement, which really challenges the national economic security as the bidding volume grows, which initially pursues the competition and quality of services delivered.
Methods Based on dynamic analysis methods, we examined patterns of fraudulent schemes in public procurement. We also apply the dialectical method to analyze the issue. The research also involves such methods as data collection, classification, comparison and generalization.
Results The analysis allowed to identify the main standard and non-standard schemes of fraud in public procurement. Corporate losses caused by fraud attract much attention. These facts should be taken into consideration when the corporate risk system is formed. The article reviews effective fraud counteraction measures in public procurement.
Conclusions and Relevance Economic crime remains a serious problem for both organizations and the country as a whole. There should be certain measures, at least of a lesser extent, to counteract such criminal doings, during bidding and at the corporate level. If fraud in public procurement is qualified as a separate body of crime, this will have a positive effect on the effective legislation.


Methods for countering the transnational crime in Russia

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Pobedushkina V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vpobedushkina@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2019

Subject The article discusses how transnational organized crime can be countered in Russia.
Objectives The study analyzes the current transnational crime in Russia and substantiates new methods for countering this type of crime.
Methods The study uses general methods of analysis, generalization and synthesis, and statistical methods for economic data processing.
Results We make several suggestions for altering and strengthening transnational crime counteraction measures in Russia. We analyzed the current transnational organized crime groups worldwide and illustrated what threat they pose. We emphasize the importance of strengthening the international cooperation to effectively tackle the issues. The article overviews the existing counteraction mechanism of other States.
Conclusions and Relevance It is hard to overestimate the damage transnational organized crime causes, invading regions and continents, to say nothing about certain countries. It is impossible for a State alone to beat such crime. Therefore, States should cooperate to disroot this global threat. There should be comprehensive efforts taken in Russia, with the existing methods being serious modified and expanded nationally and internationally. The findings can be used to reduce the percentage of transnational crime nationwide and strengthen the national security in Russia. The suggestions herein could help attain considerable results and improve crime counteraction indicators.


An impact of money laundering on the economic security of the State

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Zubarev T.S. Federal Agency for State Property Management, Moscow, Russian Federation ( timzubarev4@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #4, 2018

Importance Money laundering is one of the risks, which may have a detrimental effect on the existing relations nationwide and worldwide. Currently, there are no specific measures to counter this type of crime, thus giving the way to uncertainty in respective counteraction mechanisms.
Objectives The research focuses on the improvement of internal control rules in anti?money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) to mitigate risks that entities will be involved in legalizing criminal gains from counterparts.
Methods We substantiate, prove and corroborate our recommendations through regulatory and comprehensive approaches to studying the efficiency of corporate performance regulation, and general scientific and special methods of cognition, i.e. statistical data analysis, classification, comparison, generalization, synthesis and deduction.
Results We refined a set of methods for countering money laundering for any organizations whatsoever, and propose effective methods for credit institutions to combat this crime. The methods will allow companies to avoid criminal or administrative liability arising from the violation of the Russian laws.
Conclusions and Relevance Anti-money laundering practices are an important part of activities for ensuring the economic security of the State. Every legal entity shall have a comprehensive set of internal control policies in place so as to mitigate risks of being involved into money laundering and financing of terrorism, which undermine the economic security of the nation.


Improving pawnshop regulation methods in anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism as an economic security mechanism

Dadalko V.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( antikrizis1@bk.ru )

Surgutanova K.N. Main Investigations Directorate of Investigative Committee of Russian Federation for Moscow Oblast, Shchelkovo, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( kristisurgutanov@mail.ru )

Zubarev T.S. Federal Agency for State Property Management, Moscow, Russian Federation ( timzubarev4@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2018

Importance The article discusses the demand for new refined methods for pawnshop regulation.
Objectives The research attempts to show how the Central Bank of Russia should improve pawnshop regulation methods in terms of AML/CFT so as to more effectively perform internal control rules.
Methods We apply the legislative, regulatory and comprehensive approaches to examining whether pawnshops are effectively regulated. The research also relies upon general scientific and special methods, such as classification, comparison, generalization, dynamic analysis, moving average, analytic alignment of trends, and expert assessment for forecasting purposes.
Results The article overviews the main issues and solutions from perspectives of pawnshop regulation in AML/CFT on the part of the Central Bank of Russia. We analyze trends in the number of registered pawnshops and identify causes for tightening the AML/CFT regime. Based on the findings, we forecast how many pawnshops will have been registered by 2020. We conclude that the number of pawnshops will grow in the nearest future, hypothesize about an increased efficiency of the methods and propose a set of measures to regulate pawnshops in terms of AML/CFT.
Conclusions and Relevance There should be an effective and differentiating system for pawnshop regulation in the Russian Federation in terms of AML/CFT, since pawnshops are an integral part of the national financial system.


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