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The impact of financial and economic crisis on copper industry performance

Bazhenov O.V. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (UrFU), Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( o.v.bazhenov@urfu.ru )

Baev D.V. Friedrich-Alexander Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg (FAU Erlangen-Nurnberg), Erlangen, Nurnberg, Federal Republic of Germany ( denis-baev@list.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #9, 2019

Subject The article investigates financial and economic crises and their impact on enterprise performance.
Objectives The study aims to determine the direction and power of the impact of business cycles and economic shocks on the performance of copper industry companies.
Methods We employ the comparative analysis and generalization of information obtained from various sources.
Results We performed a content analysis of analytical materials of leading domestic and foreign publications for recent years. Using the Hodrick-Prescott filter, we revealed the business cycles in the Russian economy, i.e. recession periods (financial and economic crises) and economic recovery. We analyzed the business cycles of the corporate economy of copper industry, using the Hodrick-Prescott filter and quarterly financial statements of Norilsk Nickel and Uralelectromed from Q1 2008 to Q3 2017. On this basis, we developed a regression model, which we estimated under the least-square method.
Conclusions Despite the export orientation of the copper production, external economic shocks directly affect the performance of companies of the copper sub-industry. The findings may be used by the management of metallurgical holdings and individual copper industry enterprises to theoretically justify corporate development programs, as well as by regional executive authorities to identify ways to increase the investment appeal of regions.


The environment complex analysis technique on the basis of a balance model (a copper industry enterprises case study)

Bazhenov O.V. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( 6819@list.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #22, 2014

A complex analysis of the environment of an enterprise helps to evaluate the state and degree of the environment compliance with the target strategic directions of development of the enterprise. In this paper, the author considers a technique of the complex analysis of environment on the basis of its balance model (a copper industry enterprises case study).


Balance model of external economic environment of industrial organization

Bazhenov О.V. PhD in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, the Department of Accounting, Analysis and Labor Economics, the Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia Boris Yeltsin ( 6819@list.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #23, 2013

Volatility in the external economic environment at the branch, national and civilization levels requires the managers of industrial organizations to take effective decisions aimed at leveling the negative impact of external forces. The author examines the structure and composition of the balance model of the external economic environment as the total activity and information base to support management decisions.


Civilizational balance sheet as a comprehensive performance and informational basis of a government’s civilizational state analysis

Bazhenov O.V. senior lector of chair лthe Accounting, analysis and labor economics?, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin ( 6819@list.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #29, 2011

Constant changes in the economic condition of the state caused by both external and internal factors require the leadership of the country analysis of the consequences of such events and management decisions aimed at normalization of the state. In this paper, the author examines the structure and composition of civilizational balance sheet as the overall of performance and data base of a government’s civilizational state analysis.


Comprehensive analysis of financial condition of copper industry on basis of financial reporting, formed according to RAS and IFRS The comparability of results

Bazhenov O.V. Senior Lector, the Department of Accounting, Analysis and Labor Economics, the Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin ( 6819@list.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #36, 2013

During the transition of Russian accounting to the International Financial Reporting Standards can be characterized by uncertainty in the use of the information base for an objective assessment of the complex financial and business activities of the copper industry. The publication will be assessed to compare the results of complex financial analysis based on the financial statements prepared by means of RAS and IFRS.


Investment analysis and diagnostics financial difficulties - mechanisms of justification financial recovery program construction organizations

Bazhenov O.V. senior lecturer of chair the Accounting, analysis and labor economics, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N.Yeltsin ( 6819@list.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #39, 2010

The world financial crisis became the reason of significant aggravation of financial standing of the construction organisations of the country.For an exit from a current situation it is necessary for construction organisations to undertake a number of economically well-founded measures on the financial improvement. This article presents the methodological and applied aspects of the analysis of investment attractiveness and diagnostics of financial difficulties and their value, as mechanisms of substantiation of the programs for the financial improvement of construction organization.


Developing a forecasting technique in complex economic systems simulation

Bazhenov O.V. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( 6819@list.ru )

Galenkova A.D. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( agalenkova@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #3, 2017

Importance Under global economic instability, improvement of methods to assess various phenomena, simulate economic systems and make accurate forecasts is one of research priorities.
Objectives The aim of the study is to present theoretical and methodological tenets of the process of projection data generation on the state of a complex goal variable.
Methods We apply methods of least squares, partial least squares and exponential smoothing to present a procedure for complex economic systems modeling.
Results We present a methodology to forecast economic phenomena on a short-term horizon based on a comprehensive description of the index, using the least squares and partial least squares methods, and to generate projected values based on the method of exponential smoothing of explicative variables. The findings may be useful for commercial organizations and executive authorities to perform a strategic analysis, develop figures for indicative planning, and justify management decisions aimed at achieving the targets.
Conclusions and Relevance We offer to forecast explicative variables rather than the considered phenomenon itself, and develop a projected value of the phenomenon based on models designed under the LS and PLS-PM methods.


An econometric analysis of factors of attracting foreign direct investment to developing countries

Bazhenov O.V. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( 6819@list.ru )

Zasukhina E.A. OOO Unilever Rus, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( e.a.zasukhina@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #1, 2017

Importance Modern trends in economic development are characterized by increasing competition, globalization of markets and concentration of capital. Foreign direct investment (FDI) plays a significant role in the economic development of developing countries. Evaluation of the influence of foreign capital on the host country was considered by the community of domestic and foreign researchers, however, the issue remains controversial.
Objectives The aim of the study is to identify and assess the factors of attracting FDI to developing countries.
Methods We used methods of comparative analysis and synthesis of available information, the content analysis of analytical materials of leading Russian and foreign publications over the past decade on the issue of determining the factors influencing the amount of FDI. On the basis of statistics on 19 developing countries, we built an econometric model to assess the impact of factors on the net inflow of foreign direct investment.
Results The paper identifies two groups of factors influencing the amount of foreign direct investment. i.e. macroeconomic factors and factors that characterize the development of the society. We present and describe an econometric model that takes into account and assesses the influence of factors on the net inflow of foreign direct investment.
Relevance The results obtained can be used by legislative and executive authorities for investment policy development.


Factors for highly skilled professionals to immigrate into Russia

Bazhenov O.V. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( 6819@list.ru )

Ustyuzhanina N.E. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( ustyunatalya1995@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2016

Importance As global practices show, the influx of lowly qualified immigrants has no benefits in terms of tactics, being strategically unprofitable, since it makes the consumer market shrink, thus obstructing the creation and sale of goods in the country. In its turn, immigration of high professionals ensures a growth in socio-economic welfare in the long run.
Objectives The research identifies and evaluates factors for immigration of high qualification workforce.
Methods The research involves methods of comparative analysis and generalization of the available information, and presents a content analysis of messages and analytical materials – leading foreign and Russian editions have released for the recent decades on migration issues. Having analyzed statistical data of countries where highly qualified workforce arrives most of all, we built an econometric model to evaluate the effect of the factors on the number of immigrants, using the least-squares method.
Results Relying upon the existing economic theories of migration, we found groups of factors that influenced the immigration of highly skilled professionals, i.e. those of economic, social and political, environmental and climatic, information, infrastructure nature, etc. Having performed a statistical analysis of countries where most of highly qualified immigrants tend to, we set up an econometric model that included the effect of the factors on the immigration of high professionals.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude on the effect of key socio-economic factors, i.e. withholding tax rate, rate of social security charges, the amount of pay, unemployment rate, investment in professional immigration infrastructure. The findings can be used by legislative and executive authorities to formulate immigration policies of the Russian Federation and subsequently attract highly qualified workforce.


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